CreateVirtualMFADevice - Amazon Identity and Access Management
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Creates a new virtual MFA device for the Amazon Web Services account. After creating the virtual MFA, use EnableMFADevice to attach the MFA device to an IAM user. For more information about creating and working with virtual MFA devices, see Using a virtual MFA device in the IAM User Guide.

For information about the maximum number of MFA devices you can create, see IAM and Amazon STS quotas in the IAM User Guide.


The seed information contained in the QR code and the Base32 string should be treated like any other secret access information. In other words, protect the seed information as you would your Amazon access keys or your passwords. After you provision your virtual device, you should ensure that the information is destroyed following secure procedures.

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.


The path for the virtual MFA device. For more information about paths, see IAM identifiers in the IAM User Guide.

This parameter is optional. If it is not included, it defaults to a slash (/).

This parameter allows (through its regex pattern) a string of characters consisting of either a forward slash (/) by itself or a string that must begin and end with forward slashes. In addition, it can contain any ASCII character from the ! (\u0021) through the DEL character (\u007F), including most punctuation characters, digits, and upper and lowercased letters.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 512.

Pattern: (\u002F)|(\u002F[\u0021-\u007E]+\u002F)

Required: No


A list of tags that you want to attach to the new IAM virtual MFA device. Each tag consists of a key name and an associated value. For more information about tagging, see Tagging IAM resources in the IAM User Guide.


If any one of the tags is invalid or if you exceed the allowed maximum number of tags, then the entire request fails and the resource is not created.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Array Members: Maximum number of 50 items.

Required: No


The name of the virtual MFA device, which must be unique. Use with path to uniquely identify a virtual MFA device.

This parameter allows (through its regex pattern) a string of characters consisting of upper and lowercase alphanumeric characters with no spaces. You can also include any of the following characters: _+=,.@-

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1.

Pattern: [\w+=,.@-]+

Required: Yes

Response Elements

The following element is returned by the service.


A structure containing details about the new virtual MFA device.

Type: VirtualMFADevice object


For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.


The request was rejected because multiple requests to change this object were submitted simultaneously. Wait a few minutes and submit your request again.

HTTP Status Code: 409


The request was rejected because it attempted to create a resource that already exists.

HTTP Status Code: 409


The request was rejected because an invalid or out-of-range value was supplied for an input parameter.

HTTP Status Code: 400


The request was rejected because it attempted to create resources beyond the current Amazon Web Services account limits. The error message describes the limit exceeded.

HTTP Status Code: 409


The request processing has failed because of an unknown error, exception or failure.

HTTP Status Code: 500



This example illustrates one usage of CreateVirtualMFADevice.

Sample Request &VirtualMFADeviceName=ExampleName &Version=2010-05-08 &AUTHPARAMS

Sample Response

<CreateVirtualMFADeviceResponse xmlns=""> <CreateVirtualMFADeviceResult> <VirtualMFADevice> <SerialNumber>arn:aws:iam::123456789012:mfa/ExampleName</SerialNumber> <Base32StringSeed> 2K5K5XTLA7GGE75TQLYEXAMPLEEXAMPLEEXAMPLECHDFW4KJYZ6UFQ75LL7COCYKM </Base32StringSeed> <QRCodePNG> 89504E470D0A1A0AASDFAHSDFKJKLJFKALSDFJASDF <!-- byte array of png file --> </QRCodePNG> </VirtualMFADevice> </CreateVirtualMFADeviceResult> <ResponseMetadata> <RequestId>7a62c49f-347e-4fc4-9331-6e8eEXAMPLE</RequestId> </ResponseMetadata> </CreateVirtualMFADeviceResponse>

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific Amazon SDKs, see the following: