Preparing security - Amazon IoT Core
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Preparing security

This section discusses the main security requirements for Amazon IoT Device Management Software Package Catalog.

Resource-based authentication

Software Package Catalog uses resource-based authorization to provide added security when updating software on your fleet. This means that you must create an Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policy that grants rights to perform create, read, update, delete, and list actions for software packages and package versions, and reference the specific software packages and package versions that you want to deploy in the Resources section. You also need these rights so that you can update the reserved named shadow. You reference the software packages and package versions by including an Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for each entity.


If you intend the policy to grant rights for package version API calls (such as CreatePackageVersion, UpdatePackageVersion, DeletePackageVersion), then you need to include both the software package and the package version ARNs in the policy. If you intend the policy to grant rights for software package API calls (such as CreatePackage, UpdatePackage, and DeletePackage) then you must include only the software package ARN in the policy.

Structure the software package and package version ARNs as follows:

  • Software package: arn:aws:iot:<region>:<accountID>:package/<packageName>/package

  • Package version: arn:aws:iot:<region>:<accountID>:package/<packageName>/version/<versionName>


There are other related rights that you might include in this policy. For example, you might include an ARN for the job, thinggroup, and jobtemplate. For more information and a complete listing of the policy options, see Securing users and devices with Amazon IoT Jobs.

For example, if you have a software package and package version that’s named as follows:

  • Amazon IoT thing: myThing

  • Package name: samplePackage

  • Version 1.0.0

The policy might look like the following example:

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iot:createPackage", "iot:createPackageVersion", "iot:updatePackage", "iot:updatePackageVersion" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iot:us-east-1:111122223333:package/samplePackage", "arn:aws:iot:us-east-1:111122223333:package/samplePackage/version/1.0.0" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iot:GetThingShadow", "iot:UpdateThingShadow" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iot:us-east-1:111122223333:thing/myThing/$package" } ] }

Amazon IoT Job rights to deploy package versions

For security purposes it’s important for you to grant rights to deploy packages and package versions, and name the specific packages and package versions they’re allowed to deploy. To do this, you create an IAM role and policy that grants permission to deploy jobs with package versions. The policy must specify the destination package versions as a resource.

IAM policy

The IAM policy grants the right to create a job that includes the package and version that are named in the Resource section.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iot:CreateJob", "iot:CreateJobTemplate" ], "Resource":[ "arn:aws:iot:*:111122223333:job/<jobId>", "arn:aws:iot:*:111122223333:thing/<thingName>/$package", "arn:aws:iot:*:111122223333:thinggroup/<thingGroupName>", "arn:aws:iot:*:111122223333:jobtemplate/<jobTemplateName>", "arn:aws:iot:*:111122223333:package/<packageName>/version/<versionName>" ] } ] }

If you want to deploy a job that uninstalls a software package and package version, you must authorize an ARN where the package version is $null, such as in the following:


Amazon IoT Job rights to update the reserved named shadow

To allow jobs to update the thing’s reserved name shadow when the job successfully completes, you must create an IAM role and policy. There are two ways you can do this in the Amazon IoT console. The first is when you create a software package in the console. If you see an Enable dependencies for package management dialog box, you can choose to use an existing role or create a new role. Or, in the Amazon IoT console, choose Settings, choose Manage indexing, and then Manage indexing for device packages and versions.


If you choose to have the Amazon IoT Job service update the reserved named shadow when a job successfully completes, the API call is counted toward your Device Shadow and registry operations and can incur a cost. For more information, see Amazon IoT Core pricing.

When you use the Create role option, the generated role’s name begins with aws-iot-role-update-shadows and contains the following policies:

Setting up a role


The permissions policy grants the rights to query and update the thing shadow. The $package parameter in the resource ARN targets the reserved named shadow.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "iot:DescribeEndpoint", "Resource": "" }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iot:GetThingShadow", "iot:UpdateThingShadow" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iot:<regionCode>:111122223333:thing/<thingName>/$package" ] } ] }
Trust relationship

In addition to the permissions policy, the role requires a trust relationship with Amazon IoT Core so that the entity can assume the role and update the reserved named shadow.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "" }, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" } ] }

Setting up a user policy

iam:PassRole permission

Finally, you must have the permission to pass the role to Amazon IoT Core when you call the UpdatePackageConfiguration API operation.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:PassRole", "iot:UpdatePackageConfiguration" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/<roleName>" } ] }

Amazon IoT Jobs permissions to download from Amazon S3

The job document is saved in Amazon S3. You refer to this file when you dispatch through Amazon IoT Jobs. You must provide Amazon IoT Jobs with the rights to download the file (s3:GetObject). You must also set up a trust relationship between Amazon S3 and Amazon IoT Jobs. For instructions to create these policies, see Presigned URLs in Managing Jobs.