Tutorial: Examining state machine executions using the Step Functions console - Amazon Step Functions
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Tutorial: Examining state machine executions using the Step Functions console

In this tutorial, you will learn how to inspect the execution information displayed on the Execution Details page and view the reason for a failed execution. Then, you'll learn how to access different iterations of a Map state execution. Finally, you'll learn how to configure the columns on the Table view and apply suitable filters to view only the information of interest to you.

In this tutorial, you create a Standard type state machine, which obtains the price of a set of fruits. To do this, the state machine uses three Amazon Lambda functions which return a random list of four fruits, the price of each fruit, and the average cost of the fruits. The Lambda functions are designed to throw an error if the price of the fruits is less than or equal to a threshold value.

Note

While the following procedure contains instructions for how to examine the details of a Standard workflow execution, you can also examine the details for Express workflow executions. For information about the differences between the execution details for Standard and Express workflow types, see Standard and Express Workflow executions in the console.

Step 1: Create and test the required Lambda functions

  1. Open the Lambda console and then perform steps 1 through 4 in the Step 1: Create a Lambda Function section. Make sure to name the Lambda function GetListOfFruits.

  2. After you create your Lambda function, copy the function's Amazon Resource Name (ARN) displayed in the upper-right corner of the page. To copy the ARN, click the 
                            icon to copy the Lambda function's Amazon Resource Name
                        . The following is an example ARN, where function-name is the name of the Lambda function (in this case, GetListOfFruits):

    arn:aws-cn:lambda:us-east-1:123456789012:function:function-name
  3. Copy the following code for the Lambda function into the Code source area of the GetListOfFruits page.

    function getRandomSubarray(arr, size) { var shuffled = arr.slice(0), i = arr.length, temp, index; while (i--) { index = Math.floor((i + 1) * Math.random()); temp = shuffled[index]; shuffled[index] = shuffled[i]; shuffled[i] = temp; } return shuffled.slice(0, size); } exports.handler = async function(event, context) { const fruits = ['Abiu','Açaí','Acerola','Ackee','African cucumber','Apple','Apricot','Avocado','Banana','Bilberry','Blackberry','Blackcurrant','Jostaberry']; const errorChance = 45; const waitTime = Math.floor( 100 * Math.random() ); await new Promise( r => setTimeout(() => r(), waitTime)); const num = Math.floor( 100 * Math.random() ); // const num = 51; if (num <= errorChance) { throw(new Error('Error')); } return getRandomSubarray(fruits, 4); };
  4. Choose Deploy, and then choose Test, to deploy the changes and see the output of your Lambda function.

  5. Create two additional Lambda functions, named GetFruitPrice and CalculateAverage respectively, with the following steps:

    1. Copy the following code into the Code source area of the GetFruitPrice Lambda function:

      exports.handler = async function(event, context) { const errorChance = 0; const waitTime = Math.floor( 100 * Math.random() ); await new Promise( r => setTimeout(() => r(), waitTime)); const num = Math.floor( 100 * Math.random() ); if (num <= errorChance) { throw(new Error('Error')); } return Math.floor(Math.random()*100)/10; };
    2. Copy the following code into the Code source area of the CalculateAverage Lambda function:

      function getRandomSubarray(arr, size) { var shuffled = arr.slice(0), i = arr.length, temp, index; while (i--) { index = Math.floor((i + 1) * Math.random()); temp = shuffled[index]; shuffled[index] = shuffled[i]; shuffled[i] = temp; } return shuffled.slice(0, size); } const average = arr => arr.reduce( ( p, c ) => p + c, 0 ) / arr.length; exports.handler = async function(event, context) { const errors = [ "Error getting data from DynamoDB", "Error connecting to DynamoDB", "Network error", "MemoryError - Low memory" ] const errorChance = 0; const waitTime = Math.floor( 100 * Math.random() ); await new Promise( r => setTimeout(() => r(), waitTime)); const num = Math.floor( 100 * Math.random() ); if (num <= errorChance) { throw(new Error(getRandomSubarray(errors, 1)[0])); } return average(event); };
    3. Make sure to copy the ARNs of these two Lambda functions, and then Deploy and Test them.

Step 2: Create and execute the state machine

Use the Step Functions console to create a state machine that invokes the Lambda functions you created in Step 1. In this state machine, three Map states are defined. Each of these Map states contains a Task state that invokes one of your Lambda functions. Additionally, a Retry field is defined in each Task state with a number of retry attempts defined for each state. If a Task state encounters a runtime error, it's executed again up to the number of retry attempts defined for that Task.

  1. Open the Step Functions console and choose Write your workflow in code.

    Important

    Ensure that your state machine is under the same Amazon account and Region as the Lambda function you created earlier.

  2. For Type, keep the default selection of Standard.

  3. Copy the following Amazon States Language definition and paste it under Definition. Make sure to replace the ARNs shown with those of the Lambda functions that you previously created.

    { "StartAt": "LoopOverStores", "States": { "LoopOverStores": { "Type": "Map", "Iterator": { "StartAt": "GetListOfFruits", "States": { "GetListOfFruits": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:states:::lambda:invoke", "OutputPath": "$.Payload", "Parameters": { "FunctionName": "arn:aws-cn:lambda:us-east-1:123456789012:function:GetListofFruits:$LATEST", "Payload": { "storeName.$": "$" } }, "Retry": [ { "ErrorEquals": [ "States.ALL" ], "IntervalSeconds": 2, "MaxAttempts": 1, "BackoffRate": 1.3 } ], "Next": "LoopOverFruits" }, "LoopOverFruits": { "Type": "Map", "Iterator": { "StartAt": "GetFruitPrice", "States": { "GetFruitPrice": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:states:::lambda:invoke", "OutputPath": "$.Payload", "Parameters": { "FunctionName": "arn:aws-cn:lambda:us-east-1:123456789012:function:GetFruitPrice:$LATEST", "Payload": { "fruitName.$": "$" } }, "Retry": [ { "ErrorEquals": [ "States.ALL" ], "IntervalSeconds": 2, "MaxAttempts": 3, "BackoffRate": 1.3 } ], "End": true } } }, "ItemsPath": "$", "End": true } } }, "ItemsPath": "$.stores", "Next": "LoopOverStoreFruitsPrice", "ResultPath": "$.storesFruitsPrice" }, "LoopOverStoreFruitsPrice": { "Type": "Map", "End": true, "Iterator": { "StartAt": "CalculateAverage", "States": { "CalculateAverage": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:states:::lambda:invoke", "OutputPath": "$.Payload", "Parameters": { "FunctionName": "arn:aws-cn:lambda:us-east-1:123456789012:function:Calculate-average:$LATEST", "Payload.$": "$" }, "Retry": [ { "ErrorEquals": [ "States.ALL" ], "IntervalSeconds": 2, "MaxAttempts": 2, "BackoffRate": 1.3 } ], "End": true } } }, "ItemsPath": "$.storesFruitsPrice", "ResultPath": "$.storesPriceAverage", "MaxConcurrency": 1 } } }
  4. Enter a name for your state machine. Keep the default selections for the other options on this page and choose Create state machine.

  5. Open the page titled with your state machine name. Perform steps 1 through 4 in the Step 4: Start a New Execution section, but use the following data as the execution input:

    { "stores": [ "Store A", "Store B", "Store C", "Store D" ] }

Step 3: View the state machine execution details

On the page titled with your execution ID, you can review the results of your execution and debug any errors.

  1. (Optional) Choose from the tabs displayed on the Execution Details page to see the information present in each of them. For example, to view the state machine input and its execution output, choose Execution input & output on the Execution summary section.

  2. If your state machine execution failed, choose Cause or Show step detail on the error message. Details about the error are displayed in the Step details section. Notice that the step that caused the error, which is a Task state named GetListofFruits, is highlighted in the Graph view and Table view.

    Note

    Because the GetListofFruits step is defined inside a Map state, and the step failed to execute successfully, the Status of Map state step is displayed as Failed.

Step 4: Explore the different View modes

You can choose a preferred mode to view either the state machine workflow or the execution event history. Some of the tasks that you can perform in these View modes are as follows:

If your Map state has five iterations and you want to view the execution details for the third and fourth iterations, do the following:

  1. Choose the Map state that you want to view the iteration data for.

  2. From Map iteration viewer, choose the iteration that you want to view. Iterations are counted from zero. To choose the third iteration out of five, choose #2 from the dropdown list next to the Map state's name.

    Note

    If your state machine contains nested Map states, Step Functions displays the parent and child Map state iterations as two separate dropdown lists:

    
                                        Graph view mode component's Map iteration 
                                            viewer, displaying a series of dropdown lists representing the iteration data for 
                                            nested Map states.
  3. (Optional) If one or more of your Map state iterations failed to execute or was stopped in an aborted state, you can view details about the failed iteration. To see these details, choose the affected iteration numbers under Failed or Aborted in the dropdown list.

If your Map state has five iterations and you want to view the execution details for the iteration number three and four, do the following:

  1. Choose the Map state for which you want to view the different iteration data.

  2. In the tree view display of the Map state iterations, choose the row for iteration named #2 for iteration number three. Similarly, choose the row named #3 for iteration number four.

Choose 
                                    Icon to configure columns to display in the
                                            Table view.
                                . Then, in the Preferences dialog box, choose the columns you want to display under Select visible columns.

By default, this mode displays the Name, Type, Status, Resource, and Started After columns.

Limit the amount of information displayed by applying one or more filters based on a property, such as Status, or a date and time range. For example, to view the steps that failed execution, apply the following filter:

  1. Choose Filter by properties or search by keyword, and then choose Status under Properties.

  2. Under Operators, choose Status =.

  3. Choose Status = Failed.

  4. (Optional) Choose Clear filters to remove the applied filters.

Limit the amount of information displayed by applying one or more filters based on a property, such as Type, or a date and time range. For example, to view the Task state steps that failed execution, apply the following filter:

  1. Choose Filter by properties or search by keyword, and then choose Type under Properties.

  2. Under Operators, choose Type =.

  3. Choose Type = TaskFailed.

  4. (Optional) Choose Clear filters to remove the applied filters.

Choose the 
                            icon to show input and output details about a specific event
                                step that appears in a dropdown box
                        next to the ID of a TaskFailed event to inspect its details, including input, output, and resource invocation that appear in a dropdown box.