Amazon WAF Bot Control rule group - Amazon WAF, Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Shield Advanced
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Amazon WAF Bot Control rule group

VendorName: AWS, Name: AWSManagedRulesBotControlRuleSet, WCU: 50

The Bot Control managed rule group provides rules to block and manage requests from bots. Bots can consume excess resources, skew business metrics, cause downtime, and perform malicious activities.

Note

You are charged additional fees when you use this managed rule group. For more information, see Amazon WAF Pricing.

In order to keep your costs down and to be sure you're managing your bot traffic as you want, use this rule group in accordance with the guidance at Amazon WAF Bot Control.

The Bot Control rule group doesn't provide versioning or SNS update notifications.

Protection levels

The Bot Control managed rule group provides two levels of protection that you can choose from:

  • Common – Detects a variety of self-identifying bots, such as web scraping frameworks, search engines, and automated browsers. Bot Control protections at this level identify common bots using traditional bot detection techniques, such as static request data analysis. The rules label traffic from these bots and block the ones that they cannot verify.

  • Targeted – Includes the common-level protections and adds detection for advanced bots that do not self identify. Targeted protections use advanced detection techniques such as browser interrogation, fingerprinting, and behavior heuristics to identify bad bot traffic. The protections target these bots using a combination of rate limiting and CAPTCHA and background browser challenges. The rules that provide targeted protection have names that begin with TGT_.

Token labels

This rule group uses Amazon WAF token management to inspect and label web requests according to the status of their Amazon WAF tokens. Amazon WAF uses tokens for client session tracking and verification.

Amazon WAF applies one of the following labels when it inspects a web request's token and challenge timestamp. Amazon WAF doesn't add labeling about the status of the CAPTCHA timestamp.

  • awswaf:managed:token:accepted– The request token is present and has an unexpired challenge timestamp.

  • awswaf:managed:token:rejected– The request token is present but is either corrupt or has an expired challenge timestamp.

  • awswaf:managed:token:absent – The request doesn't have a token.

For more information, see Amazon WAF tokens.

Bot Control labels

The Bot Control managed rule group generates labels with the namespace prefix awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control: followed by the custom namespace. The rule group might add more than one label to a request.

Each label reflects the Bot Control rule findings:

  • awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:category:<category> – The category of bot, as defined by Amazon WAF, for example bot:category:search_engine and bot:category:content_fetcher.

  • awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:name:<name> – The bot name, if one is available, for example the custom namespaces bot:name:slurp, bot:name:googlebot, and bot:name:pocket_parser.

  • awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified – Used to indicate a verified bot. This is used for common desirable bots, and can be useful when combined with category labels like bot:category:search_engine or name labels like bot:name:googlebot.

    Note

    Bot Control uses the IP address from the web request origin and can’t be configured to use the Amazon WAF forwarded IP configuration to inspect using a different IP address source. If you have verified bots that route through a proxy or load balancer, you can add a rule to your web ACL before the Bot Control rule group that does use the forwarded IP address and that explicitly allows those requests. For information about using the forwarded IP addresses, see Forwarded IP address.

  • awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:signal:<signal-details> – Used for attributes of the request that are indicative of bots that are not more commonly used or verified.

  • awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:targeted:<additional-details> – Used by the Bot Control targeted protections.

You can retrieve the labels through the API by calling DescribeManagedRuleGroup. The labels are listed in the AvailableLabels property in the response.

The Bot Control managed rule group applies labels to a set of verifiable bots that are commonly allowed. The rule group doesn't block these verified bots and doesn't apply any signal: labels. If you want, you can block them, or a subset of them, by writing a custom rule that uses the labels applied by the Bot Control managed rule group. For more information about this and examples, see Amazon WAF Bot Control.

Rule listing

The following table lists the Bot Control rules.

Rule name Description
CategoryAdvertising

Inspects for bots that are used for advertising purposes.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:advertising

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryArchiver

Inspects for bots that are used for archiving purposes.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:archiver

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryContentFetcher

Inspects for bots that are fetching content on behalf of a user.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:content_fetcher

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryEmailClient

Inspects for email clients.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:email_client

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryHttpLibrary

Inspects for HTTP libraries that are used by bots.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:http_library

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryLinkChecker

Inspects for bots that check for broken links.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:link_checker

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryMiscellaneous

Inspects for miscellaneous bots.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:miscellaneous

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryMonitoring

Inspects for bots that are used for monitoring purposes.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:monitoring

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategoryScrapingFramework

Inspects for web scraping frameworks.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:scraping_framework

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategorySearchEngine

Inspects for search engine bots.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:search_engine

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategorySecurity

Inspects for security-related bots.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:security

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategorySeo

Inspects for bots that are used for search engine optimization.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:seo

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

CategorySocialMedia

Inspects for bots that are used by social media platforms to provide content summaries.

Rule action, applied only to unverified bots: Block

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:category:social_media

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

SignalAutomatedBrowser

Inspects for indications of an automated web browser.

Rule action: Block

SignalKnownBotDataCenter

Inspects for data centers that are typically used by bots.

Rule action: Block

SignalNonBrowserUserAgent

Inspects for user agent strings that don't seem to be from a web browser.

Rule action: Block

TGT_VolumetricIpTokenAbsent

Inspects for 5 or more requests from a client that don't include a valid challenge token. For information about tokens, see Amazon WAF tokens.

Note

The threshold that this rule applies can vary slightly due to latency.

Rule action, applied only to clients that are not verified bots: Challenge

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:targeted:aggregate:volumetric:ip:token_absent

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

TGT_VolumetricSession

Inspects for an abnormally high number of requests from a client session. The evaluation is based on a comparison to standard volumetric baselines that Amazon WAF maintains using historic traffic patterns.

This inspection only applies when the web request has a token. Tokens are added to requests by the application integration SDKs and by the rule actions CAPTCHA and Challenge. For more information, see Amazon WAF tokens.

Rule action, applied only to clients that are not verified bots: CAPTCHA

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:targeted:aggregate:volumetric:session:high

The rule group applies the following labels to medium volume and lower volume requests that are above a minimum threshold. For these levels, the rule takes no action, regardless of whether the client is verified: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:targeted:aggregate:volumetric:session:medium and awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:targeted:aggregate:volumetric:session:low.

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

TGT_SignalAutomatedBrowser

Inspects for browser automation frameworks.

This inspection only applies when the web request has a token. Tokens are added to requests by the application integration SDKs and by the rule actions CAPTCHA and Challenge. For more information, see Amazon WAF tokens.

Rule action, applied only to clients that are not verified bots: CAPTCHA

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:targeted:signal:automated_browser

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.

TGT_SignalBrowserInconsistency

Inspects for inconsistent browser interrogation data.

This inspection only applies when the web request has a token. Tokens are added to requests by the application integration SDKs and by the rule actions CAPTCHA and Challenge. For more information, see Amazon WAF tokens.

Rule action, applied only to clients that are not verified bots: CAPTCHA

Label: awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:targeted:signal:browser_inconsistency

For verified bots, the rule group takes no action, but it adds the rule labeling plus the label awswaf:managed:aws:bot-control:bot:verified.