使用适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包的 Lambda 示例 - Amazon SDK for JavaScript
Amazon Web Services 文档中描述的 Amazon Web Services 服务或功能可能因区域而异。要查看适用于中国区域的差异,请参阅 中国的 Amazon Web Services 服务入门 (PDF)

Amazon SDK for JavaScript V3 API 参考指南详细描述了 Amazon SDK for JavaScript 版本 3 (V3) 的所有 API 操作。

本文属于机器翻译版本。若本译文内容与英语原文存在差异,则一律以英文原文为准。

使用适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包的 Lambda 示例

以下代码示例向您展示了如何使用带有 Lambda 的 Amazon SDK for JavaScript (v3) 来执行操作和实现常见场景。

操作是大型程序的代码摘录,必须在上下文中运行。您可以通过操作了解如何调用单个服务函数,还可以通过函数相关场景和跨服务示例的上下文查看操作。

场景 是展示如何通过在同一服务中调用多个函数来完成特定任务的代码示例。

每个示例都包含一个指向的链接 GitHub,您可以在其中找到有关如何在上下文中设置和运行代码的说明。

开始使用

以下代码示例展示了如何开始使用 Lambda。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

import { LambdaClient, paginateListFunctions } from "@aws-sdk/client-lambda"; const client = new LambdaClient({}); export const helloLambda = async () => { const paginator = paginateListFunctions({ client }, {}); const functions = []; for await (const page of paginator) { const funcNames = page.Functions.map((f) => f.FunctionName); functions.push(...funcNames); } console.log("Functions:"); console.log(functions.join("\n")); return functions; };
  • 有关 API 的详细信息,请参阅 Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考ListFunctions中的。

操作

以下代码示例演示了如何使用 CreateFunction

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

const createFunction = async (funcName, roleArn) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const code = await readFile(`${dirname}../functions/${funcName}.zip`); const command = new CreateFunctionCommand({ Code: { ZipFile: code }, FunctionName: funcName, Role: roleArn, Architectures: [Architecture.arm64], Handler: "index.handler", // Required when sending a .zip file PackageType: PackageType.Zip, // Required when sending a .zip file Runtime: Runtime.nodejs16x, // Required when sending a .zip file }); return client.send(command); };
  • 有关 API 的详细信息,请参阅 Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考CreateFunction中的。

以下代码示例演示了如何使用 DeleteFunction

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

/** * @param {string} funcName */ const deleteFunction = (funcName) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const command = new DeleteFunctionCommand({ FunctionName: funcName }); return client.send(command); };
  • 有关 API 的详细信息,请参阅 Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考DeleteFunction中的。

以下代码示例演示了如何使用 GetFunction

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

const getFunction = (funcName) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const command = new GetFunctionCommand({ FunctionName: funcName }); return client.send(command); };
  • 有关 API 的详细信息,请参阅 Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考GetFunction中的。

以下代码示例演示了如何使用 Invoke

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

const invoke = async (funcName, payload) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const command = new InvokeCommand({ FunctionName: funcName, Payload: JSON.stringify(payload), LogType: LogType.Tail, }); const { Payload, LogResult } = await client.send(command); const result = Buffer.from(Payload).toString(); const logs = Buffer.from(LogResult, "base64").toString(); return { logs, result }; };
  • 有关 API 详细信息,请参阅《Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考》中的 Invoke

以下代码示例演示了如何使用 ListFunctions

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

const listFunctions = () => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const command = new ListFunctionsCommand({}); return client.send(command); };
  • 有关 API 的详细信息,请参阅 Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考ListFunctions中的。

以下代码示例演示了如何使用 UpdateFunctionCode

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

const updateFunctionCode = async (funcName, newFunc) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const code = await readFile(`${dirname}../functions/${newFunc}.zip`); const command = new UpdateFunctionCodeCommand({ ZipFile: code, FunctionName: funcName, Architectures: [Architecture.arm64], Handler: "index.handler", // Required when sending a .zip file PackageType: PackageType.Zip, // Required when sending a .zip file Runtime: Runtime.nodejs16x, // Required when sending a .zip file }); return client.send(command); };
  • 有关 API 的详细信息,请参阅 Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考中的UpdateFunction代码

以下代码示例演示了如何使用 UpdateFunctionConfiguration

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

const updateFunctionConfiguration = (funcName) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const config = readFileSync(`${dirname}../functions/config.json`).toString(); const command = new UpdateFunctionConfigurationCommand({ ...JSON.parse(config), FunctionName: funcName, }); return client.send(command); };
  • 有关 API 的详细信息,请参阅 Amazon SDK for JavaScript API 参考中的UpdateFunction配置

场景

以下代码示例展示了如何:

  • 创建 IAM 角色和 Lambda 函数,然后上传处理程序代码。

  • 使用单个参数来调用函数并获取结果。

  • 更新函数代码并使用环境变量进行配置。

  • 使用新参数来调用函数并获取结果。显示返回的执行日志。

  • 列出账户函数,然后清除函数。

有关更多信息,请参阅使用控制台创建 Lambda 函数

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

创建一个 Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) 角色以授予 Lambda 写入日志的权限。

log(`Creating role (${NAME_ROLE_LAMBDA})...`); const response = await createRole(NAME_ROLE_LAMBDA); import { AttachRolePolicyCommand, IAMClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-iam"; const client = new IAMClient({}); /** * * @param {string} policyArn * @param {string} roleName */ export const attachRolePolicy = (policyArn, roleName) => { const command = new AttachRolePolicyCommand({ PolicyArn: policyArn, RoleName: roleName, }); return client.send(command); };

创建 Lambda 函数并上传处理程序代码。

const createFunction = async (funcName, roleArn) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const code = await readFile(`${dirname}../functions/${funcName}.zip`); const command = new CreateFunctionCommand({ Code: { ZipFile: code }, FunctionName: funcName, Role: roleArn, Architectures: [Architecture.arm64], Handler: "index.handler", // Required when sending a .zip file PackageType: PackageType.Zip, // Required when sending a .zip file Runtime: Runtime.nodejs16x, // Required when sending a .zip file }); return client.send(command); };

调用单参数函数并得出结果。

const invoke = async (funcName, payload) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const command = new InvokeCommand({ FunctionName: funcName, Payload: JSON.stringify(payload), LogType: LogType.Tail, }); const { Payload, LogResult } = await client.send(command); const result = Buffer.from(Payload).toString(); const logs = Buffer.from(LogResult, "base64").toString(); return { logs, result }; };

更新函数代码并使用环境变量配置其 Lambda 环境。

const updateFunctionCode = async (funcName, newFunc) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const code = await readFile(`${dirname}../functions/${newFunc}.zip`); const command = new UpdateFunctionCodeCommand({ ZipFile: code, FunctionName: funcName, Architectures: [Architecture.arm64], Handler: "index.handler", // Required when sending a .zip file PackageType: PackageType.Zip, // Required when sending a .zip file Runtime: Runtime.nodejs16x, // Required when sending a .zip file }); return client.send(command); }; const updateFunctionConfiguration = (funcName) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const config = readFileSync(`${dirname}../functions/config.json`).toString(); const command = new UpdateFunctionConfigurationCommand({ ...JSON.parse(config), FunctionName: funcName, }); return client.send(command); };

列出您账户的函数。

const listFunctions = () => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const command = new ListFunctionsCommand({}); return client.send(command); };

删除 IAM 角色和 Lambda 函数。

import { DeleteRoleCommand, IAMClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-iam"; const client = new IAMClient({}); /** * * @param {string} roleName */ export const deleteRole = (roleName) => { const command = new DeleteRoleCommand({ RoleName: roleName }); return client.send(command); }; /** * @param {string} funcName */ const deleteFunction = (funcName) => { const client = new LambdaClient({}); const command = new DeleteFunctionCommand({ FunctionName: funcName }); return client.send(command); };

无服务器示例

以下代码示例展示了如何实现一个 Lambda 函数,该函数接收因接收来自 Kinesis 流的记录而触发的事件。该函数检索 Kinesis 有效负载,将 Base64 解码,并记录下记录内容。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用 Lambda 消耗 Kinesis 事件。 JavaScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 exports.handler = async (event, context) => { for (const record of event.Records) { try { console.log(`Processed Kinesis Event - EventID: ${record.eventID}`); const recordData = await getRecordDataAsync(record.kinesis); console.log(`Record Data: ${recordData}`); // TODO: Do interesting work based on the new data } catch (err) { console.error(`An error occurred ${err}`); throw err; } } console.log(`Successfully processed ${event.Records.length} records.`); }; async function getRecordDataAsync(payload) { var data = Buffer.from(payload.data, "base64").toString("utf-8"); await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work return data; }

使用 Lambda 消耗 Kinesis 事件。 TypeScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { KinesisStreamEvent, Context, KinesisStreamHandler, KinesisStreamRecordPayload, } from "aws-lambda"; import { Buffer } from "buffer"; import { Logger } from "@aws-lambda-powertools/logger"; const logger = new Logger({ logLevel: "INFO", serviceName: "kinesis-stream-handler-sample", }); export const functionHandler: KinesisStreamHandler = async ( event: KinesisStreamEvent, context: Context ): Promise<void> => { for (const record of event.Records) { try { logger.info(`Processed Kinesis Event - EventID: ${record.eventID}`); const recordData = await getRecordDataAsync(record.kinesis); logger.info(`Record Data: ${recordData}`); // TODO: Do interesting work based on the new data } catch (err) { logger.error(`An error occurred ${err}`); throw err; } logger.info(`Successfully processed ${event.Records.length} records.`); } }; async function getRecordDataAsync( payload: KinesisStreamRecordPayload ): Promise<string> { var data = Buffer.from(payload.data, "base64").toString("utf-8"); await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work return data; }

以下代码示例演示如何实现 Lambda 函数,该函数接收通过从 DynamoDB 流接收记录而触发的事件。该函数检索 DynamoDB 有效负载,并记录下记录内容。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用 Lambda 使用一个 DynamoDB 事件。 JavaScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 exports.handler = async (event, context) => { console.log(JSON.stringify(event, null, 2)); event.Records.forEach(record => { logDynamoDBRecord(record); }); }; const logDynamoDBRecord = (record) => { console.log(record.eventID); console.log(record.eventName); console.log(`DynamoDB Record: ${JSON.stringify(record.dynamodb)}`); };

使用 Lambda 使用一个 DynamoDB 事件。 TypeScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 export const handler = async (event, context) => { console.log(JSON.stringify(event, null, 2)); event.Records.forEach(record => { logDynamoDBRecord(record); }); } const logDynamoDBRecord = (record) => { console.log(record.eventID); console.log(record.eventName); console.log(`DynamoDB Record: ${JSON.stringify(record.dynamodb)}`); };

以下代码示例说明如何实现一个 Lambda 函数,该函数接收通过从 DocumentDB 更改流接收记录而触发的事件。该函数检索 DocumentDB 有效负载并记录记录内容。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用 Lambda 使用亚马逊文档数据库事件。 JavaScript

console.log('Loading function'); exports.handler = async (event, context) => { event.events.forEach(record => { logDocumentDBEvent(record); }); return 'OK'; }; const logDocumentDBEvent = (record) => { console.log('Operation type: ' + record.event.operationType); console.log('db: ' + record.event.ns.db); console.log('collection: ' + record.event.ns.coll); console.log('Full document:', JSON.stringify(record.event.fullDocument, null, 2)); };

以下代码示例展示了如何实现一个 Lambda 函数,该函数接收通过将对象上传到 S3 桶而触发的事件。该函数从事件参数中检索 S3 存储桶名称和对象密钥,并调用 Amazon S3 API 来检索和记录对象的内容类型。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用 Lambda 使用 S3 事件。 JavaScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { S3Client, HeadObjectCommand } from "@aws-sdk/client-s3"; const client = new S3Client(); exports.handler = async (event, context) => { // Get the object from the event and show its content type const bucket = event.Records[0].s3.bucket.name; const key = decodeURIComponent(event.Records[0].s3.object.key.replace(/\+/g, ' ')); try { const { ContentType } = await client.send(new HeadObjectCommand({ Bucket: bucket, Key: key, })); console.log('CONTENT TYPE:', ContentType); return ContentType; } catch (err) { console.log(err); const message = `Error getting object ${key} from bucket ${bucket}. Make sure they exist and your bucket is in the same region as this function.`; console.log(message); throw new Error(message); } };

