示例 2:脚本化运行手册 - Amazon Systems Manager
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示例 2:脚本化运行手册

此示例运行手册解决以下情形。Emily 是 AnyCompany Consultants, LLC 的系统工程师。她之前创建了两个运行手册,这两个运行手册用于父子关系,以修补托管主数据库和辅助数据库的 Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) 实例的组。应用程序每天 24 小时访问这些数据库,因此这两个数据库实例中必须有一个始终可用。

基于此要求,她构建了一个解决方案,使用 AWS-RunPatchBaseline Systems Manager (SSM) 文档分阶段修补实例。通过使用此 SSM 文档,她的同事可以在修补操作完成后查看相关的修补程序合规性信息。

首先修补数据库实例的主组,然后修补数据库实例的辅助组。此外,为了避免由于运行之前已停止的实例而产生额外的成本,Emily 确保自动化将修补的实例恢复到修补之前的原始状态。Emily 使用与数据库实例的主组和辅助组关联的标签来确定应按照所需顺序修补哪些实例。

她现有的自动化解决方案有效,但她希望尽可能改进自己的解决方案。为了帮助维护运行手册内容并简化故障排除工作,她希望将自动化压缩到一个运行手册中,并简化输入参数的数量。此外,她希望避免创建多个子自动化。

在审查了可用的自动化操作后,Emily 确定可以使用 aws:executeScript 操作来运行她的自定义 Python 脚本,从而改进她的解决方案。她现在开始创作运行手册的内容,如下所示:

  1. 首先,她为运行手册的架构和描述提供值,并定义父运行手册的输入参数。

    通过使用 AutomationAssumeRole 参数,Emily 和她的同事可以使用现有的 IAM 角色,使自动化代表他们执行运行手册中的操作。与示例 1 不同的是,AutomationAssumeRole 参数现在是必需的,而不是可选的。因为这个运行手册包括 aws:executeScript 操作,所以始终需要一个 Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) 服务角色(或担任角色)。此要求是必要的,因为某些为操作指定的 Python 脚本调用 Amazon API 操作。

    Emily 使用 PrimaryPatchGroupTagSecondaryPatchGroupTag 参数指定与要修补的数据库实例的主要和辅助组关联的标签。为了简化所需的输入参数,她决定使用 StringMap 参数,而不是使用多个 String参数,因为她在示例 1 运行手册中使用了后者。(可选)OperationRebootOptionSnapshotId 参数可用于为 AWS-RunPatchBaseline 的文档参数提供值。为了防止向这些运行手册参数提供无效值,她根据需要定义了 allowedValues

    YAML
    description: 'An example of an Automation runbook that patches groups of Amazon EC2 instances in stages.' schemaVersion: '0.3' assumeRole: '{{AutomationAssumeRole}}' parameters: AutomationAssumeRole: type: String description: '(Required) The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the IAM role that allows Automation to perform the actions on your behalf. If no role is specified, Systems Manager Automation uses your IAM permissions to operate this runbook.' PrimaryPatchGroupTag: type: StringMap description: '(Required) The tag for the primary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {"key" : "value"}' SecondaryPatchGroupTag: type: StringMap description: '(Required) The tag for the secondary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {"key" : "value"}' SnapshotId: type: String description: '(Optional) The snapshot ID to use to retrieve a patch baseline snapshot.' default: '' RebootOption: type: String description: '(Optional) Reboot behavior after a patch Install operation. If you choose NoReboot and patches are installed, the instance is marked as non-compliant until a subsequent reboot and scan.' allowedValues: - NoReboot - RebootIfNeeded default: RebootIfNeeded Operation: type: String description: '(Optional) The update or configuration to perform on the instance. The system checks if patches specified in the patch baseline are installed on the instance. The install operation installs patches missing from the baseline.' allowedValues: - Install - Scan default: Install
    JSON
    { "description":"An example of an Automation runbook that patches groups of Amazon EC2 instances in stages.", "schemaVersion":"0.3", "assumeRole":"{{AutomationAssumeRole}}", "parameters":{ "AutomationAssumeRole":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Required) The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the IAM role that allows Automation to perform the actions on your behalf. If no role is specified, Systems Manager Automation uses your IAM permissions to operate this runbook." }, "PrimaryPatchGroupTag":{ "type":"StringMap", "description":"(Required) The tag for the primary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {\"key\" : \"value\"}" }, "SecondaryPatchGroupTag":{ "type":"StringMap", "description":"(Required) The tag for the secondary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {\"key\" : \"value\"}" }, "SnapshotId":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Optional) The snapshot ID to use to retrieve a patch baseline snapshot.", "default":"" }, "RebootOption":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Optional) Reboot behavior after a patch Install operation. If you choose NoReboot and patches are installed, the instance is marked as non-compliant until a subsequent reboot and scan.", "allowedValues":[ "NoReboot", "RebootIfNeeded" ], "default":"RebootIfNeeded" }, "Operation":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Optional) The update or configuration to perform on the instance. The system checks if patches specified in the patch baseline are installed on the instance. The install operation installs patches missing from the baseline.", "allowedValues":[ "Install", "Scan" ], "default":"Install" } } },
  2. 定义顶层元素后,Emily 继续创作构成运行手册的 mainSteps 的操作。第一步收集与 PrimaryPatchGroupTag 参数中指定的标签关联的所有实例的 ID,并输出 StringMap 参数,其中包含实例 ID 和实例的当前状态。此操作的输出将用于后续操作。

    请注意,script 输入参数不支持 JSON 运行手册。JSON 运行手册必须使用 attachment 输入参数提供脚本内容。

    YAML
    mainSteps: - name: getPrimaryInstanceState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: getInstanceStates InputPayload: primaryTag: '{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def getInstanceStates(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') tag = events['primaryTag'] tagKey, tagValue = list(tag.items())[0] instanceQuery = ec2.describe_instances( Filters=[ { "Name": "tag:" + tagKey, "Values": [tagValue] }] ) if not instanceQuery['Reservations']: noInstancesForTagString = "No instances found for specified tag." return({ 'noInstancesFound' : noInstancesForTagString }) else: queryResponse = instanceQuery['Reservations'] originalInstanceStates = {} for results in queryResponse: instanceSet = results['Instances'] for instance in instanceSet: instanceId = instance['InstanceId'] originalInstanceStates[instanceId] = instance['State']['Name'] return originalInstanceStates outputs: - Name: originalInstanceStates Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap nextStep: verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning
    JSON
    "mainSteps":[ { "name":"getPrimaryInstanceState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"getInstanceStates", "InputPayload":{ "primaryTag":"{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"originalInstanceStates", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" } ], "nextStep":"verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning" },
  3. Emily 将上一个操作的输出用于另一个 aws:executeScript 操作,以验证与 PrimaryPatchGroupTag 参数中所指定标签相关联的所有实例均处于 running 状态。

    如果实例状态已处于 running 或者 shutting-down 状态,则脚本将继续遍历剩余的实例。

    如果实例的状态为 stopping,则脚本轮询实例以达到 stopped 状态并启动实例。

    如果实例的状态为 stopped,脚本将启动实例。

    YAML
    - name: verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: verifyInstancesRunning InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def verifyInstancesRunning(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopped. The instance will now be started.") ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) elif instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopping. Polling for instance to reach stopped state.") while instanceDict[instance] != 'stopped': poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_stopped') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass nextStep: waitForPrimaryRunningInstances
    JSON
    { "name":"verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"verifyInstancesRunning", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"waitForPrimaryRunningInstances" },
  4. Emily 验证与 PrimaryPatchGroupTag 参数中指定的标签相关联的所有实例已启动或已处于 running 状态。然后,她使用另一个脚本来验证所有实例(包括在上一操作中启动的实例)已处于 running 状态。

    YAML
    - name: waitForPrimaryRunningInstances action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 300 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: waitForRunningInstances InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def waitForRunningInstances(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_running') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) nextStep: returnPrimaryTagKey
    JSON
    { "name":"waitForPrimaryRunningInstances", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":300, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"waitForRunningInstances", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"returnPrimaryTagKey" },
  5. Emily 使用两个脚本来返回键的单个 String 值和 PrimaryPatchGroupTag 参数中指定的标签的值。这些操作返回的值允许她直接向 Targets 文档的参数 AWS-RunPatchBaseline 提供值。然后,自动化将继续使用 aws:runCommand 操作,利用 AWS-RunPatchBaseline 文档修补实例。

    YAML
    - name: returnPrimaryTagKey action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: primaryTag: '{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['primaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] stringKey = "tag:" + tagKey return {'tagKey' : stringKey} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: primaryPatchGroupKey Selector: $.Payload.tagKey Type: String nextStep: returnPrimaryTagValue - name: returnPrimaryTagValue action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: primaryTag: '{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['primaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] tagValue = tag[tagKey] return {'tagValue' : tagValue} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: primaryPatchGroupValue Selector: $.Payload.tagValue Type: String nextStep: patchPrimaryInstances - name: patchPrimaryInstances action: 'aws:runCommand' onFailure: Abort timeoutSeconds: 7200 inputs: DocumentName: AWS-RunPatchBaseline Parameters: SnapshotId: '{{SnapshotId}}' RebootOption: '{{RebootOption}}' Operation: '{{Operation}}' Targets: - Key: '{{returnPrimaryTagKey.primaryPatchGroupKey}}' Values: - '{{returnPrimaryTagValue.primaryPatchGroupValue}}' MaxConcurrency: 10% MaxErrors: 10% nextStep: returnPrimaryToOriginalState
    JSON
    { "name":"returnPrimaryTagKey", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "primaryTag":"{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"primaryPatchGroupKey", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagKey", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"returnPrimaryTagValue" }, { "name":"returnPrimaryTagValue", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "primaryTag":"{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"primaryPatchGroupValue", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagValue", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"patchPrimaryInstances" }, { "name":"patchPrimaryInstances", "action":"aws:runCommand", "onFailure":"Abort", "timeoutSeconds":7200, "inputs":{ "DocumentName":"AWS-RunPatchBaseline", "Parameters":{ "SnapshotId":"{{SnapshotId}}", "RebootOption":"{{RebootOption}}", "Operation":"{{Operation}}" }, "Targets":[ { "Key":"{{returnPrimaryTagKey.primaryPatchGroupKey}}", "Values":[ "{{returnPrimaryTagValue.primaryPatchGroupValue}}" ] } ], "MaxConcurrency":"10%", "MaxErrors":"10%" }, "nextStep":"returnPrimaryToOriginalState" },
  6. 修补操作完成后,Emily 希望自动化将与 PrimaryPatchGroupTag 参数中所指定标签相关联的目标实例返回到自动化开始之前的状态。她通过再次使用脚本中第一个操作的输出来完成此操作。根据目标实例的原始状态,如果该实例以前处于 running 以外的任何状态,则实例将停止。否则,如果实例状态为 running,则脚本将继续遍历剩余的实例。

    YAML
    - name: returnPrimaryToOriginalState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnToOriginalState InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def returnToOriginalState(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped' or instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': ec2.stop_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass nextStep: getSecondaryInstanceState
    JSON
    { "name":"returnPrimaryToOriginalState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnToOriginalState", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"getSecondaryInstanceState" },
  7. 针对与 PrimaryPatchGroupTag 参数中所指定标签相关联的实例的修补操作已完成。现在 Emily 复制了运行手册内容中以前的所有操作,将与 SecondaryPatchGroupTag 参数中所指定标签相关联的实例设置为目标。

    YAML
    - name: getSecondaryInstanceState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: getInstanceStates InputPayload: secondaryTag: '{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def getInstanceStates(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') tag = events['secondaryTag'] tagKey, tagValue = list(tag.items())[0] instanceQuery = ec2.describe_instances( Filters=[ { "Name": "tag:" + tagKey, "Values": [tagValue] }] ) if not instanceQuery['Reservations']: noInstancesForTagString = "No instances found for specified tag." return({ 'noInstancesFound' : noInstancesForTagString }) else: queryResponse = instanceQuery['Reservations'] originalInstanceStates = {} for results in queryResponse: instanceSet = results['Instances'] for instance in instanceSet: instanceId = instance['InstanceId'] originalInstanceStates[instanceId] = instance['State']['Name'] return originalInstanceStates outputs: - Name: originalInstanceStates Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap nextStep: verifySecondaryInstancesRunning - name: verifySecondaryInstancesRunning action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: verifyInstancesRunning InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def verifyInstancesRunning(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopped. The instance will now be started.") ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) elif instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopping. Polling for instance to reach stopped state.") while instanceDict[instance] != 'stopped': poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_stopped') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass nextStep: waitForSecondaryRunningInstances - name: waitForSecondaryRunningInstances action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 300 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: waitForRunningInstances InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def waitForRunningInstances(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_running') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) nextStep: returnSecondaryTagKey - name: returnSecondaryTagKey action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: secondaryTag: '{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['secondaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] stringKey = "tag:" + tagKey return {'tagKey' : stringKey} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: secondaryPatchGroupKey Selector: $.Payload.tagKey Type: String nextStep: returnSecondaryTagValue - name: returnSecondaryTagValue action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: secondaryTag: '{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['secondaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] tagValue = tag[tagKey] return {'tagValue' : tagValue} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: secondaryPatchGroupValue Selector: $.Payload.tagValue Type: String nextStep: patchSecondaryInstances - name: patchSecondaryInstances action: 'aws:runCommand' onFailure: Abort timeoutSeconds: 7200 inputs: DocumentName: AWS-RunPatchBaseline Parameters: SnapshotId: '{{SnapshotId}}' RebootOption: '{{RebootOption}}' Operation: '{{Operation}}' Targets: - Key: '{{returnSecondaryTagKey.secondaryPatchGroupKey}}' Values: - '{{returnSecondaryTagValue.secondaryPatchGroupValue}}' MaxConcurrency: 10% MaxErrors: 10% nextStep: returnSecondaryToOriginalState - name: returnSecondaryToOriginalState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnToOriginalState InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def returnToOriginalState(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped' or instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': ec2.stop_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass
    JSON
    { "name":"getSecondaryInstanceState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"getInstanceStates", "InputPayload":{ "secondaryTag":"{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"originalInstanceStates", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" } ], "nextStep":"verifySecondaryInstancesRunning" }, { "name":"verifySecondaryInstancesRunning", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"verifyInstancesRunning", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"waitForSecondaryRunningInstances" }, { "name":"waitForSecondaryRunningInstances", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":300, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"waitForRunningInstances", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"returnSecondaryTagKey" }, { "name":"returnSecondaryTagKey", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "secondaryTag":"{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"secondaryPatchGroupKey", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagKey", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"returnSecondaryTagValue" }, { "name":"returnSecondaryTagValue", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "secondaryTag":"{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"secondaryPatchGroupValue", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagValue", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"patchSecondaryInstances" }, { "name":"patchSecondaryInstances", "action":"aws:runCommand", "onFailure":"Abort", "timeoutSeconds":7200, "inputs":{ "DocumentName":"AWS-RunPatchBaseline", "Parameters":{ "SnapshotId":"{{SnapshotId}}", "RebootOption":"{{RebootOption}}", "Operation":"{{Operation}}" }, "Targets":[ { "Key":"{{returnSecondaryTagKey.secondaryPatchGroupKey}}", "Values":[ "{{returnSecondaryTagValue.secondaryPatchGroupValue}}" ] } ], "MaxConcurrency":"10%", "MaxErrors":"10%" }, "nextStep":"returnSecondaryToOriginalState" }, { "name":"returnSecondaryToOriginalState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnToOriginalState", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." } } ] }
  8. Emily 查看已完成的脚本化运行手册内容,并在同一 Amazon Web Services 账户和 Amazon Web Services 区域中创建运行手册作为目标实例。现在,她已经准备好测试运行手册,以确保在将自动化实施到生产环境之前自动化能够按需运行。下面是完成的脚本化运行手册内容。

    YAML
    description: An example of an Automation runbook that patches groups of Amazon EC2 instances in stages. schemaVersion: '0.3' assumeRole: '{{AutomationAssumeRole}}' parameters: AutomationAssumeRole: type: String description: '(Required) The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the IAM role that allows Automation to perform the actions on your behalf. If no role is specified, Systems Manager Automation uses your IAM permissions to operate this runbook.' PrimaryPatchGroupTag: type: StringMap description: '(Required) The tag for the primary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {"key" : "value"}' SecondaryPatchGroupTag: type: StringMap description: '(Required) The tag for the secondary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {"key" : "value"}' SnapshotId: type: String description: '(Optional) The snapshot ID to use to retrieve a patch baseline snapshot.' default: '' RebootOption: type: String description: '(Optional) Reboot behavior after a patch Install operation. If you choose NoReboot and patches are installed, the instance is marked as non-compliant until a subsequent reboot and scan.' allowedValues: - NoReboot - RebootIfNeeded default: RebootIfNeeded Operation: type: String description: '(Optional) The update or configuration to perform on the instance. The system checks if patches specified in the patch baseline are installed on the instance. The install operation installs patches missing from the baseline.' allowedValues: - Install - Scan default: Install mainSteps: - name: getPrimaryInstanceState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: getInstanceStates InputPayload: primaryTag: '{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def getInstanceStates(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') tag = events['primaryTag'] tagKey, tagValue = list(tag.items())[0] instanceQuery = ec2.describe_instances( Filters=[ { "Name": "tag:" + tagKey, "Values": [tagValue] }] ) if not instanceQuery['Reservations']: noInstancesForTagString = "No instances found for specified tag." return({ 'noInstancesFound' : noInstancesForTagString }) else: queryResponse = instanceQuery['Reservations'] originalInstanceStates = {} for results in queryResponse: instanceSet = results['Instances'] for instance in instanceSet: instanceId = instance['InstanceId'] originalInstanceStates[instanceId] = instance['State']['Name'] return originalInstanceStates outputs: - Name: originalInstanceStates Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap nextStep: verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning - name: verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: verifyInstancesRunning InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def verifyInstancesRunning(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopped. The instance will now be started.") ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) elif instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopping. Polling for instance to reach stopped state.") while instanceDict[instance] != 'stopped': poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_stopped') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass nextStep: waitForPrimaryRunningInstances - name: waitForPrimaryRunningInstances action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 300 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: waitForRunningInstances InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def waitForRunningInstances(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_running') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) nextStep: returnPrimaryTagKey - name: returnPrimaryTagKey action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: primaryTag: '{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['primaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] stringKey = "tag:" + tagKey return {'tagKey' : stringKey} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: primaryPatchGroupKey Selector: $.Payload.tagKey Type: String nextStep: returnPrimaryTagValue - name: returnPrimaryTagValue action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: primaryTag: '{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['primaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] tagValue = tag[tagKey] return {'tagValue' : tagValue} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: primaryPatchGroupValue Selector: $.Payload.tagValue Type: String nextStep: patchPrimaryInstances - name: patchPrimaryInstances action: 'aws:runCommand' onFailure: Abort timeoutSeconds: 7200 inputs: DocumentName: AWS-RunPatchBaseline Parameters: SnapshotId: '{{SnapshotId}}' RebootOption: '{{RebootOption}}' Operation: '{{Operation}}' Targets: - Key: '{{returnPrimaryTagKey.primaryPatchGroupKey}}' Values: - '{{returnPrimaryTagValue.primaryPatchGroupValue}}' MaxConcurrency: 10% MaxErrors: 10% nextStep: returnPrimaryToOriginalState - name: returnPrimaryToOriginalState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnToOriginalState InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def returnToOriginalState(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped' or instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': ec2.stop_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass nextStep: getSecondaryInstanceState - name: getSecondaryInstanceState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: getInstanceStates InputPayload: secondaryTag: '{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def getInstanceStates(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') tag = events['secondaryTag'] tagKey, tagValue = list(tag.items())[0] instanceQuery = ec2.describe_instances( Filters=[ { "Name": "tag:" + tagKey, "Values": [tagValue] }] ) if not instanceQuery['Reservations']: noInstancesForTagString = "No instances found for specified tag." return({ 'noInstancesFound' : noInstancesForTagString }) else: queryResponse = instanceQuery['Reservations'] originalInstanceStates = {} for results in queryResponse: instanceSet = results['Instances'] for instance in instanceSet: instanceId = instance['InstanceId'] originalInstanceStates[instanceId] = instance['State']['Name'] return originalInstanceStates outputs: - Name: originalInstanceStates Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap nextStep: verifySecondaryInstancesRunning - name: verifySecondaryInstancesRunning action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: verifyInstancesRunning InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def verifyInstancesRunning(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopped. The instance will now be started.") ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) elif instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': print("The target instance " + instance + " is stopping. Polling for instance to reach stopped state.") while instanceDict[instance] != 'stopped': poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_stopped') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) ec2.start_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass nextStep: waitForSecondaryRunningInstances - name: waitForSecondaryRunningInstances action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 300 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: waitForRunningInstances InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def waitForRunningInstances(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: poll = ec2.get_waiter('instance_running') poll.wait( InstanceIds=[instance] ) nextStep: returnSecondaryTagKey - name: returnSecondaryTagKey action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: secondaryTag: '{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['secondaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] stringKey = "tag:" + tagKey return {'tagKey' : stringKey} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: secondaryPatchGroupKey Selector: $.Payload.tagKey Type: String nextStep: returnSecondaryTagValue - name: returnSecondaryTagValue action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 120 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnTagValues InputPayload: secondaryTag: '{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}' Script: |- def returnTagValues(events,context): tag = events['secondaryTag'] tagKey = list(tag)[0] tagValue = tag[tagKey] return {'tagValue' : tagValue} outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: secondaryPatchGroupValue Selector: $.Payload.tagValue Type: String nextStep: patchSecondaryInstances - name: patchSecondaryInstances action: 'aws:runCommand' onFailure: Abort timeoutSeconds: 7200 inputs: DocumentName: AWS-RunPatchBaseline Parameters: SnapshotId: '{{SnapshotId}}' RebootOption: '{{RebootOption}}' Operation: '{{Operation}}' Targets: - Key: '{{returnSecondaryTagKey.secondaryPatchGroupKey}}' Values: - '{{returnSecondaryTagValue.secondaryPatchGroupValue}}' MaxConcurrency: 10% MaxErrors: 10% nextStep: returnSecondaryToOriginalState - name: returnSecondaryToOriginalState action: 'aws:executeScript' timeoutSeconds: 600 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.7 Handler: returnToOriginalState InputPayload: targetInstances: '{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}' Script: |- def returnToOriginalState(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') instanceDict = events['targetInstances'] for instance in instanceDict: if instanceDict[instance] == 'stopped' or instanceDict[instance] == 'stopping': ec2.stop_instances( InstanceIds=[instance] ) else: pass
    JSON
