Interface overview - Amazon Step Functions
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China (PDF).

Interface overview

Workflow Studio for Amazon Step Functions is a low-code visual workflow designer for Step Functions that lets you create serverless workflows by orchestrating Amazon services.

Get to know Workflow Studio with an overview of the interface components: The states browser, the canvas, and the inspector panel.

        Step Functions Workflow Studio components
  1. The States browser contains two panels. The Actions panel provides a list of Amazon APIs that you can drag and drop into your workflow graph in the canvas. Each Action represents a Task state. The Flow panel provides a list of flow states that you can drag and drop into your workflow graph in the canvas.

  2. The canvas is where you drag and drop states into your workflow graph, change the order of states, and select states to configure or view.

  3. The Inspector panel is where you can choose the Form, which lets you view and edit the properties of any state you select, and the Definition, where you can view the Amazon States Language code for your workflow, with the currently selected state highlighted.

  4. Info links open a panel with contextual information when you need help. These panels also include links to related topics in the Step Functions documentation.

States browser

The States browser is where you select states to drag and drop into your workflow graph. The Actions panel provides a list of Amazon APIs, and the Flow panel provides a list of flow states. You can search all states in the States Browser using the search field at the top.

          Step Functions Workflow Studio States browser

There are seven flow states that you can use to direct and control your workflow. All of them take input from the previous state, and many let you filter the input from the preceding state, and the output to the state that follows. The flow states are:

  • Choice: Add a choice between branches of execution to your workflow. In the Configuration tab of the Inspector, you can configure rules to determine which state the workflow will transition to.

  • Parallel: Add parallel branches of execution to your workflow.

  • Map: Dynamically iterate steps for each element of an input array. Unlike a Parallel flow state, a Map state will execute the same steps for multiple entries of an array in the state input.

  • Pass: Lets you pass its input to its output. (Optional) You can add fixed data into the output.

  • Wait: Have your workflow pause for a certain amount of time or until a specified time or date.

  • Succeed: Stops your workflow with a success.

  • Fail: Stops your workflow with a failure.


After you choose a state to add to your workflow, drag it to to the canvas and drop it into your workflow graph. You can also drag and drop states to move them to different places in your workflow. If your workflow is complex, you may not be able to view all of it in the canvas panel. Use the controls at the top of the canvas to zoom in or out. To view different parts of a workflow graph, you can drag the workflow graph in the canvas.

Drag a workflow state from the Actions or Flow panel and drop it into your workflow. A line shows where it will be placed in your workflow. The new workflow state has been added to your workflow, and its code is auto-generated.

          Workflow Studio canvas

To change the order of a state, you can drag it to a different place in your workflow.

          Workflow Studio drag drop


After you have added a state to your workflow, you will want to configure it. Choose the state you want to configure, and you will see its configuration options in the Inspector panel. You can also see the workflow code by choosing the Definition panel. The code associated with the state you have selected will be highlighted.

          Workflow Studio inspector configuration panel

          Workflow Studio inspector definition panel

Keyboard shortcuts

Workflow Studio supports the following keyboard shortcuts:

Keyboard shortcut Function
Ctrl+Z Undo the last operation
Ctrl+Shift+Z Redo the last operation
Alt+C Center the workflow in the canvas
Backspace Remove all selected states
Delete Remove all selected states
Ctrl+D Duplicate selected state