Getting started (Scala) - Managed Service for Apache Flink
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China (PDF).

Amazon Managed Service for Apache Flink was previously known as Amazon Kinesis Data Analytics for Apache Flink.

Getting started (Scala)


Starting from version 1.15, Flink is Scala free. Applications can now use the Java API from any Scala version. Flink still uses Scala in a few key components internally, but doesn't expose Scala into the user code classloader. Because of that, you must add Scala dependencies into your JAR-archives.

For more information about Scala changes in Flink 1.15, see Scala Free in One Fifteen.

In this exercise, you create a Managed Service for Apache Flink application application for Scala with a Kinesis stream as a source and a sink.

Create dependent resources

Before you create a Managed Service for Apache Flink application for this exercise, you create the following dependent resources:

  • Two Kinesis streams for input and output.

  • An Amazon S3 bucket to store the application's code (ka-app-code-<username>)

You can create the Kinesis streams and Amazon S3 bucket using the console. For instructions for creating these resources, see the following topics:

  • Creating and Updating Data Streams in the Amazon Kinesis Data Streams Developer Guide. Name your data streams ExampleInputStream and ExampleOutputStream.

    To create the data streams (Amazon CLI)

    • To create the first stream (ExampleInputStream), use the following Amazon Kinesis create-stream Amazon CLI command.

      aws kinesis create-stream \ --stream-name ExampleInputStream \ --shard-count 1 \ --region us-west-2 \ --profile adminuser
    • To create the second stream that the application uses to write output, run the same command, changing the stream name to ExampleOutputStream.

      aws kinesis create-stream \ --stream-name ExampleOutputStream \ --shard-count 1 \ --region us-west-2 \ --profile adminuser
  • How Do I Create an S3 Bucket? in the Amazon Simple Storage Service User Guide. Give the Amazon S3 bucket a globally unique name by appending your login name, such as ka-app-code-<username>.

Other resources

When you create your application, Managed Service for Apache Flink creates the following Amazon CloudWatch resources if they don't already exist:

  • A log group called /AWS/KinesisAnalytics-java/MyApplication

  • A log stream called kinesis-analytics-log-stream

Write sample records to the input stream

In this section, you use a Python script to write sample records to the stream for the application to process.


This section requires the Amazon SDK for Python (Boto).


The Python script in this section uses the Amazon CLI. You must configure your Amazon CLI to use your account credentials and default region. To configure your Amazon CLI, enter the following:

aws configure
  1. Create a file named with the following contents:

    import datetime import json import random import boto3 STREAM_NAME = "ExampleInputStream" def get_data(): return { 'event_time':, 'ticker': random.choice(['AAPL', 'AMZN', 'MSFT', 'INTC', 'TBV']), 'price': round(random.random() * 100, 2)} def generate(stream_name, kinesis_client): while True: data = get_data() print(data) kinesis_client.put_record( StreamName=stream_name, Data=json.dumps(data), PartitionKey="partitionkey") if __name__ == '__main__': generate(STREAM_NAME, boto3.client('kinesis', region_name='us-west-2'))
  2. Run the script:

    $ python

    Keep the script running while completing the rest of the tutorial.

Download and examine the application code

The Python application code for this example is available from GitHub. To download the application code, do the following:

  1. Install the Git client if you haven't already. For more information, see Installing Git.

  2. Clone the remote repository with the following command:

    git clone
  3. Navigate to the amazon-kinesis-data-analytics-java-examples/scala/GettingStarted directory.

Note the following about the application code:

  • A build.sbt file contains information about the application's configuration and dependencies, including the Managed Service for Apache Flink libraries.

  • The BasicStreamingJob.scala file contains the main method that defines the application's functionality.

  • The application uses a Kinesis source to read from the source stream. The following snippet creates the Kinesis source:

    private def createSource: FlinkKinesisConsumer[String] = { val applicationProperties = KinesisAnalyticsRuntime.getApplicationProperties val inputProperties = applicationProperties.get("ConsumerConfigProperties") new FlinkKinesisConsumer[String](inputProperties.getProperty(streamNameKey, defaultInputStreamName), new SimpleStringSchema, inputProperties) }

    The application also uses a Kinesis sink to write into the result stream. The following snippet creates the Kinesis sink:

    private def createSink: KinesisStreamsSink[String] = { val applicationProperties = KinesisAnalyticsRuntime.getApplicationProperties val outputProperties = applicationProperties.get("ProducerConfigProperties") KinesisStreamsSink.builder[String] .setKinesisClientProperties(outputProperties) .setSerializationSchema(new SimpleStringSchema) .setStreamName(outputProperties.getProperty(streamNameKey, defaultOutputStreamName)) .setPartitionKeyGenerator((element: String) => String.valueOf(element.hashCode)) .build }
  • The application creates source and sink connectors to access external resources using a StreamExecutionEnvironment object.

  • The application creates source and sink connectors using dynamic application properties. Runtime application's properties are read to configure the connectors. For more information about runtime properties, see Runtime Properties.

Compile and upload the application code

In this section, you compile and upload your application code to the Amazon S3 bucket you created in the Create dependent resources section.

Compile the Application Code

In this section, you use the SBT build tool to build the Scala code for the application. To install SBT, see Install sbt with cs setup. You also need to install the Java Development Kit (JDK). See Prerequisites for Completing the Exercises.

  1. To use your application code, you compile and package it into a JAR file. You can compile and package your code with SBT:

    sbt assembly
  2. If the application compiles successfully, the following file is created:

Upload the Apache Flink Streaming Scala Code

In this section, you create an Amazon S3 bucket and upload your application code.

  1. Open the Amazon S3 console at

  2. Choose Create bucket

  3. Enter ka-app-code-<username> in the Bucket name field. Add a suffix to the bucket name, such as your user name, to make it globally unique. Choose Next.

  4. In Configure options, keep the settings as they are, and choose Next.

  5. In Set permissions, keep the settings as they are, and choose Next.

  6. Choose Create bucket.

  7. Choose the ka-app-code-<username> bucket, and then choose Upload.

  8. In the Select files step, choose Add files. Navigate to the getting-started-scala-1.0.jar file that you created in the previous step.

  9. You don't need to change any of the settings for the object, so choose Upload.

Your application code is now stored in an Amazon S3 bucket where your application can access it.