Amazon STS examples using Amazon CLI with Bash script - Amazon Command Line Interface
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Amazon STS examples using Amazon CLI with Bash script

The following code examples show you how to perform actions and implement common scenarios by using the Amazon Command Line Interface with Bash script with Amazon STS.

Actions are code excerpts from larger programs and must be run in context. While actions show you how to call individual service functions, you can see actions in context in their related scenarios and cross-service examples.

Scenarios are code examples that show you how to accomplish a specific task by calling multiple functions within the same service.

Each example includes a link to GitHub, where you can find instructions on how to set up and run the code in context.

Topics

Actions

The following code example shows how to assume a role with Amazon STS.

Amazon CLI with Bash script
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

############################################################################### # function iecho # # This function enables the script to display the specified text only if # the global variable $VERBOSE is set to true. ############################################################################### function iecho() { if [[ $VERBOSE == true ]]; then echo "$@" fi } ############################################################################### # function errecho # # This function outputs everything sent to it to STDERR (standard error output). ############################################################################### function errecho() { printf "%s\n" "$*" 1>&2 } ############################################################################### # function sts_assume_role # # This function assumes a role in the AWS account and returns the temporary # credentials. # # Parameters: # -n role_session_name -- The name of the session. # -r role_arn -- The ARN of the role to assume. # # Returns: # [access_key_id, secret_access_key, session_token] # And: # 0 - If successful. # 1 - If an error occurred. ############################################################################### function sts_assume_role() { local role_session_name role_arn response local option OPTARG # Required to use getopts command in a function. # bashsupport disable=BP5008 function usage() { echo "function sts_assume_role" echo "Assumes a role in the AWS account and returns the temporary credentials:" echo " -n role_session_name -- The name of the session." echo " -r role_arn -- The ARN of the role to assume." echo "" } while getopts n:r:h option; do case "${option}" in n) role_session_name=${OPTARG} ;; r) role_arn=${OPTARG} ;; h) usage return 0 ;; \?) ech o"Invalid parameter" usage return 1 ;; esac done response=$(aws sts assume-role \ --role-session-name "$role_session_name" \ --role-arn "$role_arn" \ --output text \ --query "Credentials.[AccessKeyId, SecretAccessKey, SessionToken]") local error_code=${?} if [[ $error_code -ne 0 ]]; then aws_cli_error_log $error_code errecho "ERROR: AWS reports create-role operation failed.\n$response" return 1 fi echo "$response" return 0 }
  • For API details, see AssumeRole in Amazon CLI Command Reference.