Run Plans - SQL Server to Aurora MySQL Migration Playbook
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Run Plans

Feature compatibility Amazon SCT / Amazon DMS automation level Amazon SCT action code index Key differences


                              Two star feature compatibility

N/A

N/A

Syntax differences. Completely different optimizer with different operators and rules.

SQL Server Usage

Run plans provide users detailed information about the data access and processing methods chosen by the SQL Server Query Optimizer. They also provide estimated or actual costs of each operator and sub tree. Run plans provide critical data for troubleshooting query performance challenges.

SQL Server creates run plans for most queries and returns them to client applications as plain text or XML documents. SQL Server produces a run plan when a query run, but it can also generate estimated plans without running a query.

SQL Server Management Studio provides a graphical view of the underlying XML plan document using icons and arrows instead of textual information. This graphical view is extremely helpful when investigating the performance aspects of a query.

To request an estimated run plan, use the SET SHOWPLAN_XML, SHOWPLAN_ALL, or SHOWPLAN_TEXT statements.

SQL Server 2017 introduces automatic tuning, which notifies users whenever a potential performance issue is detected and lets them apply corrective actions, or lets the database engine automatically fix performance problems. Automatic tuning SQL Server enables users to identify and fix performance issues caused by query run plan choice regressions. For more information, see Automatic tuning in the SQL Server documentation.

Examples

Show the estimated run plan for a query.

SET SHOWPLAN_XML ON;
SELECT *
FROM MyTable
WHERE SomeColumn = 3;
SET SHOWPLAN_XML OFF;

Actual run plans return after run of the query or batch of queries completes. Actual run plans include run-time statistics about resource usage and warnings. To request the actual run plan, use the SET STATISTICS XML statement to return the XML document object. Alternatively, use the STATISTICS PROFILE statement, which returns an additional result set containing the query run plan.

Show the actual run plan for a query.

SET STATISTICS XML ON;
SELECT *
FROM MyTable
WHERE SomeColumn = 3;
SET STATISTICS XML OFF;

The following example shows a partial graphical run plan from SQL Server Management Studio.


                  A partial graphical run plan

For more information, see Display and Save Execution Plans in the SQL Server documentation.

MySQL Usage

Amazon Aurora MySQL-Compatible Edition (Aurora MySQL) provides the EXPLAIN/DESCRIBE statement to display run plan and used with the SELECT, DELETE, INSERT, REPLACE, and UPDATE statements.

Note

You can use the EXPLAIN/DESCRIBE statement to retrieve table and column metadata.

When you use EXPLAIN with a statement, MySQL returns the run plan generated by the query optimizer. MySQL explains how the statement will be processed including information about table joins and order. When you use EXPLAIN with the FOR CONNECTION option, it returns the run plan for the statement running in the named connection. You can use the FORMAT option to select either a TRADITIONAL tabular format or a JSON format.

The EXPLAIN statement requires SELECT permissions for all tables and views accessed by the query directly or indirectly. For views, EXPLAIN requires the SHOW VIEW permission. EXPLAIN can be extremely valuable for improving query performance when used to find missing indexes. You can also use EXPLAIN to determine if the optimizer joins tables in an optimal order. MySQL Workbench includes an easy to read visual explain feature similar to SQL Server Management Studio graphical run plans.

Note

Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) for MySQL implements a new form of the EXPLAIN statement. You can use EXPLAIN ANALYZE in MySQL 8.0.18. This statement provides expanded information about the run of SELECT statements in the TREE format for each iterator used in processing the query and making it possible to compare estimated cost with the actual cost of the query. This information includes startup cost total cost number of rows returned by this iterator and the number of run loops. In MySQL 8.0.21 and later this statement also supports a FORMAT=TREE specifier. TREE is the only supported format. For more information, see Obtaining Information with EXPLAIN ANALYZE in the MySQL documentation.

Syntax

Simplified syntax for the EXPLAIN statement:

{EXPLAIN | DESCRIBE | DESC} [EXTENDED | FORMAT = TRADITIONAL | JSON]
[SELECT statement | DELETE statement | INSERT statement | REPLACE statement | UPDATE
statement | FOR CONNECTION <connection id>]

Examples

View the run plan for a statement.

CREATE TABLE Employees
(
    EmployeeID INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
    Name VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,
    INDEX USING BTREE(Name)
);
EXPLAIN SELECT *
    FROM Employees
    WHERE Name = 'Jason';
id  select_type  table      partitions  type  possible_keys  key   key_len  ref    rows Extra
1   SIMPLE       Employees              ref   Name           Name  102      const  1

View the MySQL Workbench graphical run plan.


                  MySQL Workbench graphical run plan
Note

To instruct the optimizer to use a join order corresponding to the order in which the tables are specified in a SELECT statement, use SELECT STRAIGHT_JOIN. For more information, see Query Hints and Plan Guides.

For more information, see EXPLAIN Statement in the MySQL documentation.