Using service-linked roles for Firewall Manager - Amazon WAF, Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Shield Advanced
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Using service-linked roles for Firewall Manager

Amazon Firewall Manager uses Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) service-linked roles. A service-linked role is a unique type of IAM role that is linked directly to Firewall Manager. Service-linked roles are predefined by Firewall Manager and include all the permissions that the service requires to call other Amazon services on your behalf.

A service-linked role makes setting up Firewall Manager easier because you don’t have to manually add the necessary permissions. Firewall Manager defines the permissions of its service-linked roles, and unless defined otherwise, only Firewall Manager can assume its roles. The defined permissions include the trust policy and the permissions policy. That permissions policy can't be attached to any other IAM entity.

You can delete a service-linked role only after first deleting the role's related resources. This protects your Firewall Manager resources because you can't inadvertently remove permission to access the resources.

For information about other services that support service-linked roles, see Amazon Services That Work with IAM and look for the services that have Yes in the Service-Linked Role column. Choose a Yes with a link to view the service-linked role documentation for that service.

Service-linked role permissions for Firewall Manager

Amazon Firewall Manager uses the service-linked role name AWSServiceRoleForFMS to allow Firewall Manager to call Amazon services on your behalf for management of firewall policies and Amazon Organizations account resources. This policy is attached to the Amazon managed role AWSServiceRoleForFMS. For more information about the managed role, see Amazon managed policy: FMSServiceRolePolicy.

The AWSServiceRoleForFMS service-linked role trusts the service to assume the role

The role permissions policy allows Firewall Manager to complete the following actions on the specified resources:

  • waf - Manage Amazon WAF Classic web ACLs, rule group permissions, and the web ACLs associations in your account.

  • ec2 - Manage security groups on elastic network interfaces and Amazon EC2 instances. Manage network ACLs on Amazon VPC subnets.

  • vpc - Manage subnets, route tables, tags, and endpoints in Amazon VPC.

  • wafv2 - Manage Amazon WAF web ACLs, rule group permissions, and the web ACLs associations in your account.

  • cloudfront - Create web ACLs to protect CloudFront distributions.

  • config - Manage Firewall Manager-owned Amazon Config rules in your account.

  • iam - Manage this service-linked role, and creates required Amazon WAF and Shield service-linked roles if configuring logging for Amazon WAF and Shield policies.

  • organization - Create a service-linked role owned by Firewall Manager to manage Amazon Organizations resources used by Firewall Manager.

  • shield - Manage Amazon Shield protections and L7 mitigation configurations for resources in your account.

  • ram - Manage Amazon RAM resource sharing for DNS Firewall rule groups and Network Firewall rule groups.

  • network-firewall - Manage Firewall Manager-owned Amazon Network Firewall resources and dependent Amazon VPC resources in your account.

  • route53resolver - Manage Firewall Manager-owned DNS Firewall associations in your account.

See the full policy in the IAM console: FMSServiceRolePolicy.

You must configure permissions to allow an IAM entity (such as a user, group, or role) to create, edit, or delete a service-linked role. For more information, see Service-Linked Role Permissions in the IAM User Guide.

Creating a service-linked role for Firewall Manager

You don't need to manually create a service-linked role. When you enable Firewall Manager logging on the Amazon Web Services Management Console, or you make a PutLoggingConfiguration request in the Firewall Manager CLI or the Firewall Manager API, Firewall Manager creates the service-linked role for you.

You must have the iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole permission to enable logging.

If you delete this service-linked role, and then need to create it again, you can use the same process to recreate the role in your account. When you enable Firewall Manager logging, Firewall Manager creates the service-linked role for you again.

Editing a service-linked role for Firewall Manager

Firewall Manager doesn't allow you to edit the AWSServiceRoleForFMS service-linked role. After you create a service-linked role, you can't change the name of the role because various entities might reference the role. However, you can edit the description of the role using IAM. For more information, see Editing a Service-Linked Role in the IAM User Guide.

Deleting a service-linked role for Firewall Manager

If you no longer need to use a feature or service that requires a service-linked role, we recommend that you delete that role. That way you don’t have an unused entity that is not actively monitored or maintained. However, you must clean up the resources for your service-linked role before you can manually delete it.


If the Firewall Manager service is using the role when you try to delete the resources, then the deletion might fail. If that happens, wait for a few minutes and try the operation again.

To delete the service-linked role using IAM

Use the IAM console, the IAM CLI, or the IAM API to delete the AWSServiceRoleForFMS service-linked role. For more information, see Deleting a Service-Linked Role in the IAM User Guide.

Supported Regions for Firewall Manager service-linked roles

Firewall Manager supports using service-linked roles in all of the regions where the service is available. For more information, see Firewall Manager endpoints and quotas.