Tutorial: Launch On-Demand Instances using targeted Capacity Reservations - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
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Tutorial: Launch On-Demand Instances using targeted Capacity Reservations

This tutorial walks you through all the steps that you must perform so that your EC2 Fleet launches On-Demand Instances into targeted Capacity Reservations.

You will learn how to configure a fleet to use targeted On-Demand Capacity Reservations first when launching On-Demand Instances. You will also learn how to configure the fleet so that, when the total On-Demand target capacity exceeds the number of available unused Capacity Reservations, the fleet uses the specified allocation strategy for selecting the instance pools in which to launch the remaining target capacity.

EC2 Fleet configuration

In this tutorial, the fleet configuration is as follows:

  • Target capacity: 10 On-Demand Instances

  • Total unused targeted Capacity Reservations: 6 (less than the fleet's On-Demand target capacity of 10 On-Demand Instances)

  • Number of Capacity Reservation pools: 2 (us-east-1a and us-east-1b)

  • Number of Capacity Reservations per pool: 3

  • On-Demand allocation strategy: lowest-price (When the number of unused Capacity Reservations is less than the On-Demand target capacity, the fleet determines the pools in which to launch the remaining On-Demand capacity based on the On-Demand allocation strategy.)

    Note that you can also use the prioritized allocation strategy instead of the lowest-price allocation strategy.

Step 1: Create Capacity Reservations

Use the create-capacity-reservation command to create the Capacity Reservations, three for us-east-1a and another three for us-east-1b. Except for the Availability Zone, the other attributes of the Capacity Reservations are identical.

3 Capacity Reservations in us-east-1a

aws ec2 create-capacity-reservation \ --availability-zone us-east-1a\ --instance-type c5.xlarge\ --instance-platform Linux/UNIX \ --instance-count 3 \ --instance-match-criteria targeted

Example of resulting Capacity Reservation ID

cr-1234567890abcdef1

3 Capacity Reservations in us-east-1b

aws ec2 create-capacity-reservation \ --availability-zone us-east-1b\ --instance-type c5.xlarge\ --instance-platform Linux/UNIX \ --instance-count 3 \ --instance-match-criteria targeted

Example of resulting Capacity Reservation ID

cr-54321abcdef567890

Step 2: Create a Capacity Reservation resource group

Use the resource-groups service and the create-group command to create a Capacity Reservation resource group. In this example, the resource group is named my-cr-group. For information about why you must create a resource group, see Use Capacity Reservations for On-Demand Instances.

aws resource-groups create-group \ --name my-cr-group \ --configuration '{"Type":"AWS::EC2::CapacityReservationPool"}' '{"Type":"AWS::ResourceGroups::Generic", "Parameters": [{"Name": "allowed-resource-types", "Values": ["AWS::EC2::CapacityReservation"]}]}'

Step 3: Add the Capacity Reservations to the Capacity Reservation resource group

Use the resource-groups service and the group-resources command to add the Capacity Reservations that you created in Step 1 to the Capacity Reservations resource group. Note that you must reference the On-Demand Capacity Reservations by their ARNs.

aws resource-groups group-resources \ --group my-cr-group \ --resource-arns \ arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:capacity-reservation/cr-1234567890abcdef1 \ arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:capacity-reservation/cr-54321abcdef567890

Example output

{ "Failed": [], "Succeeded": [ "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:capacity-reservation/cr-1234567890abcdef1", "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:capacity-reservation/cr-54321abcdef567890" ] }

(Optional) Step 4: View the Capacity Reservations in the resource group

Use the resource-groups service and the list-group-resources command to optionally describe the resource group to view its Capacity Reservations.

aws resource-groups list-group-resources --group my-cr-group

Example output

{ "ResourceIdentifiers": [ { "ResourceType": "AWS::EC2::CapacityReservation", "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:capacity-reservation/cr-1234567890abcdef1" }, { "ResourceType": "AWS::EC2::CapacityReservation", "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:capacity-reservation/cr-54321abcdef567890" } ] }

Step 5: Create a launch template that specifies that the Capacity Reservation targets a specific resource group

