Jobs workflow - Amazon IoT Core
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Jobs workflow

The following shows the different steps in the jobs workflow from starting a new job to reporting the completion status of a job execution.

Start a new job

When a new job is created, Amazon IoT Jobs publishes a message on the $aws/things/thing-name/jobs/notify topic for each target device.

The message contains the following information:

{ "timestamp":1476214217017, "jobs":{ "QUEUED":[{ "jobId":"0001", "queuedAt":1476214216981, "lastUpdatedAt":1476214216981, "versionNumber" : 1 }] } }

The device receives this message on the '$aws/things/thingName/jobs/notify' topic when the job execution is queued.


For jobs with the optional SchedulingConfig, the job will maintain an initial status state of SCHEDULED. When the job reaches the selected startTime, the following will occur:

  • The job status state will update to IN_PROGRESS.

  • The job will begin rollout of the job document to all devices in the target group.

Get job information

To get more information about a job execution, the device calls the DescribeJobExecution MQTT API with the includeJobDocument field set to true (the default).

If the request is successful, the Amazon IoT Jobs service publishes a message on the $aws/things/MyThing/jobs/0023/get/accepted topic:

{ "clientToken" : "client-001", "timestamp" : 1489097434407, "execution" : { "approximateSecondsBeforeTimedOut": number, "jobId" : "023", "status" : "QUEUED", "queuedAt" : 1489097374841, "lastUpdatedAt" : 1489097374841, "versionNumber" : 1, "jobDocument" : { < contents of job document > } } }

If the request fails, the Amazon IoT Jobs service publishes a message on the $aws/things/MyThing/jobs/0023/get/rejected topic.

The device now has the job document that it can use to perform the remote operations for the job. If the job document contains an Amazon S3 presigned URL, the device can use that URL to download any required files for the job.

Report job execution status

As the device is executing the job, it can call the UpdateJobExecution MQTT API to update the status of the job execution.

For example, a device can update the job execution status to IN_PROGRESS by publishing the following message on the $aws/things/MyThing/jobs/0023/update topic:

{ "status":"IN_PROGRESS", "statusDetails": { "progress":"50%" }, "expectedVersion":"1", "clientToken":"client001" }

Jobs respond by publishing a message to the $aws/things/MyThing/jobs/0023/update/accepted or $aws/things/MyThing/jobs/0023/update/rejected topic:

{ "clientToken":"client001", "timestamp":1476289222841 }

The device can combine the two previous requests by calling StartNextPendingJobExecution. That gets and starts the next pending job execution and allows the device to update the job execution status. This request also returns the job document when there is a job execution pending.

If the job contains a TimeoutConfig, the in-progress timer starts running. You can also set a step timer for a job execution by setting a value for stepTimeoutInMinutes when you call UpdateJobExecution. The step timer applies only to the job execution that you update. You can set a new value for this timer each time you update a job execution. You can also create a step timer when you call StartNextPendingJobExecution. If the job execution remains in the IN_PROGRESS status for longer than the step timer interval, it fails and switches to the terminal TIMED_OUT status. The step timer has no effect on the in-progress timer that you set when you create a job.

The status field can be set to IN_PROGRESS, SUCCEEDED, or FAILED. You cannot update the status of a job execution that is already in a terminal state.

Report execution completed

When the device is finished executing the job, it calls the UpdateJobExecution MQTT API. If the job was successful, set status to SUCCEEDED and, in the message payload, in statusDetails, add other information about the job as name-value pairs. The in-progress and step timers end when the job execution is complete.

For example:

{ "status":"SUCCEEDED", "statusDetails": { "progress":"100%" }, "expectedVersion":"2", "clientToken":"client-001" }

If the job was not successful, set status to FAILED and, in statusDetails, add information about the error that occurred:

{ "status":"FAILED", "statusDetails": { "errorCode":"101", "errorMsg":"Unable to install update" }, "expectedVersion":"2", "clientToken":"client-001" }

The statusDetails attribute can contain any number of name-value pairs.

When the Amazon IoT Jobs service receives this update, it publishes a message on the $aws/things/MyThing/jobs/notify topic to indicate that the job execution is complete:

{ "timestamp":1476290692776, "jobs":{} }

Additional jobs

If there are other job executions pending for the device, they are included in the message published to $aws/things/MyThing/jobs/notify.

For example:

{ "timestamp":1476290692776, "jobs":{ "QUEUED":[{ "jobId":"0002", "queuedAt":1476290646230, "lastUpdatedAt":1476290646230 }], "IN_PROGRESS":[{ "jobId":"0003", "queuedAt":1476290646230, "lastUpdatedAt":1476290646230 }] } }