Managing Elastic Beanstalk user policies - Amazon Elastic Beanstalk
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Managing Elastic Beanstalk user policies

Amazon Elastic Beanstalk provides two managed policies that enable you to assign full access or read-only access to all resources that Elastic Beanstalk manages. You can attach the policies to Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) users or groups, or to roles assumed by your users.


Elastic Beanstalk managed policies don't provide granular permissions—they grant all permissions that are potentially needed for working with Elastic Beanstalk applications. Our managed policies also don't cover permissions to custom resources that you might add to your solution, and that aren't managed by Elastic Beanstalk. To implement more granular permissions, minimum required permissions, or custom resource permissions, use custom policies.

Managed user policies
  • AdministratorAccess-AWSElasticBeanstalk – Gives the user full administrative permissions to create, modify, and delete Elastic Beanstalk applications, application versions, configuration settings, environments, and their underlying resources. To view the managed policy content, see the AdministratorAccess-AWSElasticBeanstalk page in the Amazon Managed Policy Reference Guide.

  • AWSElasticBeanstalkReadOnly – Allows the user to view applications and environments, but not to perform operations that modify them. It provides read-only access to all Elastic Beanstalk resources, and to other Amazon resources that the Elastic Beanstalk console retrieves. Note that read-only access does not enable actions such as downloading Elastic Beanstalk logs so that you can read them. This is because the logs are staged in the Amazon S3 bucket, where Elastic Beanstalk would require write permission. See the example at the end of this topic for information on how to enable access to Elastic Beanstalk logs. To view the managed policy content, see the AWSElasticBeanstalkReadOnly page in the Amazon Managed Policy Reference Guide.


Previously, Elastic Beanstalk supported two other managed user policies, AWSElasticBeanstalkFullAccess and AWSElasticBeanstalkReadOnlyAccess. We plan on retiring these previous policies. You might still be able to see and use them in the IAM console. Nevertheless, we recommend that you transition to using the new managed user policies, and add custom policies to grant permissions to custom resources, if you have any.

Policies for integration with other services

We also provide more granular policies that allow you to integrate your environment with other services, if you prefer to use those.

This policy allows an environment to manage Amazon CloudWatch Logs log groups.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AllowCWL", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "logs:CreateLogGroup", "logs:DeleteLogGroup", "logs:PutRetentionPolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:logs:*:*:log-group:/aws/elasticbeanstalk/*" } ] }

This policy allows an environment to integrate an Amazon RDS instance.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AllowRDS", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "rds:CreateDBSecurityGroup", "rds:DeleteDBSecurityGroup", "rds:AuthorizeDBSecurityGroupIngress", "rds:CreateDBInstance", "rds:ModifyDBInstance", "rds:DeleteDBInstance" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:rds:*:*:secgrp:awseb-e-*", "arn:aws:rds:*:*:db:*" ] } ] }

This policy allows a worker environment tier to create an Amazon DynamoDB table and an Amazon SQS queue.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AllowSQS", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "sqs:TagQueue", "sqs:DeleteQueue", "sqs:GetQueueAttributes", "sqs:CreateQueue" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:sqs:*:*:awseb-e-*" }, { "Sid": "AllowDDB", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "dynamodb:CreateTable", "dynamodb:TagResource", "dynamodb:DescribeTable", "dynamodb:DeleteTable" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:dynamodb:*:*:table/awseb-e-*" } ] }

This policy allows a multicontainer Docker environment to manage Amazon ECS clusters.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AllowECS", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ecs:CreateCluster", "ecs:DeleteCluster", "ecs:DeRegisterTaskDefinition", "ecs:RegisterTaskDefinition" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Sid": "AllowECSTagResource", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ecs:TagResource" ], "Resource": "*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "ecs:CreateAction": [ "CreateCluster", "RegisterTaskDefinition" ] } } } ] }

This policy allows core operations of a web service environment.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "TerminateInstances", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ec2:TerminateInstances" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:ec2:*:*:instance/*", "Condition": { "StringLike": { "ec2:ResourceTag/aws:cloudformation:stack-id": "arn:aws:cloudformation:*:*:stack/awseb-e-*" } } }, { "Sid": "EC2", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ec2:ReleaseAddress", "ec2:AllocateAddress", "ec2:DisassociateAddress", "ec2:AssociateAddress", "ec2:CreateTags", "ec2:DeleteTags", "ec2:CreateSecurityGroup", "ec2:DeleteSecurityGroup", "ec2:AuthorizeSecurityGroup*", "ec2:RevokeSecurityGroup*", "ec2:CreateLaunchTemplate*", "ec2:DeleteLaunchTemplate*" ], "Resource": "*" }, { "Sid": "LTRunInstances", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "ec2:RunInstances", "Resource": "*", "Condition": { "ArnLike": { "ec2:LaunchTemplate": "arn:aws:ec2:*:*:launch-template/*" } } }, { "Sid": "ASG", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "autoscaling:AttachInstances", "autoscaling:*LoadBalancer*", "autoscaling:*AutoScalingGroup", "autoscaling:*LaunchConfiguration", "autoscaling:DeleteScheduledAction", "autoscaling:DetachInstances", "autoscaling:PutNotificationConfiguration", "autoscaling:PutScalingPolicy", "autoscaling:PutScheduledUpdateGroupAction", "autoscaling:ResumeProcesses", "autoscaling:SuspendProcesses", "autoscaling:*Tags" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:autoscaling:*:*:launchConfiguration:*:launchConfigurationName/awseb-e-*", "arn:aws:autoscaling:*:*:autoScalingGroup:*:autoScalingGroupName/awseb-e-*" ] }, { "Sid": "ASGPolicy", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "autoscaling:DeletePolicy" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Sid": "EBSLR", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::*:role/aws-service-role/*" ], "Condition": { "StringLike": { "iam:AWSServiceName": "" } } }, { "Sid": "S3Obj", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:Delete*", "s3:Get*", "s3:Put*" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::elasticbeanstalk-*/*", "arn:aws:s3:::elasticbeanstalk-env-resources-*/*" ] }, { "Sid": "S3Bucket", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucket*", "s3:ListBucket", "s3:PutBucketPolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::elasticbeanstalk-*" }, { "Sid": "CFN", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "cloudformation:CreateStack", "cloudformation:DeleteStack", "cloudformation:GetTemplate", "cloudformation:ListStackResources", "cloudformation:UpdateStack", "cloudformation:ContinueUpdateRollback", "cloudformation:CancelUpdateStack" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:cloudformation:*:*:stack/awseb-e-*" }, { "Sid": "CloudWatch", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "cloudwatch:PutMetricAlarm", "cloudwatch:DeleteAlarms" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:cloudwatch:*:*:alarm:awseb-*" }, { "Sid": "ELB", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "elasticloadbalancing:Create*", "elasticloadbalancing:Delete*", "elasticloadbalancing:Modify*", "elasticloadbalancing:RegisterTargets", "elasticloadbalancing:DeRegisterTargets", "elasticloadbalancing:DeregisterInstancesFromLoadBalancer", "elasticloadbalancing:RegisterInstancesWithLoadBalancer", "elasticloadbalancing:*Tags", "elasticloadbalancing:ConfigureHealthCheck", "elasticloadbalancing:SetRulePriorities", "elasticloadbalancing:SetLoadBalancerPoliciesOfListener" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:targetgroup/awseb-*", "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:loadbalancer/awseb-*", "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:loadbalancer/app/awseb-*/*", "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:loadbalancer/net/awseb-*/*", "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:listener/awseb-*", "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:listener/app/awseb-*", "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:listener/net/awseb-*", "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:*:*:listener-rule/app/awseb-*/*/*/*" ] }, { "Sid": "ListAPIs", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "autoscaling:Describe*", "cloudformation:Describe*", "logs:Describe*", "ec2:Describe*", "ecs:Describe*", "ecs:List*", "elasticloadbalancing:Describe*", "rds:Describe*", "sns:List*", "iam:List*", "acm:Describe*", "acm:List*" ], "Resource": "*" }, { "Sid": "AllowPassRole", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "iam:PassRole", "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::*:role/aws-elasticbeanstalk-*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PassedToService": [ "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } } ] }