Use the create-launch-template command to create a launch template in which to specify the Capacity Reservations to use. In this example, the fleet will use targeted Capacity Reservations, which have been added to a resource group. Therefore, the launch template data specifies that the Capacity Reservation targets a specific resource group. In this example, the launch template is named my-launch-template.

aws ec2 create-launch-template \ --launch-template-name my-launch-template \ --launch-template-data \ '{"ImageId": "ami-0123456789example", "CapacityReservationSpecification": {"CapacityReservationTarget": { "CapacityReservationResourceGroupArn": "arn:aws:resource-groups:us-east-1:123456789012:group/my-cr-group" } } }'

(Optional) Step 6: Describe the launch template

Use the describe-launch-template command to optionally describe the launch template to view its configuration.

aws ec2 describe-launch-template-versions --launch-template-name my-launch-template

Example output

{ "LaunchTemplateVersions": [ { "LaunchTemplateId": "lt-01234567890example", "LaunchTemplateName": "my-launch-template", "VersionNumber": 1, "CreateTime": "2021-01-19T20:50:19.000Z", "CreatedBy": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:user/Admin", "DefaultVersion": true, "LaunchTemplateData": { "ImageId": "ami-0947d2ba12ee1ff75", "CapacityReservationSpecification": { "CapacityReservationTarget": { "CapacityReservationResourceGroupArn": "arn:aws:resource-groups:us-east-1:123456789012:group/my-cr-group" } } } } ] }

Step 7: Create an EC2 Fleet

Create an EC2 Fleet that specifies the configuration information for the instances that it will launch. The following EC2 Fleet configuration shows only the pertinent configurations for this example. The launch template my-launch-template is the launch template you created in Step 5. There are two instance pools, each with the same instance type (c5.xlarge), but with different Availability Zones (us-east-1a and us-east-1b). The price of the instance pools is the same because pricing is defined for the Region, not per Availability Zone. The total target capacity is 10, and the default target capacity type is on-demand. The On-Demand allocation strategy is lowest-price. The usage strategy for Capacity Reservations is use-capacity-reservations-first.

Note

The fleet type must be instant. Other fleet types do not support use-capacity-reservations-first.

{ "LaunchTemplateConfigs": [ { "LaunchTemplateSpecification": { "LaunchTemplateName": "my-launch-template", "Version": "1" }, "Overrides": [ { "InstanceType": "c5.xlarge", "AvailabilityZone": "us-east-1a" }, { "InstanceType": "c5.xlarge", "AvailabilityZone": "us-east-1b" } ] } ], "TargetCapacitySpecification": { "TotalTargetCapacity": 10, "DefaultTargetCapacityType": "on-demand" }, "OnDemandOptions": { "AllocationStrategy": "lowest-price", "CapacityReservationOptions": { "UsageStrategy": "use-capacity-reservations-first" } }, "Type": "instant" }

After you create the instant fleet using the preceding configuration, the following 10 instances are launched to meet the target capacity:

  • The Capacity Reservations are used first to launch 6 On-Demand Instances as follows:

    • 3 On-Demand Instances are launched into the 3 c5.xlarge targeted Capacity Reservations in us-east-1a

    • 3 On-Demand Instances are launched into the 3 c5.xlarge targeted Capacity Reservations in us-east-1b

  • To meet the target capacity, 4 additional On-Demand Instances are launched into regular On-Demand capacity according to the On-Demand allocation strategy, which is lowest-price in this example. However, because the pools are the same price (because price is per Region and not per Availability Zone), the fleet launches the remaining 4 On-Demand Instances into either of the pools.

(Optional) Step 8: View the number of remaining unused Capacity Reservations

After the fleet is launched, you can optionally run describe-capacity-reservations to see how many unused Capacity Reservations are remaining. In this example, you should see the following response, which shows that all of the Capacity Reservations in all of the pools were used.

{ "CapacityReservationId": "cr-111", "InstanceType": "c5.xlarge", "AvailableInstanceCount": 0 } { "CapacityReservationId": "cr-222", "InstanceType": "c5.xlarge", "AvailableInstanceCount": 0 }