Amazon Web Services Management Console 登录事件 - Amazon CloudTrail
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Amazon Web Services Management Console 登录事件

CloudTrail 记录尝试登录 Amazon Web Services Management Console、Amazon 论坛和 Amazon 支持中心的操作。所有 IAM 用户和根用户登录事件,以及所有联合身份用户登录事件,将在 CloudTrail 日志文件中生成记录。Amazon Web Services Management Console 登录事件是全局服务事件。

IAM 用户的示例记录

以下示例显示了适用于多种 IAM 用户登录方案的事件记录。

IAM 用户,登录成功

以下记录显示名为 Anaya 的 IAM 用户在未使用多重验证的情况下成功登录了 Amazon Web Services Management Console。

{ "Records":[ { "eventVersion":"1.05", "userIdentity":{ "type":"IAMUser", "principalId":"AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn":"arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/anaya", "accountId":"111122223333", "userName":"anaya" }, "eventTime":"2018-08-29T16:24:34Z", "eventSource":"signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName":"ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion":"us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress":"192.0.2.0", "userAgent":"Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.12; rv:62.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/62.0", "requestParameters":null, "responseElements":{ "ConsoleLogin":"Success" }, "additionalEventData":{ "MobileVersion":"No", "LoginTo":"https://console.aws.amazon.com/sns", "MFAUsed":"No" }, "eventID":"3fcfb182-98f8-4744-bd45-10a395ab61cb", "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignin" } ] }

IAM 用户,使用 MFA 登录

以下记录显示名为 Anaya 的 IAM 用户已使用多重验证 (MFA) 登录到 Amazon Web Services Management Console。

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/anaya", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "anaya" }, "eventTime": "2018-07-24T18:34:07Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/67.0.3396.99 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?state=hashArgs%23&isauthcode=true", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "Yes" }, "eventID": "fed06f42-cb12-4764-8c69-121063dc79b9", "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

IAM 用户,登录失败

以下记录显示一个 IAM 用户的不成功登录尝试。

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "", "userName": "anaya" }, "eventTime": "2018-07-24T18:32:11Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/67.0.3396.99 Safari/537.36", "errorMessage": "Failed authentication", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Failure" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?state=hashArgs%23&isauthcode=true", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "Yes" }, "eventID": "d38ce1b3-4575-4cb8-a632-611b8243bfc3", "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

IAM 用户,MFA 的登录流程检查

以下显示登录过程检查 IAM 用户在登录过程中是否需要多重验证 (MFA)。

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "", "userName": "anaya" }, "eventTime": "2018-07-24T18:33:45Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CheckMfa", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/67.0.3396.99 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "CheckMfa": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "MfaType": "U2F MFA" }, "eventID": "f8ef8fc5-e3e8-4ee1-9d52-2f412ddf17e3", "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

根用户的示例事件记录

以下示例显示了适用于多种 root 用户登录方案的事件记录。

根用户,登录成功

以下显示未使用 MFA 的根用户的成功登录事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "" }, "eventTime": "2018-08-29T16:24:34Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.12; rv:62.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/62.0", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Success" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?state=hashArgs%23&isauthcode=true", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "No" }, "eventID": "deb1e1f9-c99b-4612-8e9f-21f93b5d79c0", "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

根用户,登录失败

下面显示的是未使用 MFA 的根用户登录失败事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "" }, "eventTime": "2018-08-25T18:10:29Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ConsoleLogin", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/68.0.3440.106 Safari/537.36", "errorMessage": "Failed authentication", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "ConsoleLogin": "Failure" }, "additionalEventData": { "LoginTo": "https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home?state=hashArgs%23&isauthcode=true", "MobileVersion": "No", "MFAUsed": "No" }, "eventID": "a4fbbe77-91a0-4238-804a-64314184edb6", "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

根用户,MFA 已更改

下面显示的是根用户更改多重身份验证 (MFA) 设置的示例事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": {}, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-10-13T21:05:40Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-10-13T21:19:09Z", "eventSource": "iam.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "EnableMFADevice", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Coral/Netty4", "requestParameters": { "userName": "AWS ROOT USER", "serialNumber": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:mfa/root-account-mfa-device" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "EXAMPLE4-2cf7-4a44-af00-f61f0EXAMPLE", "eventID": "EXAMPLEb-7dae-48cb-895f-20e86EXAMPLE", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

根用户,密码已更改

下面显示的是根用户更改密码的示例事件。

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "Root", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "" }, "eventTime": "2020-10-13T21:47:13Z", "eventSource": "signin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "PasswordUpdated", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/78.0", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": { "PasswordUpdated": "Success" }, "eventID": "EXAMPLEd-244c-4044-abbf-21c64EXAMPLE", "eventType": "AwsConsoleSignIn", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }