HTTP - Amazon IoT Core
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HTTP

The HTTPS (http) action sends data from an MQTT message to a web application or service.

Requirements

This rule action has the following requirements:

Parameters

When you create an Amazon IoT rule with this action, you must specify the following information:

url

The HTTPS endpoint where the message is sent using the HTTP POST method. If you use an IP address in place of a hostname, it must be an IPv4 address. IPv6 addresses are not supported.

Supports substitution templates: Yes

confirmationUrl

(Optional) If specified, Amazon IoT uses the confirmation URL to create a matching topic rule destination. You must enable the topic rule destination before using it in an HTTP action. For more information, see Working with HTTP topic rule destinations. If you use substitution templates, you must manually create topic rule destinations before the http action can be used. confirmationUrl must be a prefix of url.

The relationship between url and confirmationUrl is described by the following:

  • If url is hardcoded and confirmationUrl is not provided, we implicitly treat the url field as the confirmationUrl. Amazon IoT creates a topic rule destination for url.

  • If url and confirmationUrl are hardcoded, url must begin with confirmationUrl. Amazon IoT creates a topic rule destination for confirmationUrl.

  • If url contains a substitution template, you must specify confirmationUrl and url must begin with confirmationUrl. If confirmationUrl contains substitution templates, you must manually create topic rule destinations before the http action can be used. If confirmationUrl does not contain substitution templates, Amazon IoT creates a topic rule destination for confirmationUrl.

Supports substitution templates: Yes

headers

(Optional) The list of headers to include in HTTP requests to the endpoint. Each header must contain the following information:

key

The key of the header.

Supports substitution templates: No

value

The value of the header.

Supports substitution templates: Yes

Note

The default content type is application/json when the payload is in JSON format. Otherwise, it is application/octet-stream. You can overwrite it by specifying the exact content type in the header with the key content-type (case insensitive).

auth

(Optional) The authentication used by the rules engine to connect to the endpoint URL specified in the url argument. Currently, Signature Version 4 is the only supported authentication type. For more information, see HTTP Authorization.

Supports substitution templates: No

Examples

The following JSON example defines an Amazon IoT rule with an HTTP action.

{ "topicRulePayload": { "sql": "SELECT * FROM 'some/topic'", "ruleDisabled": false, "awsIotSqlVersion": "2016-03-23", "actions": [ { "http": { "url": "https://www.example.com/subpath", "confirmationUrl": "https://www.example.com", "headers": [ { "key": "static_header_key", "value": "static_header_value" }, { "key": "substitutable_header_key", "value": "${value_from_payload}" } ] } } ] } }

HTTP action retry logic

The Amazon IoT rules engine retries the HTTP action according to these rules:

  • The rules engine tries to send a message at least once.

  • The rules engine retries at most twice. The maximum number of tries is three.

  • The rules engine does not attempt a retry if:

    • The previous try provided a response larger than 16384 bytes.

    • The downstream web service or application closes the TCP connection after the try.

    • The total time to complete a request with retries exceeded the request timeout limit.

    • The request returns an HTTP status code other than 429, 500-599.

Note

Standard data transfer costs apply to retries.

See also