教程:更新维护时段 ()AmazonCLI) - Amazon Web Services Systems Manager
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教程:更新维护时段 ()AmazonCLI)

本教程演示如何使用Amazon命令行界面 (AmazonCLI) 更新维护时段。它还演示如何更新不同的任务类型,包括Amazon Web Services Systems Manager运行命令和自动化Amazon Lambda, 和Amazon Step Functions。

本节中的示例使用以下 Systems Manager 操作来更新维护时段:

有关使用 Systems Manager 控制台来更新维护时段的信息,请参阅更新或删除维护时段(控制台)

在按照本教程中的步骤操作时,请将以斜体显示的值替换为红色文本,其中包含您自己的选项和 ID。例如,您需要替换维护时段 IDMW-0C508和实例 IDI-02578789 咖啡馆示例替换为您创建的资源的 ID。

要更新维护时段 ()AmazonCLI)

  1. 打开AmazonCLI 并运行以下命令将目标更新为包括名称和描述。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-target \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-target-id "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" \ --name "My-Maintenance-Window-Target" \ --description "Description for my maintenance window target"
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-target ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-target-id "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" ^ --name "My-Maintenance-Window-Target" ^ --description "Description for my maintenance window target"

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息。

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTargetId": "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE",
        "Targets": [
            {
                "Key": "InstanceIds",
                "Values": [
                    "i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE"
                ]
            }
        ],
        "Name": "My-Maintenance-Window-Target",
        "Description": "Description for my maintenance window target"
    }
  2. 运行以下命令,使用 replace 选项来删除描述字段和添加更多目标。描述字段被删除,因为更新未包含该字段 (一个 null 值)。请务必指定已配置为用于 Systems Manager 的其他实例。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-target \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-target-id "d208dedf-3f6b-41ff-ace8-8e751EXAMPLE" \ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE,i-0471e04240EXAMPLE" \ --name "My-Maintenance-Window-Target" \ --replace
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-target ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-target-id "d208dedf-3f6b-41ff-ace8-8e751EXAMPLE" ^ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE,i-0471e04240EXAMPLE" ^ --name "My-Maintenance-Window-Target" ^ --replace

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息。

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTargetId": "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE",
        "Targets": [
            {
                "Key": "InstanceIds",
                "Values": [
                    "i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE",
                    "i-0471e04240EXAMPLE"
                ]
            }
        ],
        "Name": "My-Maintenance-Window-Target"
    }
  3. start-date 选项用于将维护时段的激活时间延迟到一个指定的未来日期。end-date 选项用于设置在某个未来的日期和时间后不再运行维护时段。请以 ISO-8601 扩展格式指定这些选项。

    运行以下命令,为定期执行的维护时段指定日期和时间范围。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --start-date "2020-10-01T10:10:10Z" \ --end-date "2020-11-01T10:10:10Z"
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --start-date "2020-10-01T10:10:10Z" ^ --end-date "2020-11-01T10:10:10Z"
  4. 运行以下命令可更新运行命令任务。

    提示

    如果您的目标是Windows Server,更改dfipconfig, 和AWS-RunShellScriptAWS-RunPowerShellScript在以下命令中。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" \ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" \ --task-arn "AWS-RunShellScript" \ --service-role-arn "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole" \ --task-invocation-parameters "RunCommand={Comment=Revising my Run Command task,Parameters={commands=df}}" \ --priority 1 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 4 \ --name "My-Task-Name" --description "A description for my Run Command task"
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" ^ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" ^ --task-arn "AWS-RunShellScript" ^ --service-role-arn "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole" ^ --task-invocation-parameters "RunCommand={Comment=Revising my Run Command task,Parameters={commands=df}}" ^ --priority 1 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 4 ^ --name "My-Task-Name" --description "A description for my Run Command task"

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息:

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTaskId": "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
        "Targets": [
            {
                "Key": "WindowTargetIds",
                "Values": [
                    "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE"
                ]
            }
        ],
        "TaskArn": "AWS-RunShellScript",
        "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole",
        "TaskParameters": {},
        "TaskInvocationParameters": {
            "RunCommand": {
                "Comment": "Revising my Run Command task",
                "Parameters": {
                    "commands": [
                        "df"
                    ]
                }
            }
        },
        "Priority": 1,
        "MaxConcurrency": "10",
        "MaxErrors": "4",
        "Name": "My-Task-Name",
        "Description": "A description for my Run Command task"
    }
  5. 改写并运行以下命令可更新 Lambda 任务。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task \ --window-id mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE \ --window-task-id 4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE \ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" \ --task-arn "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-2:111122223333:function:SSMTestLambda" \ --service-role-arn "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole" \ --task-invocation-parameters '{"Lambda":{"Payload":"{\"InstanceId\":\"{{RESOURCE_ID}}\",\"targetType\":\"{{TARGET_TYPE}}\"}"}}' \ --priority 1 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 5 \ --name "New-Lambda-Task-Name" \ --description "A description for my Lambda task"
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task ^ --window-id mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE ^ --window-task-id 4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE ^ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" ^ --task-arn "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-2:111122223333:function:SSMTestLambda" ^ --service-role-arn "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole" ^ --task-invocation-parameters '{"Lambda":{"Payload":"{\"InstanceId\":\"{{RESOURCE_ID}}\",\"targetType\":\"{{TARGET_TYPE}}\"}"}}' ^ --priority 1 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 5 ^ --name "New-Lambda-Task-Name" ^ --description "A description for my Lambda task"

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息。

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTaskId": "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
        "Targets": [
            {
                "Key": "WindowTargetIds",
                "Values": "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE"
            }
        ],
        "TaskArn": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-2:111122223333:function:SSMTestLambda",
        "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole",
        "TaskParameters": {},
        "TaskInvocationParameters": {
            "Lambda": {
                "Payload": "e30="
            }
        },
        "Priority": 1,
        "MaxConcurrency": "10",
        "MaxErrors": "5",
        "Name": "New-Lambda-Task-Name",
        "Description": "A description for my Lambda task"
    }
  6. 如果您要更新 Step Functions 任务,请调整并运行以下命令来更新其任务调用参数。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" \ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" \ --task-arn "arn:aws:states:us-east-2:111122223333:execution:SSMStepFunctionTest" \ --service-role-arn "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole" \ --task-invocation-parameters '{"StepFunctions":{"Input":"{\"InstanceId\":\"{{RESOURCE_ID}}\"}"}}' \ --priority 0 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 5 \ --name "My-Step-Functions-Task" \ --description "A description for my Step Functions task"
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" ^ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" ^ --task-arn "arn:aws:states:us-east-2:111122223333:execution:SSMStepFunctionTest" ^ --service-role-arn "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole" ^ --task-invocation-parameters '{"StepFunctions":{"Input":"{\"InstanceId\":\"{{RESOURCE_ID}}\"}"}}' ^ --priority 0 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 5 ^ --name "My-Step-Functions-Task" ^ --description "A description for my Step Functions task"

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息。

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTaskId": "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
        "Targets": [
            {
                "Key": "WindowTargetIds",
                "Values": [
                    "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE"
                ]
            }
        ],
        "TaskArn": "arn:aws:states:us-east-2:111122223333:execution:SSMStepFunctionTest",
        "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MaintenanceWindowsRole",
        "TaskParameters": {},
        "TaskInvocationParameters": {
            "StepFunctions": {
                "Input": "{\"instanceId\":\"{{RESOURCE_ID}}\"}"
            }
        },
        "Priority": 0,
        "MaxConcurrency": "10",
        "MaxErrors": "5",
        "Name": "My-Step-Functions-Task",
        "Description": "A description for my Step Functions task"
    }
  7. 运行以下命令可从维护时段中注销目标。本示例使用 safe 参数确定目标是否被任何任务引用,从而确定注销是否安全。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm deregister-target-from-maintenance-window \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-target-id "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" \ --safe
    Windows
    aws ssm deregister-target-from-maintenance-window ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-target-id "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" ^ --safe

