Capacity Reservation pricing and billing - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
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Capacity Reservation pricing and billing

The price for a Capacity Reservation varies by payment option.


When the Capacity Reservation enters the active state, you are charged the equivalent On-Demand rate whether you run instances in the reserved capacity or not. If you do not use the reservation, this shows up as unused reservation on your EC2 bill. When you run an instance that matches the attributes of a reservation, you just pay for the instance and nothing for the reservation. There are no upfront or additional charges.

For example, if you create a Capacity Reservation for 20 m4.large Linux instances and run 15 m4.large Linux instances in the same Availability Zone, you will be charged for 15 active instances and for 5 unused instances in the reservation.

Billing discounts for Regional Reserved Instances apply to Capacity Reservations. For more information, see Billing discounts.

For more information, see Amazon EC2 Pricing.


Billing starts as soon as the capacity is provisioned and the Capacity Reservation enters the active state, and it continues while the Capacity Reservation remains in the active state.

Capacity Reservations are billed at per-second granularity. This means that you are charged for partial hours. For example, if a reservation remains active in your account for 24 hours and 15 minutes, you will be billed for 24.25 reservation hours.

The following example shows how a Capacity Reservation is billed. The Capacity Reservation is created for one m4.large Linux instance, which has an On-Demand rate of $0.10 per usage hour. In this example, the Capacity Reservation is active in the account for five hours. The Capacity Reservation is unused for the first hour, so it is billed for one unused hour at the m4.large instance type's standard On-Demand rate. In hours two through five, the Capacity Reservation is occupied by an m4.large instance. During this time, the Capacity Reservation accrues no charges, and the account is instead billed for the m4.large instance occupying it. In the sixth hour, the Capacity Reservation is canceled and the m4.large instance runs normally outside of the reserved capacity. For that hour, it is charged at the On-Demand rate of the m4.large instance type.

        			Capacity Reservation billing example

Billing discounts

Billing discounts for Regional Reserved Instances apply to Capacity Reservations. Amazon automatically applies these discounts to Capacity Reservations that have matching attributes. When a Capacity Reservation is used by an instance, the discount is applied to the instance. Discounts are preferentially applied to instance usage before covering unused Capacity Reservations.

Billing discounts for zonal Reserved Instances do not apply to Capacity Reservations.

For more information, see the following:

Viewing your bill

You can review the charges and fees to your account on the Amazon Billing and Cost Management console.

  • The Dashboard displays a spend summary for your account.

  • On the Bills page, under Details, expand the Elastic Compute Cloud section and the Region to get billing information about your Capacity Reservations.

You can view the charges online, or you can download a CSV file. For more information, see Capacity Reservation Line Items in the Amazon Billing and Cost Management User Guide.