Getting started (SDK for Python (Boto3)) - Amazon Personalize
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Getting started (SDK for Python (Boto3))

This tutorial shows you how to complete the Amazon Personalize workflow from start to finish with the SDK for Python (Boto3).

To avoid incurring unnecessary charges, when you finish this getting started exercise delete the resources you create in this tutorial. For more information, see Cleaning up resources.


The following are prerequisite steps for using the Python examples in this guide:

  • Complete the Getting started prerequisites to set up the required permissions and create the training data. If you are using your own source data, make sure that your data is formatted like the prerequisites.

  • Set up your Amazon SDK for Python (Boto3) environment as specified in Setting up the Amazon SDKs.


In the following steps, you verify your environment and create SDK for Python (Boto3) clients for Amazon Personalize. Then you import data, create and deploy a solution version with a campaign, and get recommendations.

After you complete the prerequisites, run the following Python example to confirm that your environment is configured correctly. This code also creates the Amazon Personalize boto3 clients you use in this tutorial. If your environment is configured correctly, a list of the available recipes is displayed, and you can run the other examples in this tutorial.

import boto3 personalizeRt = boto3.client('personalize-runtime') personalize = boto3.client('personalize') response = personalize.list_recipes() for recipe in response['recipes']: print (recipe)

After you create Amazon Personalize boto3 clients and verify your environment, import the historical data you created when you completed the Getting started prerequisites. To import historical data into Amazon Personalize, do the following:

  1. Use the following code to create a schema in Amazon Personalize. Replace getting-started-schema with a name for the schema.

    import json schema = { "type": "record", "name": "Interactions", "namespace": "com.amazonaws.personalize.schema", "fields": [ { "name": "USER_ID", "type": "string" }, { "name": "ITEM_ID", "type": "string" }, { "name": "TIMESTAMP", "type": "long" } ], "version": "1.0" } create_interactions_schema_response = personalize.create_schema( name='getting-started-schema', schema=json.dumps(schema) ) interactions_schema_arn = create_interactions_schema_response['schemaArn'] print(json.dumps(create_interactions_schema_response, indent=2))
  2. Create a dataset group with the following code. Replace dataset group name with a name for the dataset group.

    response = personalize.create_dataset_group(name = 'dataset group name') dataset_group_arn = response['datasetGroupArn'] description = personalize.describe_dataset_group(datasetGroupArn = dataset_group_arn)['datasetGroup'] print('Name: ' + description['name']) print('ARN: ' + description['datasetGroupArn']) print('Status: ' + description['status'])
  3. Create an Item interactions dataset in your new dataset group with the following code. Give the dataset a name and provide the schema_arn and dataset_group_arn from the previous steps.

    response = personalize.create_dataset( name = 'datase_name', schemaArn = 'schema_arn', datasetGroupArn = 'dataset_group_arn', datasetType = 'Interactions' ) dataset_arn = response['datasetArn']
  4. Import your data with a dataset import job with the following code. The code uses the describe_dataset_import_job method to track the status of the job.

    Pass the following as parameters: a name for the job, the dataset_arn from the previous step, the Amazon S3 bucket path (s3://bucket name/folder name/ratings.csv) where you stored the training data, and your IAM service role's ARN. You created this role as part of the Getting started prerequisites. Amazon Personalize needs permission to access the bucket. See Giving Amazon Personalize access to Amazon S3 resources.

    import time response = personalize.create_dataset_import_job( jobName = 'JobName', datasetArn = 'dataset_arn', dataSource = {'dataLocation':'s3://bucket/file.csv'}, roleArn = 'role_arn', importMode = 'FULL' ) dataset_interactions_import_job_arn = response['datasetImportJobArn'] description = personalize.describe_dataset_import_job( datasetImportJobArn = dataset_interactions_import_job_arn)['datasetImportJob'] print('Name: ' + description['jobName']) print('ARN: ' + description['datasetImportJobArn']) print('Status: ' + description['status']) max_time = time.time() + 3*60*60 # 3 hours while time.time() < max_time: describe_dataset_import_job_response = personalize.describe_dataset_import_job( datasetImportJobArn = dataset_interactions_import_job_arn ) status = describe_dataset_import_job_response["datasetImportJob"]['status'] print("Interactions DatasetImportJob: {}".format(status)) if status == "ACTIVE" or status == "CREATE FAILED": break time.sleep(60)

After importing your data, you create a solution and solution version as follows. The solution contains the configurations to train a model and a solution version is a trained model.

  1. Create a new solution with the following code. Pass the following as parameters: the dataset_group_arn from earlier, a name for the solution, and the ARN for the User-Personalization recipe (arn:aws:personalize:::recipe/aws-user-personalization). Store the ARN of your new solution for later use.

    create_solution_response = personalize.create_solution( name='solution name', recipeArn= 'arn:aws:personalize:::recipe/aws-user-personalization', datasetGroupArn = 'dataset group arn' ) solution_arn = create_solution_response['solutionArn'] print('solution_arn: ', solution_arn)
  2. Create a solution version with the following code. Pass as a parameter the solution_arn from the previous step. The following code creates a solution version. During training, the code uses the DescribeSolutionVersion operation to retrieve the solution version's status. When training is complete, the method returns the ARN of your new solution version. Store it for later use.

    import time import json create_solution_version_response = personalize.create_solution_version( solutionArn = solution_arn ) solution_version_arn = create_solution_version_response['solutionVersionArn'] print(json.dumps(create_solution_version_response, indent=2)) max_time = time.time() + 3*60*60 # 3 hours while time.time() < max_time: describe_solution_version_response = personalize.describe_solution_version( solutionVersionArn = solution_version_arn ) status = describe_solution_version_response["solutionVersion"]["status"] print("SolutionVersion: {}".format(status)) if status == "ACTIVE" or status == "CREATE FAILED": break time.sleep(60)

After you create your solution version, deploy it with an Amazon Personalize campaign. Use the following code to create a campaign that deploys your solution version. Pass the following as parameters: the solution_version_arn, and a name for the campaign. The method returns the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of your new campaign. Store it for later use.

response = personalize.create_campaign( name = 'campaign name', solutionVersionArn = 'solution version arn' ) arn = response['campaignArn'] description = personalize.describe_campaign(campaignArn = arn)['campaign'] print('Name: ' + description['name']) print('ARN: ' + description['campaignArn']) print('Status: ' + description['status'])

After you create a campaign, you can use it to get recommendations. The following code shows how to get recommendations from a campaign and print out each recommended item's ID. Pass the ARN of the campaign you created in the previous step. For user ID, you pass the ID of a user that from the training data, such as 123.

response = personalizeRt.get_recommendations( campaignArn = 'Campaign ARN', userId = '123', numResults = 10 ) print("Recommended items") for item in response['itemList']: print (item['itemId'])

Getting started using Amazon Personalize APIs with Jupyter (iPython) notebooks

To get started using Amazon Personalize using Jupyter notebooks, clone or download a series of notebooks found in the getting_started folder of the Amazon Personalize samples repository. The notebooks walk you through importing training data, creating a solution, creating a campaign, and getting recommendations using Amazon Personalize.


Before starting with the notebooks, make sure to build your environment following the steps in the