使用 Lambda 使用 S3 事件。 TypeScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { S3Event } from 'aws-lambda'; import { S3Client, HeadObjectCommand } from '@aws-sdk/client-s3'; const s3 = new S3Client({ region: process.env.AWS_REGION }); export const handler = async (event: S3Event): Promise<string | undefined> => { // Get the object from the event and show its content type const bucket = event.Records[0].s3.bucket.name; const key = decodeURIComponent(event.Records[0].s3.object.key.replace(/\+/g, ' ')); const params = { Bucket: bucket, Key: key, }; try { const { ContentType } = await s3.send(new HeadObjectCommand(params)); console.log('CONTENT TYPE:', ContentType); return ContentType; } catch (err) { console.log(err); const message = `Error getting object ${key} from bucket ${bucket}. Make sure they exist and your bucket is in the same region as this function.`; console.log(message); throw new Error(message); } };

以下代码示例展示了如何实现一个 Lambda 函数,该函数接收因接收来自 SNS 主题的消息而触发的事件。该函数从事件参数检索消息并记录每条消息的内容。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用 Lambda JavaScript 消费 SNS 事件。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 exports.handler = async (event, context) => { for (const record of event.Records) { await processMessageAsync(record); } console.info("done"); }; async function processMessageAsync(record) { try { const message = JSON.stringify(record.Sns.Message); console.log(`Processed message ${message}`); await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work } catch (err) { console.error("An error occurred"); throw err; } }

使用 Lambda TypeScript 消费 SNS 事件。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { SNSEvent, Context, SNSHandler, SNSEventRecord } from "aws-lambda"; export const functionHandler: SNSHandler = async ( event: SNSEvent, context: Context ): Promise<void> => { for (const record of event.Records) { await processMessageAsync(record); } console.info("done"); }; async function processMessageAsync(record: SNSEventRecord): Promise<any> { try { const message: string = JSON.stringify(record.Sns.Message); console.log(`Processed message ${message}`); await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work } catch (err) { console.error("An error occurred"); throw err; } }

以下代码示例展示了如何实现一个 Lambda 函数,该函数接收因接收来自 SNS 队列的消息而触发的事件。该函数从事件参数检索消息并记录每条消息的内容。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用 Lambd JavaScript a 使用 SQS 事件。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 exports.handler = async (event, context) => { for (const message of event.Records) { await processMessageAsync(message); } console.info("done"); }; async function processMessageAsync(message) { try { console.log(`Processed message ${message.body}`); // TODO: Do interesting work based on the new message await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work } catch (err) { console.error("An error occurred"); throw err; } }

使用 Lambd TypeScript a 使用 SQS 事件。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { SQSEvent, Context, SQSHandler, SQSRecord } from "aws-lambda"; export const functionHandler: SQSHandler = async ( event: SQSEvent, context: Context ): Promise<void> => { for (const message of event.Records) { await processMessageAsync(message); } console.info("done"); }; async function processMessageAsync(message: SQSRecord): Promise<any> { try { console.log(`Processed message ${message.body}`); // TODO: Do interesting work based on the new message await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work } catch (err) { console.error("An error occurred"); throw err; } }

以下代码示例展示了如何为接收来自 Kinesis 流的事件的 Lambda 函数实现部分批处理响应。该函数在响应中报告批处理项目失败,并指示 Lambda 稍后重试这些消息。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

报告使用 Javascript 进行 Lambda Kinesis 批处理项目失败。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 exports.handler = async (event, context) => { for (const record of event.Records) { try { console.log(`Processed Kinesis Event - EventID: ${record.eventID}`); const recordData = await getRecordDataAsync(record.kinesis); console.log(`Record Data: ${recordData}`); // TODO: Do interesting work based on the new data } catch (err) { console.error(`An error occurred ${err}`); /* Since we are working with streams, we can return the failed item immediately. Lambda will immediately begin to retry processing from this failed item onwards. */ return { batchItemFailures: [{ itemIdentifier: record.kinesis.sequenceNumber }], }; } } console.log(`Successfully processed ${event.Records.length} records.`); return { batchItemFailures: [] }; }; async function getRecordDataAsync(payload) { var data = Buffer.from(payload.data, "base64").toString("utf-8"); await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work return data; }

