PutRecordBatch - Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose
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Writes multiple data records into a delivery stream in a single call, which can achieve higher throughput per producer than when writing single records. To write single data records into a delivery stream, use PutRecord. Applications using these operations are referred to as producers.

For information about service quota, see Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose Quota.

Each PutRecordBatch request supports up to 500 records. Each record in the request can be as large as 1,000 KB (before base64 encoding), up to a limit of 4 MB for the entire request. These limits cannot be changed.

You must specify the name of the delivery stream and the data record when using PutRecord. The data record consists of a data blob that can be up to 1,000 KB in size, and any kind of data. For example, it could be a segment from a log file, geographic location data, website clickstream data, and so on.

Kinesis Data Firehose buffers records before delivering them to the destination. To disambiguate the data blobs at the destination, a common solution is to use delimiters in the data, such as a newline (\n) or some other character unique within the data. This allows the consumer application to parse individual data items when reading the data from the destination.

The PutRecordBatch response includes a count of failed records, FailedPutCount, and an array of responses, RequestResponses. Even if the PutRecordBatch call succeeds, the value of FailedPutCount may be greater than 0, indicating that there are records for which the operation didn't succeed. Each entry in the RequestResponses array provides additional information about the processed record. It directly correlates with a record in the request array using the same ordering, from the top to the bottom. The response array always includes the same number of records as the request array. RequestResponses includes both successfully and unsuccessfully processed records. Kinesis Data Firehose tries to process all records in each PutRecordBatch request. A single record failure does not stop the processing of subsequent records.

A successfully processed record includes a RecordId value, which is unique for the record. An unsuccessfully processed record includes ErrorCode and ErrorMessage values. ErrorCode reflects the type of error, and is one of the following values: ServiceUnavailableException or InternalFailure. ErrorMessage provides more detailed information about the error.

If there is an internal server error or a timeout, the write might have completed or it might have failed. If FailedPutCount is greater than 0, retry the request, resending only those records that might have failed processing. This minimizes the possible duplicate records and also reduces the total bytes sent (and corresponding charges). We recommend that you handle any duplicates at the destination.

If PutRecordBatch throws ServiceUnavailableException, the API is automatically reinvoked (retried) 3 times. If the exception persists, it is possible that the throughput limits have been exceeded for the delivery stream.

Re-invoking the Put API operations (for example, PutRecord and PutRecordBatch) can result in data duplicates. For larger data assets, allow for a longer time out before retrying Put API operations.

Data records sent to Kinesis Data Firehose are stored for 24 hours from the time they are added to a delivery stream as it attempts to send the records to the destination. If the destination is unreachable for more than 24 hours, the data is no longer available.


Don't concatenate two or more base64 strings to form the data fields of your records. Instead, concatenate the raw data, then perform base64 encoding.

Request Syntax

{ "DeliveryStreamName": "string", "Records": [ { "Data": blob } ] }

Request Parameters

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.


The name of the delivery stream.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: [a-zA-Z0-9_.-]+

Required: Yes


One or more records.

Type: Array of Record objects

Array Members: Minimum number of 1 item. Maximum number of 500 items.

Required: Yes

Response Syntax

{ "Encrypted": boolean, "FailedPutCount": number, "RequestResponses": [ { "ErrorCode": "string", "ErrorMessage": "string", "RecordId": "string" } ] }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.


Indicates whether server-side encryption (SSE) was enabled during this operation.

Type: Boolean


The number of records that might have failed processing. This number might be greater than 0 even if the PutRecordBatch call succeeds. Check FailedPutCount to determine whether there are records that you need to resend.

Type: Integer

Valid Range: Minimum value of 0.


The results array. For each record, the index of the response element is the same as the index used in the request array.

Type: Array of PutRecordBatchResponseEntry objects

Array Members: Minimum number of 1 item. Maximum number of 500 items.


For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.


The specified input parameter has a value that is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400


Kinesis Data Firehose throws this exception when an attempt to put records or to start or stop delivery stream encryption fails. This happens when the KMS service throws one of the following exception types: AccessDeniedException, InvalidStateException, DisabledException, or NotFoundException.

HTTP Status Code: 400


The specified resource could not be found.

HTTP Status Code: 400


The service is unavailable. Back off and retry the operation. If you continue to see the exception, throughput limits for the delivery stream may have been exceeded. For more information about limits and how to request an increase, see Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose Limits.

HTTP Status Code: 500



The following JSON puts two records in the delivery stream named some_delivery_stream:

Sample Request

POST / HTTP/1.1 Host: firehose.<region>.<domain> Content-Length: <PayloadSizeBytes> User-Agent: <UserAgentString> Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Authorization: <AuthParams> Connection: Keep-Alive X-Amz-Date: <Date> X-Amz-Target: Firehose_20150804.PutRecordBatch { "DeliveryStreamName": "some_delivery_stream", "Records": [ { "Data": "Some data blob." }, { "Data": "Another blob of data." } ] }

Sample Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amzn-RequestId: <RequestId> Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Content-Length: <PayloadSizeBytes> Date: <Date> { "FailedPutCount": 0, "RequestResponses": [ { "RecordId": "AJJBALlfiFN9HyhPj6Dc+XqcRlTjqyIbr927TsEmWWpN39EK/JbRTbXDZFNCCrWIs/4YUd3gjYUs6giZn76TuI4vv0ljDOMFJvLzqLuupu93RscZRmpW1CP8DeiFzJJGvqIr1LRE/MDozYenOz+v1ZIqEjECvfMwIz6silvDaGuYtIhVzwd8yWaDGFCX4ODes6W07W9W7Q5ViMPUKSt6F0nn7OhVkJ3/" }, { "RecordId": "goGaFS919Mmv7lYET0oMaw+UL9iFpzi1O0o+csoIc31SmvkqpwzQuT0RPqZ7QqfR1FJ+HxJciW/8paFMWPByJ6qVDhiE7TtJxARKaP4YDccvWHXhD7x6Y4bc9AHZ0uzy+BEuTTnH5Zsip1IrEPgu8lj8a7fd6sluTe/kZ54GVG+Sc105IrxIu08kPbRiUTWL+Wg0A3HzOQeePqokRKKqmoXLG0pzx/8O" } ] }

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific Amazon SDKs, see the following: