Data protection in Amazon ParallelCluster - Amazon ParallelCluster
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China (PDF).

Data protection in Amazon ParallelCluster

The Amazon shared responsibility model applies to data protection in Amazon ParallelCluster. As described in this model, Amazon is responsible for protecting the global infrastructure that runs all of the Amazon Web Services Cloud. You are responsible for maintaining control over your content that is hosted on this infrastructure. This content includes the security configuration and management tasks for the Amazon Web Services that you use. For more information about data privacy, see the Data Privacy FAQ.

For data protection purposes, we recommend that you protect Amazon Web Services account credentials and set up individual users with Amazon IAM Identity Center or Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM). That way, each user is given only the permissions necessary to fulfill their job duties. We also recommend that you secure your data in the following ways:

  • Use multi-factor authentication (MFA) with each account.

  • Use SSL/TLS to communicate with Amazon resources. We require TLS 1.2 and recommend TLS 1.3.

  • Set up API and user activity logging with Amazon CloudTrail.

  • Use Amazon encryption solutions, along with all default security controls within Amazon Web Services.

  • Use advanced managed security services such as Amazon Macie, which assists in discovering and securing sensitive data that is stored in Amazon S3.

  • If you require FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules when accessing Amazon through a command line interface or an API, use a FIPS endpoint. For more information about the available FIPS endpoints, see Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-2.

We strongly recommend that you never put confidential or sensitive information, such as your customers' email addresses, into tags or free-form text fields such as a Name field. This includes when you work with Amazon ParallelCluster or other Amazon Web Services using the console, API, Amazon CLI, or Amazon SDKs. Any data that you enter into tags or free-form text fields used for names may be used for billing or diagnostic logs. If you provide a URL to an external server, we strongly recommend that you do not include credentials information in the URL to validate your request to that server.

Data encryption

A key feature of any secure service is that information is encrypted when it is not being actively used.

Encryption at rest

Amazon ParallelCluster does not itself store any customer data other than the credentials it needs to interact with the Amazon services on the user's behalf.

For data on the nodes in the cluster, data can be encrypted at rest.

For Amazon EBS volumes, encryption is configured using the ebs_kms_key_id settings in the [ebs] section for Amazon ParallelCluster version 2.x.) For more information, see Amazon EBS encryption in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

For Amazon EFS volumes, encryption is configured using the encrypted and efs_kms_key_id settings in the [efs] section in Amazon ParallelCluster version 2.x). For more information, see How encryption at rest works in the Amazon Elastic File System User Guide.

For FSx for Lustre file systems, encryption of data at rest is automatically enabled when creating an Amazon FSx file system. For more information, see Encrypting data at rest in the Amazon FSx for Lustre User Guide.

For instance types with NVMe volumes, the data on NVMe instance store volumes is encrypted using an XTS-AES-256 cipher implemented on a hardware module on the instance. The encryption keys are generated using the hardware module and are unique to each NVMe instance storage device. All encryption keys are destroyed when the instance is stopped or terminated and cannot be recovered. You cannot disable this encryption and you cannot provide your own encryption key. For more information, see Encryption at rest in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

If you use Amazon ParallelCluster to invoke an Amazon service that transmits customer data to your local computer for storage, then refer to the Security and Compliance chapter in that service's User Guide for information on how that data is stored, protected, and encrypted.

Encryption in transit

By default, all data transmitted from the client computer running Amazon ParallelCluster and Amazon service endpoints is encrypted by sending everything through a HTTPS/TLS connection. Traffic between the nodes in the cluster can be automatically encrypted, depending on the instance types selected. For more information, see Encryption in transit in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

See also