Amazon Web Services Management Console 登录事件 - Amazon CloudTrail
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Amazon Web Services Management Console 登录事件

CloudTrail 记录尝试登录 Amazon Web Services Management Console、 Amazon 讨论论坛和 Su Amazon pport Center。所有 IAM 用户和根用户登录事件以及所有联合用户登录事件都会在 CloudTrail 日志文件中生成记录。有关查找和查看日志的信息,请参阅 正在查找您的 CloudTrail 日志文件正在下载您的 CloudTrail 日志文件

注意

ConsoleLogin事件中记录的区域因用户类型以及您使用全球还是区域终端节点登录而异。

  • 如果您以 root 用户身份登录,则将事件 CloudTrail 记录在 us-east-1 中。

  • 如果您使用 IAM 用户登录并使用全局终端节点,则按如下方式 CloudTrail 记录ConsoleLogin事件的区域:

    • 如果浏览器中存在账户别名 cookie,则会在以下区域之一 CloudTrail 记录ConsoleLogin事件:us-east-2、eu-north-1 或 ap-southeast-2。这是因为控制台代理会根据用户登录位置的延迟来重定向用户。

    • 如果浏览器中没有账户别名 cookie,则在 us-east-1 中 CloudTrail 记录该ConsoleLogin事件。这是因为控制台代理重定向回全局登录。

  • 如果您使用 IAM 用户登录并使用区域终端节点,则会在终端节点的相应区域中 CloudTrail 记录ConsoleLogin事件。有关 Amazon 登录 终端节点的更多信息,请参阅Amazon 登录 终端节点和配额

IAM 用户的事件记录示例

以下示例显示了适用于多种 IAM 用户登录方案的事件记录。

IAM 用户,未使用 MFA 而成功登录

以下记录显示,名为的用户在 Amazon Web Services Management Console 未使用多重身份验证 (MFA) 的情况下Anaya成功登录。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EXAMPLE6E4XEGITWATV6R", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::999999999999:user/Anaya", "accountId": "999999999999", "userName": "Anaya" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-19T21:44:40Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:102.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/102.0", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?hashArgs=%23&isauthcode=true&state=hashArgsFromTB_us-east-1_examplee9aba7f8", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "No" }, "eventID": "e1bf1000-86a4-4a78-81d7-EXAMPLE83102", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "999999999999", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "us-east-1.signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

IAM 用户,使用 MFA 成功登录

以下记录显示,名为的 IAM 用户 Amazon Web Services Management Console 使用多重身份验证 (MFA) Anaya 成功登录。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EXAMPLE6E4XEGITWATV6R", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::999999999999:user/Anaya", "accountId": "999999999999", "userName": "Anaya" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-19T22:01:30Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:102.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/102.0", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?hashArgs=%23&isauthcode=true&state=hashArgsFromTB_us-east-1_examplebde32f3c9", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAIdentifier": "arn:aws:iam::999999999999:mfa/mfa-device", "MFAUsed": "Yes" }, "eventID": "e1f76697-5beb-46e8-9cfc-EXAMPLEbde31", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "999999999999", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "us-east-1.signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

IAM 用户,登录失败

以下记录显示名为 Paulo 的 IAM 用户的失败登录操作。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EXAMPLE6E4XEGITWATV6R", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "", "userName": "Paulo" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-19T22:01:20Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:102.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/102.0", "errorMessage": "Failed authentication", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Failure" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?hashArgs=%23&isauthcode=true&state=hashArgsFromTB_us-east-1_examplebde32f3c9", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "Yes" }, "eventID": "66c97220-2b7d-43b6-a7a0-EXAMPLEbae9c", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "us-east-1.signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

IAM 用户,针对 MFA 的登录流程检查(单一 MFA 设备类型)

以下显示登录过程检查 IAM 用户在登录过程中是否需要多重验证 (MFA)。在此示例中,mfaType 值为 U2F MFA,表示 IAM 用户启用了单个 MFA 设备或多个相同类型的 MFA 设备 (U2F MFA)。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EXAMPLE6E4XEGITWATV6R", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "", "userName": "Alice" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-19T22:01:26Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CheckMfa", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:102.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/102.0", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "CheckMfa": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "MfaType": "Virtual MFA" }, "eventID": "7d8a0746-b2e7-44f5-9917-EXAMPLEfb77c", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "us-east-1.signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

IAM 用户,针对 MFA 的登录流程检查(多种 MFA 设备类型)

以下显示登录过程检查 IAM 用户在登录过程中是否需要多重验证 (MFA)。在此示例中,mfaType 值为 Multiple MFA Devices,表示 IAM 用户启用了多种 MFA 设备类型。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EXAMPLE6E4XEGITWATV6R", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "", "userName": "Mary" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-19T23:10:09Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CheckMfa", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:102.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/102.0", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "CheckMfa": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "MfaType": "Multiple MFA Devices" }, "eventID": "19bd1a1c-76b1-4806-9d8f-EXAMPLE02a96", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

根用户的示例事件记录

以下示例显示了适用于多种 root 用户登录方案的事件记录。当您使用 root 用户登录时,将ConsoleLogin事件 CloudTrail 记录在 us-east-1 中。

