Advanced environment customization with configuration files (.ebextensions) - Amazon Elastic Beanstalk
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Advanced environment customization with configuration files (.ebextensions)

You can add Amazon Elastic Beanstalk configuration files (.ebextensions) to your web application's source code to configure your environment and customize the Amazon resources that it contains. Configuration files are YAML- or JSON-formatted documents with a .config file extension that you place in a folder named .ebextensions and deploy in your application source bundle.


This example makes a simple configuration change. It modifies a configuration option to set the type of your environment's load balancer to Network Load Balancer.

option_settings: aws:elasticbeanstalk:environment: LoadBalancerType: network

We recommend using YAML for your configuration files, because it's more readable than JSON. YAML supports comments, multi-line commands, several alternatives for using quotes, and more. However, you can make any configuration change in Elastic Beanstalk configuration files identically using either YAML or JSON.


When you are developing or testing new configuration files, launch a clean environment running the default application and deploy to that. Poorly formatted configuration files will cause a new environment launch to fail unrecoverably.

The option_settings section of a configuration file defines values for configuration options. Configuration options let you configure your Elastic Beanstalk environment, the Amazon resources in it, and the software that runs your application. Configuration files are only one of several ways to set configuration options.

The Resources section lets you further customize the resources in your application's environment, and define additional Amazon resources beyond the functionality provided by configuration options. You can add and configure any resources supported by Amazon CloudFormation, which Elastic Beanstalk uses to create environments.

The other sections of a configuration file (packages, sources, files, users, groups, commands, container_commands, and services) let you configure the EC2 instances that are launched in your environment. Whenever a server is launched in your environment, Elastic Beanstalk runs the operations defined in these sections to prepare the operating system and storage system for your application.

For examples of commonly used .ebextensions, see the Elastic Beanstalk Configuration Files Repository.

  • Location – Elastic Beanstalk will process all .ebextensions folders present in your deployment. However, we recommend that you place all of your configuration files in a single folder, named .ebextensions, in the root of your source bundle. Folders starting with a dot can be hidden by file browsers, so make sure that the folder is added when you create your source bundle. For more information, see Create an application source bundle.

  • Naming – Configuration files must have the .config file extension.

  • Formatting – Configuration files must conform to YAML or JSON specifications.

    When using YAML, always use spaces to indent keys at different nesting levels. For more information about YAML, see YAML Ain't Markup Language (YAML™) Version 1.1.

  • Uniqueness – Use each key only once in each configuration file.


    If you use a key (for example, option_settings) twice in the same configuration file, one of the sections will be dropped. Combine duplicate sections into a single section, or place them in separate configuration files.

The process for deploying varies slightly depending on the client that you use to manage your environments. See the following sections for details: