Attestation with AMD SEV-SNP - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
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Attestation with AMD SEV-SNP

Attestation is a process that allows your instance to prove its state and identity. When you turn on AMD SEV-SNP for your instance, you can request an AMD SEV-SNP attestation report from the underlying processor. The AMD SEV-SNP attestation report contains a cryptographic hash, called the launch measurement, of the initial guest memory contents and initial vCPU state. The attestation report is signed with a VLEK signature that chains back to an AMD root of trust. You can use the launch measurement included in the attestation report to validate that the instance is running in a genuine AMD environment and to validate the initial boot code that was used to launch the instance.

To perform attestation with AMD SEV-SNP, complete the following steps.

Step 1: Get the attestation report

In this step, you install and build the snpguest utility, and then use it to request the AMD SEV-SNP attestation report and certificates.

  1. Run the following commands to build the snpguest utility from the snpguest repository.

    $ git clone https://github.com/virtee/snpguest.git $ cd snpguest $ cargo build -r $ cd target/release
  2. Generate a request for the attestation report. The utility requests the attestation report from the host, and writes it to a binary file with the provided request data.

    The following example creates a random request string, and uses it as the request file (request-file.txt). When the command returns the attestation report it's stored in the file path that you specify (report.bin). In this case, the utility stores the report in the current directory.

    $ ./snpguest report report.bin request-file.txt --random
  3. Request the certificates from host memory, and store them as PEM files. The following example stores the files in the same directory as the snpguest utility. If certificates already exist in the specified directory, those certificates are overwritten.

    $ ./snpguest certificates PEM ./

Step 2: Validate the attestation report signature

The attestation report is signed with a certificate, called the Versioned Loaded Endorsement Key (VLEK), which is issued by AMD for Amazon. In this step, you can validate that the VLEK certificate is issued by AMD, and that the attestation report is signed by that VLEK certificate.

  1. Download the VLEK root of trust certificates from the official AMD website to the current directory.

    $ sudo curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf https://kdsintf.amd.com/vlek/v1/Milan/cert_chain -o ./cert_chain.pem
  2. Use openssl to validate that the VLEK certificate is signed by the AMD root of trust certificates.

    $ sudo openssl verify --CAfile ./cert_chain.pem vlek.pem

    Expected output:

    certs/vcek.pem: OK
  3. Use the snpguest utility to validate that the attestation report is signed by the VLEK certificate.

    $ ./snpguest verify attestation ./ report.bin

    Expected output.

    Reported TCB Boot Loader from certificate matches the attestation report. Reported TCB TEE from certificate matches the attestation report. Reported TCB SNP from certificate matches the attestation report. Reported TCB Microcode from certificate matches the attestation report. VEK signed the Attestation Report!