根用户,未使用 MFA 而成功登录

以下信息显示根用户未使用多重身份验证(MFA)而成功登录的事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "111122223333", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-12T13:35:31Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/114.0.0.0 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?hashArgs=%23&isauthcode=true&nc2=h_ct&src=header-signin&state=hashArgsFromTB_ap-southeast-2_example80afacd389", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "No" }, "eventID": "4217cc13-7328-4820-a90c-EXAMPLE8002e6", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "111122223333", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

根用户,使用 MFA 成功登录

以下信息显示根用户使用多重身份验证(MFA)成功登录的事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "444455556666", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::444455556666:root", "accountId": "444455556666", "accessKeyId": "" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-13T03:04:43Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/114.0.0.0 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://ap-southeast-1.console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/home?region=ap-southeast-1&state=hashArgs%23Instances%3Av%3D3%3B%24case%3Dtags%3Atrue%255C%2Cclient%3Afalse%3B%24regex%3Dtags%3Afalse%255C%2Cclient%3Afalse&isauthcode=true", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAIdentifier": "arn:aws:iam::444455556666:mfa/root-account-mfa-device", "MFAUsed": "Yes" }, "eventID": "e0176723-ea76-4275-83a3-EXAMPLEf03fb", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "444455556666", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

根用户,登录失败

下面显示的是未使用 MFA 的根用户登录失败事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "" }, "eventTime": "2023-07-16T04:33:40Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/111.0.0.0 Safari/537.36", "errorMessage": "Failed authentication", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Failure" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://us-east-1.console.aws.amazon.com/billing/home?region=us-east-1&state=hashArgs%23%2Faccount&isauthcode=true", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "No" }, "eventID": "f28d4329-5050-480b-8de0-EXAMPLE07329", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

根用户,MFA 已更改

下面显示的是根用户更改多重身份验证 (MFA) 设置的示例事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "111122223333", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE4XX3IEV4PFQTH", "userName": "Amazon ROOT USER", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": {}, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "creationDate": "2023-07-15T03:51:12Z", "mfaAuthenticated": "false" } } }, "eventTime": "2023-07-15T04:37:08Z", "eventSource": "iam.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "EnableMFADevice", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/111.0.0.0 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": { "userName": "Amazon ROOT USER", "serialNumber": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:mfa/root-account-mfa-device" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "9b45cd4c-a598-41e7-9170-EXAMPLE535f0", "eventID": "b4f18d55-d36f-49a0-afcb-EXAMPLEc026b", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "111122223333", "eventCategory": "Management", "sessionCredentialFromConsole": "true" }

根用户,密码已更改

下面显示的是根用户更改密码的示例事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "444455556666", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::444455556666:root", "accountId": "444455556666", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLEAOTKEG44KPW5P", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": {}, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "creationDate": "2022-11-25T13:01:14Z", "mfaAuthenticated": "false" } } }, "eventTime": "2022-11-25T13:01:14Z", "eventSource": "iam.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ChangePassword", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/111.0.0.0 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "c64254c2-e4ff-49c0-900e-EXAMPLE9e6d2", "eventID": "d059176c-4f4d-4a9e-b8d7-EXAMPLE2b7b3", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "444455556666", "eventCategory": "Management" }

联合用户的事件记录示例

以下示例显示了联合用户的事件记录。联邦用户将获得临时安全证书,允许他们通过AssumeRole请求访问 Amazon 资源。

以下示例显示了联合身份验证加密请求的事件。userIdentity 元素的 accessKeyId 字段中会提供原始访问密钥 ID。如果加密请求中传递了所请求的 sessionDuration,则 responseElements 中的 accessKeyId 字段会包含新的访问密钥 ID,否则会包含原始访问密钥 ID 的值。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "EXAMPLEUU4MH7OYK5ZCOA:JohnDoe", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::123456789012:assumed-role/roleName/JohnDoe", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "originalAccessKeyID", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "EXAMPLEUU4MH7OYK5ZCOA", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/roleName", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "roleName" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "creationDate": "2023-09-25T21:30:39Z", "mfaAuthenticated": "false" } } }, "eventTime": "2023-09-25T21:30:39Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "GetSigninToken", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Java/1.8.0_382", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "credentials": { "accessKeyId": "accessKeyID" }, "GetSigninToken": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "No" }, "eventID": "1d66615b-a417-40da-a38e-EXAMPLE8c89b", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "us-east-1.signin.aws.amazon.com" } }

以下示例显示联合用户在未使用多重身份验证(MFA)的情况下成功登录的事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "EXAMPLEPHCNW7ZCASLJOH:JohnDoe", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::123456789012:assumed-role/RoleName/JohnDoe", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "EXAMPLEPHCNW7ZCASLJOH", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/RoleName", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "RoleName" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "creationDate": "2023-09-22T16:15:47Z", "mfaAuthenticated": "false" } } }, "eventTime": "2023-09-22T16:15:47Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_15_7) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/116.0.0.0 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "No" }, "eventID": "b73f1ec6-c064-4cd3-ba83-EXAMPLE441d7", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.3", "cipherSuite": "TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "us-east-1.signin.aws.amazon.com" } }