This policy allows an environment to enable Amazon SNS topic integration.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AllowBeanstalkManageSNS", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "sns:CreateTopic", "sns:SetTopicAttributes", "sns:DeleteTopic" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:sns:*:*:ElasticBeanstalkNotifications-*" ] }, { "Sid": "AllowSNSPublish", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "sns:GetTopicAttributes", "sns:Subscribe", "sns:Unsubscribe", "sns:Publish" ], "Resource": "*" } ] }

Controlling access with managed policies

You can use managed policies to grant full access or read-only access to Elastic Beanstalk. Elastic Beanstalk updates these policies automatically when additional permissions are required to access new features.

To apply a managed policy to IAM users or groups
  1. Open the Policies page in the IAM console.

  2. In the search box, type AWSElasticBeanstalk to filter the policies.

  3. In the list of policies, select the check box next to AWSElasticBeanstalkReadOnly or AdministratorAccess-AWSElasticBeanstalk.

  4. Choose Policy actions, and then choose Attach.

  5. Select one or more users and groups to attach the policy to. You can use the Filter menu and the search box to filter the list of principal entities.

  6. Choose Attach policy.

Creating a custom user policy

You can create your own IAM policy to allow or deny specific Elastic Beanstalk API actions on specific Elastic Beanstalk resources, and to control access to custom resources that aren't managed by Elastic Beanstalk. For more information about attaching a policy to a user or group, see Working with Policies in the IAM User Guide. For details about creating a custom policy, see Creating IAM Policies in the IAM User Guide.


While you can restrict how a user interacts with Elastic Beanstalk APIs, there is not currently an effective way to prevent users who have permission to create the necessary underlying resources from creating other resources in Amazon EC2 and other services.

Think of these policies as an effective way to distribute Elastic Beanstalk responsibilities, not as a way to secure all underlying resources.

In November 2019, Elastic Beanstalk released support for Amazon EC2 launch templates. This is a new resource type that your environment's Auto Scaling group can use to launch Amazon EC2 instances, and it requires new permissions. Most customers shouldn't be affected, because environments can still use the legacy resource, launch configurations, if your user policy lacks the required permissions. However, if you're trying to use a new feature that requires Amazon EC2 launch templates, and you have a custom policy, your environment creation or update might fail. In this case, ensure that your custom policy has the following permissions.

Required permissions for Amazon EC2 launch templates
  • EC2:CreateLaunchTemplate

  • EC2:CreateLaunchTemplateVersions

  • EC2:DeleteLaunchTemplate

  • EC2:DeleteLaunchTemplateVersions

  • EC2:DescribeLaunchTemplate

  • EC2:DescribeLaunchTemplateVersions

An IAM policy contains policy statements that describe the permissions that you want to grant. When you create a policy statement for Elastic Beanstalk, you need to understand how to use the following four parts of a policy statement:

  • Effect specifies whether to allow or deny the actions in the statement.

  • Action specifies the API operations that you want to control. For example, use elasticbeanstalk:CreateEnvironment to specify the CreateEnvironment operation. Certain operations, such as creating an environment, require additional permissions to perform those actions. For more information, see Resources and conditions for Elastic Beanstalk actions.


    To use the UpdateTagsForResource API operation, specify one of the following two virtual actions (or both) instead of the API operation name:


    Controls permission to call UpdateTagsForResource and pass a list of tags to add in the TagsToAdd parameter.


    Controls permission to call UpdateTagsForResource and pass a list of tag keys to remove in the TagsToRemove parameter.

  • Resource specifies the resources that you want to control access to. To specify Elastic Beanstalk resources, list the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of each resource.

  • (optional) Condition specifies restrictions on the permission granted in the statement. For more information, see Resources and conditions for Elastic Beanstalk actions.

The following sections demonstrate a few cases in which you might consider a custom user policy.

Enabling limited Elastic Beanstalk environment creation

The policy in the following example enables a user to call the CreateEnvironment action to create an environment whose name begins with Test with the specified application and application version.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid":"CreateEnvironmentPerm", "Action": [ "elasticbeanstalk:CreateEnvironment" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": [ "arn:aws-cn:elasticbeanstalk:us-west-2:123456789012:environment/My First Elastic Beanstalk Application/Test*" ], "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "elasticbeanstalk:InApplication": ["arn:aws-cn:elasticbeanstalk:us-west-2:123456789012:application/My First Elastic Beanstalk Application"], "elasticbeanstalk:FromApplicationVersion": ["arn:aws-cn:elasticbeanstalk:us-west-2:123456789012:applicationversion/My First Elastic Beanstalk Application/First Release"] } } }, { "Sid":"AllNonResourceCalls", "Action":[ "elasticbeanstalk:CheckDNSAvailability", "elasticbeanstalk:CreateStorageLocation" ], "Effect":"Allow", "Resource":[ "*" ] } ] }

The above policy shows how to grant limited access to Elastic Beanstalk operations. In order to actually launch an environment, the user must have permission to create the Amazon resources that power the environment as well. For example, the following policy grants access to the default set of resources for a web server environment:

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ec2:*", "ecs:*", "elasticloadbalancing:*", "autoscaling:*", "cloudwatch:*", "s3:*", "sns:*", "cloudformation:*", "sqs:*" ], "Resource": "*" } ] }

Enabling access to Elastic Beanstalk logs stored in Amazon S3

The policy in the following example enables a user to pull Elastic Beanstalk logs, stage them in Amazon S3, and retrieve them.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "s3:DeleteObject", "s3:GetObjectAcl", "s3:PutObjectAcl" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "arn:aws-cn:s3:::elasticbeanstalk-*" } ] }

To restrict these permissions to only the logs path, use the following resource format.


Enabling management of a specific Elastic Beanstalk application

The policy in the following example enables a user to manage environments and other resources within one specific Elastic Beanstalk application. The policy denies Elastic Beanstalk actions on resources of other applications, and also denies creation and deletion of Elastic Beanstalk applications.


The policy doesn't deny access to any resources through other services. It demonstrates an effective way to distribute responsibilities for managing Elastic Beanstalk applications among different users, not as a way to secure the underlying resources.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Deny", "Action": [ "elasticbeanstalk:CreateApplication", "elasticbeanstalk:DeleteApplication" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Effect": "Deny", "Action": [ "elasticbeanstalk:CreateApplicationVersion", "elasticbeanstalk:CreateConfigurationTemplate", "elasticbeanstalk:CreateEnvironment", "elasticbeanstalk:DeleteApplicationVersion", "elasticbeanstalk:DeleteConfigurationTemplate", "elasticbeanstalk:DeleteEnvironmentConfiguration", "elasticbeanstalk:DescribeApplicationVersions", "elasticbeanstalk:DescribeConfigurationOptions", "elasticbeanstalk:DescribeConfigurationSettings", "elasticbeanstalk:DescribeEnvironmentResources", "elasticbeanstalk:DescribeEnvironments", "elasticbeanstalk:DescribeEvents", "elasticbeanstalk:DeleteEnvironmentConfiguration", "elasticbeanstalk:RebuildEnvironment", "elasticbeanstalk:RequestEnvironmentInfo", "elasticbeanstalk:RestartAppServer", "elasticbeanstalk:RetrieveEnvironmentInfo", "elasticbeanstalk:SwapEnvironmentCNAMEs", "elasticbeanstalk:TerminateEnvironment", "elasticbeanstalk:UpdateApplicationVersion", "elasticbeanstalk:UpdateConfigurationTemplate", "elasticbeanstalk:UpdateEnvironment", "elasticbeanstalk:RetrieveEnvironmentInfo", "elasticbeanstalk:ValidateConfigurationSettings" ], "Resource": [ "*" ], "Condition": { "StringNotEquals": { "elasticbeanstalk:InApplication": [ "arn:aws-cn:elasticbeanstalk:us-west-2:123456789012:application/myapplication" ] } } } ] }