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息:

    An error occurred (TargetInUseException) when calling the DeregisterTargetFromMaintenanceWindow operation: 
    This Target cannot be deregistered because it is still referenced in Task: 4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE
  8. 运行以下命令可从维护时段注销目标,即使该目标已被某个任务引用。您可以使用 no-safe 参数强制执行注销操作。

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm deregister-target-from-maintenance-window \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-target-id "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" \ --no-safe
    Windows
    aws ssm deregister-target-from-maintenance-window ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-target-id "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE" ^ --no-safe

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息。

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTargetId": "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE"
    }
    
  9. 运行以下命令可更新运行命令任务。本示例 Systems Manager 名为UpdateLevel,其格式如下所示:'{{ssm:UpdateLevel}}'

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" \ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE" \ --task-invocation-parameters "RunCommand={Comment=A comment for my task update,Parameters={UpdateLevel='{{ssm:UpdateLevel}}'}}"
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" ^ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE" ^ --task-invocation-parameters "RunCommand={Comment=A comment for my task update,Parameters={UpdateLevel='{{ssm:UpdateLevel}}'}}"

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息。

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTaskId": "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
        "Targets": [
            {
                "Key": "InstanceIds",
                "Values": [
                    "i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE"
                ]
            }
        ],
        "TaskArn": "AWS-RunShellScript",
        "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/aws-service-role/ssm.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForAmazonSSM",
        "TaskParameters": {},
        "TaskInvocationParameters": {
            "RunCommand": {
                "Comment": "A comment for my task update",
                "Parameters": {
                    "UpdateLevel": [
                        "{{ssm:UpdateLevel}}"
                    ]
                }
            }
        },
        "Priority": 10,
        "MaxConcurrency": "1",
        "MaxErrors": "1"
    }
  10. 运行以下命令可更新 Automation 任务以指定WINDOW_IDWINDOW_TASK_ID返回参数task-invocation-parameters参数:

    Linux & macOS
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" \ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE \ --task-arn "AutoTestDoc" \ --service-role-arn arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/aws-service-role/ssm.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForAmazonSSM \ --task-invocation-parameters "Automation={Parameters={InstanceId='{{RESOURCE_ID}}',initiator='{{WINDOW_ID}}.Task-{{WINDOW_TASK_ID}}'}}" \ --priority 3 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 5
    Windows
    aws ssm update-maintenance-window-task ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --window-task-id "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE" ^ --targets "Key=WindowTargetIds,Values=e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE ^ --task-arn "AutoTestDoc" ^ --service-role-arn arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/aws-service-role/ssm.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForAmazonSSM ^ --task-invocation-parameters "Automation={Parameters={InstanceId='{{RESOURCE_ID}}',initiator='{{WINDOW_ID}}.Task-{{WINDOW_TASK_ID}}'}}" ^ --priority 3 --max-concurrency 10 --max-errors 5

    系统将返回类似于以下内容的信息:

    {
        "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
        "WindowTaskId": "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
        "Targets": [
            {
                "Key": "WindowTargetIds",
                "Values": [
                    "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE"
                ]
            }
        ],
        "TaskArn": "AutoTestDoc",
        "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/aws-service-role/ssm.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForAmazonSSM",
        "TaskParameters": {},
        "TaskInvocationParameters": {
            "Automation": {
                "Parameters": {
                    "multi": [
                        "{{WINDOW_TASK_ID}}"
                    ],
                    "single": [
                        "{{WINDOW_ID}}"
                    ]
                }
            }
        },
        "Priority": 0,
        "MaxConcurrency": "10",
        "MaxErrors": "5",
        "Name": "My-Automation-Task",
        "Description": "A description for my Automation task"
    }