Create one-way replication rules for your Multi-Region Access Point - Amazon Simple Storage Service
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Create one-way replication rules for your Multi-Region Access Point

Replication rules enable automatic and asynchronous copying of objects across buckets. A one-way replication rule helps ensure that data is fully replicated from a source bucket in one Amazon Web Services Region to a destination bucket in another Region. When one-way replication is set up, a replication rule from the source bucket (DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET-1) to the destination bucket (DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET-2) is created. Like all replication rules, you can apply the one-way replication rule to the entire Amazon S3 bucket or to a subset of objects that are filtered by a prefix or object tags.


We recommend using one-way replication if your users will only be consuming the objects in your destination buckets. If your users will be uploading or modifying the objects in your destination buckets, use two-way replication to keep all of your buckets in sync. We also recommend two-way replication if you plan to use your Multi-Region Access Point for failover. To set up two-way replication, see Create two-way replication rules for your Multi-Region Access Point.

To create a one-way replication rule for your Multi-Region Access Point
  1. Sign in to the Amazon Web Services Management Console and open the Amazon S3 console at

  2. In the left navigation pane, choose Multi-Region Access Points.

  3. Choose the name of your Multi-Region Access Point.

  4. Choose the Replication and failover tab.

  5. Scroll down to the Replication rules section, and then choose Create replication rules. Make sure that you have sufficient permissions to create the replication rule, or versioning will be disabled.


    You can create replication rules only for buckets in your own account. To create replication rules for external buckets, the bucket owners must create the replication rules for those buckets.

  6. On the Create replication rules page, choose the Replicate objects from one or more source buckets to one or more destination buckets template.


    When you create replication rules by using this template, they replace any existing replication rules that are already assigned to the bucket.

    To add to or modify any existing replication rules instead of replacing them, go to each bucket's Management tab in the console, and then edit the rules in the Replication rules section. You can also add to or modify existing replication rules by using the Amazon CLI, SDKs, or REST API. For more information, see Replication configuration.

  7. In the Source and destination section, under Source buckets, select one or more buckets that you want to replicate objects from. All buckets (source and destination) that are chosen for replication must have S3 Versioning enabled, and each bucket must reside in a different Amazon Web Services Region. For more information about S3 Versioning, see Using versioning in Amazon S3 buckets.

    Under Destination buckets, select one or more buckets that you want to replicate objects to.


    Make sure that you have the required read and replicate permissions to establish replication, or you will encounter errors. For more information, see Creating an IAM role.

  8. In the Replication rule configuration section, choose whether the replication rule will be Enabled or Disabled when it's created.


    You can't enter a name in the Replication rule name box. Replication rule names are generated based on your configuration when you create the replication rule.

  9. In the Scope section, choose the appropriate scope for your replication.

    • To replicate the whole bucket, choose Apply to all objects in the bucket.

    • To replicate a subset of the objects in the bucket, choose Limit the scope of this rule using one or more filters.

      You can filter your objects by using a prefix, object tags, or a combination of both.

      • To limit replication to all objects that have names that begin with the same string (for example pictures), enter a prefix in the Prefix box.

        If you enter a prefix that is the name of a folder, you must use a delimiter such as a / (forward slash) to indicate its level of hierarchy (for example, pictures/). For more information about prefixes, see Organizing objects using prefixes.

      • To replicate all objects that have one or more object tags, choose Add tag and enter the key-value pair in the boxes. To add another tag, repeat the procedure. For more information about object tags, see Categorizing your storage using tags.

  10. Scroll down to the Additional replication options section, and select the replication options that you want to apply.


    We recommend that you apply the following options:

    • Replication time control (RTC) – To replicate your data across different Regions within a predictable time frame, you can use S3 Replication Time Control (S3 RTC). S3 RTC replicates 99.99 percent of new objects stored in Amazon S3 within 15 minutes (backed by a service-level agreement). For more information, see Meeting compliance requirements using S3 Replication Time Control (S3 RTC).

    • Replication metrics and notifications – Enable Amazon CloudWatch metrics to monitor replication events.

    • Delete marker replication – Delete markers created by S3 delete operations will be replicated. Delete markers created by lifecycle rules are not replicated. For more information, see Replicating delete markers between buckets.

    There are additional charges for S3 RTC and CloudWatch replication metrics and notifications. For more information, see Amazon S3 Pricing and Amazon CloudWatch pricing.

  11. If you're writing a new replication rule that replaces an existing one, select I acknowledge that by choosing Create replication rules, these existing replication rules will be overwritten.

  12. Choose Create replication rules to create and save your new one-way replication rule.