CREATE EXTERNAL VIEW (preview) - Amazon Redshift
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CREATE EXTERNAL VIEW (preview)

This is prerelease documentation views in Data Catalog for Amazon Redshift, which is in preview release. The documentation and the feature are both subject to change. We recommend that you use this feature only with test clusters, and not in production environments. For preview terms and conditions, see Beta and Previews in Amazon Service Terms.

You can create an Amazon Redshift cluster in Preview to test new features of Amazon Redshift. You can't use those features in production or move your Preview cluster to a production cluster or a cluster on another track. For preview terms and conditions, see Beta and Previews in Amazon Service Terms.

To create a cluster in Preview
  1. Sign in to the Amazon Web Services Management Console and open the Amazon Redshift console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/redshift/.

  2. On the navigation menu, choose Provisioned clusters dashboard, and choose Clusters. The clusters for your account in the current Amazon Web Services Region are listed. A subset of properties of each cluster is displayed in columns in the list.

  3. A banner displays on the Clusters list page that introduces preview. Choose the button Create preview cluster to open the create cluster page.

  4. Enter properties for your cluster. Choose the Preview track that contains the features you want to test. We recommend entering a name for the cluster that indicates that it is on a preview track. Choose options for your cluster, including options labeled as -preview, for the features you want to test. For general information about creating clusters, see Creating a cluster in the Amazon Redshift Management Guide.

  5. Choose Create cluster to create a cluster in preview.

    Note

    The preview_2023 track is the most recent preview track available. This track supports creating clusters with RA3 node types only. Node types DC2 and DS2 and any older node type is not supported.

  6. When your preview cluster is available, use your SQL client to load and query data.

The Data Catalog views preview feature is available only in the following Regions.

  • US East (Ohio) (us-east-2)

  • US East (N. Virginia) (us-east-1)

  • US West (N. California) (us-west-1)

  • Asia Pacific (Tokyo) (ap-northeast-1)

  • Europe (Ireland) (eu-west-1)

  • Europe (Stockholm) (eu-north-1)

You can also create a preview workgroup to test Data Catalog views. You can't use those features in production or move your workgroup to another workgroup. For preview terms and conditions, see Beta and Previews in Amazon Service Terms. For instructions on how to create a preview workgroup, see https://docs.amazonaws.cn/redshift/latest/mgmt/serverless-workgroup-preview.html.

Creates a view in the Data Catalog. Data Catalog views are a single view schema that works with other SQL engines such as Amazon Athena and Amazon EMR. You can query the view from your choice of engine. For more information about Data Catalog views, see Creating Data Catalog views (preview).

Syntax

CREATE EXTERNAL VIEW schema_name.view_name [ IF NOT EXISTS ] {catalog_name.schema_name.view_name | awsdatacatalog.dbname.view_name | external_schema_name.view_name} AS query_definition;

Parameters

schema_name.view_name

The schema that’s attached to your Amazon Glue database, followed by the name of the view.

PROTECTED

Specifies that the CREATE EXTERNAL VIEW command should only complete if the query within the query_definition can successfully complete.

IF NOT EXISTS

Creates the view if the view doesn’t already exist.

catalog_name.schema_name.view_name | awsdatacatalog.dbname.view_name | external_schema_name.view_name

The notation of the schema to use when creating the view. You can specify to use the Amazon Glue Data Catalog, a Glue database that you created, or an external schema that you created. See CREATE DATABASE and CREATE EXTERNAL SCHEMA for more information.

query_definition

The definition of the SQL query that Amazon Redshift runs to alter the view.

Examples

The following example creates a Data Catalog view named sample_schema.glue_data_catalog_view.

CREATE EXTERNAL PROTECTED VIEW sample_schema.glue_data_catalog_view IF NOT EXISTS AS SELECT * FROM sample_database.remote_table "remote-table-name";