Logging MediaConvert API calls with Amazon CloudTrail - MediaConvert
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Logging MediaConvert API calls with Amazon CloudTrail

MediaConvert is integrated with Amazon CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an Amazon service in MediaConvert. CloudTrail captures all API calls for MediaConvert as events, including calls from the MediaConvert console and from code calls to the MediaConvert APIs. If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon S3 bucket, including events for MediaConvert. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to MediaConvert, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

To learn more about CloudTrail, see the Amazon CloudTrail User Guide.

MediaConvert information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is enabled on your Amazon account when you create the account. When activity occurs in MediaConvert, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other Amazon service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your Amazon account. For more information, see Viewing events with CloudTrail event history.

For an ongoing record of events in your Amazon account, including events for MediaConvert, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an Amazon S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all regions. The trail logs events from all regions in the Amazon partition and delivers the log files to the Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other Amazon services to further analyze and act upon the event data collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see:

All MediaConvert actions are logged by CloudTrail and are documented in the AWS Elemental MediaConvert API reference. For example, calls to the DeleteQueue, CreateQueue, and TagResource operations generate entries in the CloudTrail log files.

Every event or log entry contains information about who generated the request. The identity information helps you determine the following:

  • Whether the request was made with root or IAM user credentials.

  • Whether the request was made with temporary security credentials for a role or federated user.

  • Whether the request was made by another Amazon service.

For more information, see the CloudTrail userIdentity element.

Understanding MediaConvert log file entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source and includes information about the requested action, the date and time of the action, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files are not an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they do not appear in any specific order.

The following examples show CloudTrail log entries that demonstrate the DeleteQueue, CreateQueue, and TagResource actions.

Example log entry: DeleteQueue

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/testuser", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "userName": "testuser", "sessionContext": { "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2018-07-10T14:01:57Z" } }, "invokedBy": "signin.amazonaws.com" }, "eventTime": "2018-07-10T15:36:29Z", "eventSource": "mediaconvert.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeleteQueue", "awsRegion": "eu-west-1", "sourceIPAddress": "203.0.113.0.186", "userAgent": "signin.amazonaws.com", "requestParameters": { "name": "8" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "03691738-8457-11e8-a138-2b67258eef82", "eventID": "e7d85e26-6c96-4242-80f8-6c8074c26253", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

Example log entry: CreateQueue

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/jeremyj", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "userName": "testUser", "sessionContext": { "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2018-07-10T14:01:57Z" } }, "invokedBy": "signin.amazonaws.com" }, "eventTime": "2018-07-10T16:49:13Z", "eventSource": "mediaconvert.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateQueue", "awsRegion": "eu-west-1", "sourceIPAddress": "54.240.197.6", "userAgent": "signin.amazonaws.com", "requestParameters": { "name": "TestTag2", "description": "", "tags": {} }, "responseElements": { "queue": { "arn": "arn:aws:mediaconvert:eu-west-1:111122223333:queues/TestTag2", "createdAt": 1531241353, "lastUpdated": 1531241353, "type": "CUSTOM", "status": "ACTIVE", "description": "", "name": "TestTag2", "submittedJobsCount": 0, "progressingJobsCount": 0 } }, "requestID": "2ccb3914-8461-11e8-bcb3-8578a1397527", "eventID": "a0ff791e-e676-4070-a296-67ecdaa662b1", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }

Example log entry: TagResource

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/testuser", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "userName": "testuser" }, "eventTime": "2018-07-10T18:44:27Z", "eventSource": "mediaconvert.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "TagResource", "awsRegion": "eu-west-1", "sourceIPAddress": "203.0.113.0.186", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/67.0.3396.99 Safari/537.36", "requestParameters": { "arn": "arn:aws:mediaconvert:eu-west-1:111122223333:queues/1", "Tags": { "CostCenter": "BU-Test" } }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "462fd283-8471-11e8-b353-03144533ee8a", "eventID": "3364cb1b-79c8-4081-9aa0-1b0677349d5e", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" } }