Get started with P5 instances and EFA - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
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Get started with P5 instances and EFA

P5 instances deliver 3200 Gbps of networking bandwidth by using multiple EFA interfaces. P5 instances support 32 network cards. For more information about getting started with P5 instances, see Get started with P5 instances.

We recommend that you define a single EFA network interface per network card. To configure these interfaces at launch we recommend the following settings:

  • For network interface 0, specify device index 0

  • For network interfaces 1 through 31, specify device index 1

If you are using the Amazon EC2 console, in the Launch Instance Wizard, choose Edit in the Network settings section. Expand Advanced network configuration and choose Add network interface to add the required number of network interfaces. For each network interface, for EFA, select Enable. For all network interfaces, except the primary network interface, for Device index, specify 1. Configure the remaining settings as needed.

If you are using the Amazon CLI, use the run-instances command, for --network-interfaces, specify the required number of network interfaces. For each network interface, for InterfaceType, specify efa. For the primary network interface, for NetworkCardIndex and DeviceIndex specify 0. For the remaining network interfaces, for NetworkCardIndex specify a unique value from 1 to 31, and for DeviceIndex specify 1.

The following example command snippet shows a request with 32 EFA network interfaces.

$ aws --region $REGION ec2 run-instances \ --instance-type p5.48xlarge \ --count 1 \ --key-name key_pair_name \ --image-id ami_id \ --network-interfaces "NetworkCardIndex=0,DeviceIndex=0,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=1,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=2,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=3,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=4,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=5,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=6,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=7,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=8,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=9,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=10,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=11,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=12,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=13,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=14,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=15,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=16,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=17,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=18,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=19,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=20,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=21,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=22,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=23,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=24,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=25,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=26,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=27,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=28,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=29,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=30,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" \ "NetworkCardIndex=31,DeviceIndex=1,Groups=security_group_id,SubnetId=subnet_id,InterfaceType=efa" ...

If you are using a launch template, specify the required number of network interfaces in the launch template. For each network interface, for InterfaceType, specify efa. For the primary network interface, for NetworkCardIndex and DeviceIndex specify 0. For the remaining network interfaces, for NetworkCardIndex specify a unique value from 1 to 31, and for DeviceIndex specify 1. The following snippet shows an example with 3 network interfaces out of the possible 32 network interfaces.

"NetworkInterfaces":[ { "NetworkCardIndex":0, "DeviceIndex":0, "InterfaceType": "efa", "AssociatePublicIpAddress":false, "Groups":[ "security_group_id" ], "DeleteOnTermination":true }, { "NetworkCardIndex": 1, "DeviceIndex": 1, "InterfaceType": "efa", "AssociatePublicIpAddress":false, "Groups":[ "security_group_id" ], "DeleteOnTermination":true }, { "NetworkCardIndex": 2, "DeviceIndex": 1, "InterfaceType": "efa", "AssociatePublicIpAddress":false, "Groups":[ "security_group_id" ], "DeleteOnTermination":true } ...

When launching a P5 instance with more than one network interface, you cannot auto-assign public IP addresses. However, you can attach an Elastic IP address to the primary network interface (NetworkCardIndex=0, DeviceIndex=0) after launch for internet connectivity. Both Ubuntu 20.04 and later and Amazon Linux 2 and later are configured to use the primary network interface for internet traffic when the instance is launched as recommended above.