Step 3: Create and apply a Network Firewall policy - Amazon WAF, Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Shield Advanced
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China (PDF).

Step 3: Create and apply a Network Firewall policy

After completing the prerequisites, you create an Amazon Firewall Manager Network Firewall policy. A Network Firewall policy provides a centrally controlled Amazon Network Firewall firewall for your entire Amazon organization. It also defines the Amazon Web Services accounts and resources that the firewall applies to.

For more information about how Firewall Manager manages your Network Firewall policies, see Amazon Network Firewall policies.

To create a Firewall Manager Network Firewall policy (console)
  1. Sign in to the Amazon Web Services Management Console using your Firewall Manager administrator account, and then open the Firewall Manager console at For information about setting up a Firewall Manager administrator account, see Amazon Firewall Manager prerequisites.


    For information about setting up a Firewall Manager administrator account, see Amazon Firewall Manager prerequisites.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Security policies.

  3. If you haven't met the prerequisites, the console displays instructions about how to fix any issues. Follow the instructions, and then return to this step, to create a Network Firewall policy.

  4. Choose Create security policy.

  5. For Policy type, choose Amazon Network Firewall.

  6. For Region, choose an Amazon Web Services Region.

  7. Choose Next.

  8. For Policy name, enter a descriptive name.

  9. The policy configuration allows you to define the firewall policy. This is the same process as the one you use in the Amazon Network Firewall console. You add the rule groups that you want to use in your policy and provide the default stateless actions. For this tutorial, configure this policy as you would a firewall policy in Network Firewall.


    Auto remediation happens automatically for Amazon Firewall Manager Network Firewall policies, so you won't see an option to choose not to auto remediate here.

  10. Choose Next.

  11. For Firewall endpoints, choose Multiple firewall endpoints. This option provides high availability for your firewall. When you create the policy, Firewall Manager creates a firewall subnet in each Availability Zone where you have public subnets to protect.

  12. For Amazon Network Firewall route configuration, choose Monitor to have Firewall Manager monitor your VPCs for route configuration violations and alert you with remediation suggestions to help you to bring the routes into compliance. Optionally, if you don't want to have your route configurations monitored by Firewall Manager and receive these alerts, choose Off.


    Monitoring provides you with details about non-compliant resources due to faulty route configuration, and suggests remediation actions from the Firewall Manager GetViolationDetails API. For example, Network Firewall alerts you if traffic is not routed through the firewall endpoints that are created by your policy.


    If you choose Monitor, you can't change it to Off in the future for the same policy. You must create a new policy.

  13. For Traffic type, select Add to firewall policy to route traffic through the internet gateway.

  14. Amazon Web Services accounts affected by this policy allows you to narrow the scope of your policy by specifying accounts to include or exclude. For this tutorial, choose Include all accounts under my organization.

    The Resource type for a Network Firewall policy is always VPC.

  15. For Resources, you can narrow the scope of the policy using tagging, by either including or excluding resources with the tags that you specify. You can use inclusion or exclusion, and not both. For more information about tags, see Working with Tag Editor.

    If you enter more than one tag, a resource must have all of the tags to be included or excluded.

    Resource tags can only have non-null values. If you omit the value for a tag, Firewall Manager saves the tag with an empty string value: "". Resource tags only match with tags that have the same key and the same value.

  16. Choose Next.

  17. For Policy tags, add any identifying tags that you want to add to the Firewall Manager policy resource. For more information about tags, see Working with Tag Editor.

  18. Choose Next.

  19. Review the new policy settings and return to any pages where you need to any adjustments.

    Check to be sure that Policy actions is set to Identify resources that don’t comply with the policy rules, but don’t auto remediate. This allows you to review the changes that your policy would make before you enable them.

  20. When you are satisfied with the policy, choose Create policy.

    In the Amazon Firewall Manager policies pane, your policy should be listed. It will probably indicate Pending under the accounts headings and it will indicate the status of the Automatic remediation setting. The creation of a policy can take several minutes. After the Pending status is replaced with account counts, you can choose the policy name to explore the compliance status of the accounts and resources. For information, see Viewing compliance information for an Amazon Firewall Manager policy

  21. When you are finished exploring, if you don't want to keep the policy that you created for this tutorial, choose the policy name, choose Delete, choose Clean up resources created by this policy., and finally choose Delete.

For more information about Firewall Manager Network Firewall policies, see Amazon Network Firewall policies.