ALTER EXTERNAL VIEW (preview) - Amazon Redshift
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ALTER EXTERNAL VIEW (preview)

This is prerelease documentation views in Data Catalog for Amazon Redshift, which is in preview release. The documentation and the feature are both subject to change. We recommend that you use this feature only with test clusters, and not in production environments. For preview terms and conditions, see Beta and Previews in Amazon Service Terms.

You can create an Amazon Redshift cluster in Preview to test new features of Amazon Redshift. You can't use those features in production or move your Preview cluster to a production cluster or a cluster on another track. For preview terms and conditions, see Beta and Previews in Amazon Service Terms.

To create a cluster in Preview
  1. Sign in to the Amazon Web Services Management Console and open the Amazon Redshift console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/redshift/.

  2. On the navigation menu, choose Provisioned clusters dashboard, and choose Clusters. The clusters for your account in the current Amazon Web Services Region are listed. A subset of properties of each cluster is displayed in columns in the list.

  3. A banner displays on the Clusters list page that introduces preview. Choose the button Create preview cluster to open the create cluster page.

  4. Enter properties for your cluster. Choose the Preview track that contains the features you want to test. We recommend entering a name for the cluster that indicates that it is on a preview track. Choose options for your cluster, including options labeled as -preview, for the features you want to test. For general information about creating clusters, see Creating a cluster in the Amazon Redshift Management Guide.

  5. Choose Create cluster to create a cluster in preview.

    Note

    The preview_2023 track is the most recent preview track available. This track supports creating clusters with RA3 node types only. Node types DC2 and DS2 and any older node type is not supported.

  6. When your preview cluster is available, use your SQL client to load and query data.

The Data Catalog views preview feature is available only in the following Regions.

  • US East (Ohio) (us-east-2)

  • US East (N. Virginia) (us-east-1)

  • US West (N. California) (us-west-1)

  • Asia Pacific (Tokyo) (ap-northeast-1)

  • Europe (Ireland) (eu-west-1)

  • Europe (Stockholm) (eu-north-1)

You can also create a preview workgroup to test Data Catalog views. You can't use those features in production or move your workgroup to another workgroup. For preview terms and conditions, see Beta and Previews in Amazon Service Terms. For instructions on how to create a preview workgroup, see https://docs.amazonaws.cn/redshift/latest/mgmt/serverless-workgroup-preview.html.

Use the ALTER EXTERNAL VIEW command to update your external view. Depending on which parameters you use, other SQL engines such as Amazon Athena and Amazon EMR Spark that can also reference this view might be affected. For more information about Data Catalog views, see Creating Data Catalog views (preview).

Syntax

ALTER EXTERNAL VIEW schema_name.view_name {catalog_name.schema_name.view_name | awsdatacatalog.dbname.view_name | external_schema_name.view_name} [FORCE] { AS (query_definition) | REMOVE DEFINITION }

Parameters

schema_name.view_name

The schema that’s attached to your Amazon Glue database, followed by the name of the view.

catalog_name.schema_name.view_name | awsdatacatalog.dbname.view_name | external_schema_name.view_name

The notation of the schema to use when altering the view. You can specify to use the Amazon Glue Data Catalog, a Glue database that you created, or an external schema that you created. See CREATE DATABASE and CREATE EXTERNAL SCHEMA for more information.

FORCE

Whether Amazon Lake Formation should update the definition of the view even if the objects referenced in the table are inconsistent with other SQL engines. If Lake Formation updates the view, the view is considered stale for the other SQL engines until those engines are updated as well.

AS query_definition

The definition of the SQL query that Amazon Redshift runs to alter the view.

REMOVE DEFINITION

Whether to drop and recreate the views. Views must be dropped and recreated to mark them as PROTECTED.

Examples

The following example alters a Data Catalog view named sample_schema.glue_data_catalog_view.

ALTER EXTERNAL VIEW sample_schema.glue_data_catalog_view FORCE REMOVE DEFINITION