使用 Lambda 报告 Kinesis 批处理项目失败。 TypeScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { KinesisStreamEvent, Context, KinesisStreamHandler, KinesisStreamRecordPayload, KinesisStreamBatchResponse, } from "aws-lambda"; import { Buffer } from "buffer"; import { Logger } from "@aws-lambda-powertools/logger"; const logger = new Logger({ logLevel: "INFO", serviceName: "kinesis-stream-handler-sample", }); export const functionHandler: KinesisStreamHandler = async ( event: KinesisStreamEvent, context: Context ): Promise<KinesisStreamBatchResponse> => { for (const record of event.Records) { try { logger.info(`Processed Kinesis Event - EventID: ${record.eventID}`); const recordData = await getRecordDataAsync(record.kinesis); logger.info(`Record Data: ${recordData}`); // TODO: Do interesting work based on the new data } catch (err) { logger.error(`An error occurred ${err}`); /* Since we are working with streams, we can return the failed item immediately. Lambda will immediately begin to retry processing from this failed item onwards. */ return { batchItemFailures: [{ itemIdentifier: record.kinesis.sequenceNumber }], }; } } logger.info(`Successfully processed ${event.Records.length} records.`); return { batchItemFailures: [] }; }; async function getRecordDataAsync( payload: KinesisStreamRecordPayload ): Promise<string> { var data = Buffer.from(payload.data, "base64").toString("utf-8"); await Promise.resolve(1); //Placeholder for actual async work return data; }

以下代码示例演示如何为接收来自 DynamoDB 流的事件的 Lambda 函数实现部分批量响应。该函数在响应中报告批处理项目失败,并指示 Lambda 稍后重试这些消息。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用 Lambda 报告 DynamoDB 批处理项目失败。 JavaScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 export const handler = async (event) => { const records = event.Records; let curRecordSequenceNumber = ""; for (const record of records) { try { // Process your record curRecordSequenceNumber = record.dynamodb.SequenceNumber; } catch (e) { // Return failed record's sequence number return { batchItemFailures: [{ itemIdentifier: curRecordSequenceNumber }] }; } } return { batchItemFailures: [] }; };

使用 Lambda 报告 DynamoDB 批处理项目失败。 TypeScript

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { DynamoDBBatchItemFailure, DynamoDBStreamEvent } from "aws-lambda"; export const handler = async (event: DynamoDBStreamEvent): Promise<DynamoDBBatchItemFailure[]> => { const batchItemsFailures: DynamoDBBatchItemFailure[] = [] let curRecordSequenceNumber for(const record of event.Records) { curRecordSequenceNumber = record.dynamodb?.SequenceNumber if(curRecordSequenceNumber) { batchItemsFailures.push({ itemIdentifier: curRecordSequenceNumber }) } } return batchItemsFailures }

以下代码示例展示了如何为接收来自 SQS 队列的事件的 Lambda 函数实现部分批处理响应。该函数在响应中报告批处理项目失败,并指示 Lambda 稍后重试这些消息。

适用于 JavaScript (v3) 的软件开发工具包
注意

还有更多相关信息 GitHub。在无服务器示例存储库中查找完整示例,并了解如何进行设置和运行。

使用报告 Lambda JavaScript 的 SQS 批处理项目失败。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 export const handler = async (event, context) => { const batchItemFailures = []; for (const record of event.Records) { try { await processMessageAsync(record, context); } catch (error) { batchItemFailures.push({ itemIdentifier: record.messageId }); } } return { batchItemFailures }; }; async function processMessageAsync(record, context) { if (record.body && record.body.includes("error")) { throw new Error("There is an error in the SQS Message."); } console.log(`Processed message: ${record.body}`); }

使用报告 Lambda TypeScript 的 SQS 批处理项目失败。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import { SQSEvent, SQSBatchResponse, Context, SQSBatchItemFailure, SQSRecord } from 'aws-lambda'; export const handler = async (event: SQSEvent, context: Context): Promise<SQSBatchResponse> => { const batchItemFailures: SQSBatchItemFailure[] = []; for (const record of event.Records) { try { await processMessageAsync(record); } catch (error) { batchItemFailures.push({ itemIdentifier: record.messageId }); } } return {batchItemFailures: batchItemFailures}; }; async function processMessageAsync(record: SQSRecord): Promise<void> { if (record.body && record.body.includes("error")) { throw new Error('There is an error in the SQS Message.'); } console.log(`Processed message ${record.body}`); }