    { "description":"An example of an Automation runbook that patches groups of Amazon EC2 instances in stages.", "schemaVersion":"0.3", "assumeRole":"{{AutomationAssumeRole}}", "parameters":{ "AutomationAssumeRole":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Required) The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the IAM role that allows Automation to perform the actions on your behalf. If no role is specified, Systems Manager Automation uses your IAM permissions to operate this runbook." }, "PrimaryPatchGroupTag":{ "type":"StringMap", "description":"(Required) The tag for the primary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {\"key\" : \"value\"}" }, "SecondaryPatchGroupTag":{ "type":"StringMap", "description":"(Required) The tag for the secondary group of instances you want to patch. Specify a key-value pair. Example: {\"key\" : \"value\"}" }, "SnapshotId":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Optional) The snapshot ID to use to retrieve a patch baseline snapshot.", "default":"" }, "RebootOption":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Optional) Reboot behavior after a patch Install operation. If you choose NoReboot and patches are installed, the instance is marked as non-compliant until a subsequent reboot and scan.", "allowedValues":[ "NoReboot", "RebootIfNeeded" ], "default":"RebootIfNeeded" }, "Operation":{ "type":"String", "description":"(Optional) The update or configuration to perform on the instance. The system checks if patches specified in the patch baseline are installed on the instance. The install operation installs patches missing from the baseline.", "allowedValues":[ "Install", "Scan" ], "default":"Install" } }, "mainSteps":[ { "name":"getPrimaryInstanceState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"getInstanceStates", "InputPayload":{ "primaryTag":"{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"originalInstanceStates", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" } ], "nextStep":"verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning" }, { "name":"verifyPrimaryInstancesRunning", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"verifyInstancesRunning", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"waitForPrimaryRunningInstances" }, { "name":"waitForPrimaryRunningInstances", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":300, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"waitForRunningInstances", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"returnPrimaryTagKey" }, { "name":"returnPrimaryTagKey", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "primaryTag":"{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"primaryPatchGroupKey", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagKey", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"returnPrimaryTagValue" }, { "name":"returnPrimaryTagValue", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "primaryTag":"{{PrimaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"primaryPatchGroupValue", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagValue", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"patchPrimaryInstances" }, { "name":"patchPrimaryInstances", "action":"aws:runCommand", "onFailure":"Abort", "timeoutSeconds":7200, "inputs":{ "DocumentName":"AWS-RunPatchBaseline", "Parameters":{ "SnapshotId":"{{SnapshotId}}", "RebootOption":"{{RebootOption}}", "Operation":"{{Operation}}" }, "Targets":[ { "Key":"{{returnPrimaryTagKey.primaryPatchGroupKey}}", "Values":[ "{{returnPrimaryTagValue.primaryPatchGroupValue}}" ] } ], "MaxConcurrency":"10%", "MaxErrors":"10%" }, "nextStep":"returnPrimaryToOriginalState" }, { "name":"returnPrimaryToOriginalState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnToOriginalState", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getPrimaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"getSecondaryInstanceState" }, { "name":"getSecondaryInstanceState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"getInstanceStates", "InputPayload":{ "secondaryTag":"{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"originalInstanceStates", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" } ], "nextStep":"verifySecondaryInstancesRunning" }, { "name":"verifySecondaryInstancesRunning", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"verifyInstancesRunning", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"waitForSecondaryRunningInstances" }, { "name":"waitForSecondaryRunningInstances", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":300, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"waitForRunningInstances", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "nextStep":"returnSecondaryTagKey" }, { "name":"returnSecondaryTagKey", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "secondaryTag":"{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"secondaryPatchGroupKey", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagKey", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"returnSecondaryTagValue" }, { "name":"returnSecondaryTagValue", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":120, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnTagValues", "InputPayload":{ "secondaryTag":"{{SecondaryPatchGroupTag}}" }, "Script":"..." }, "outputs":[ { "Name":"Payload", "Selector":"$.Payload", "Type":"StringMap" }, { "Name":"secondaryPatchGroupValue", "Selector":"$.Payload.tagValue", "Type":"String" } ], "nextStep":"patchSecondaryInstances" }, { "name":"patchSecondaryInstances", "action":"aws:runCommand", "onFailure":"Abort", "timeoutSeconds":7200, "inputs":{ "DocumentName":"AWS-RunPatchBaseline", "Parameters":{ "SnapshotId":"{{SnapshotId}}", "RebootOption":"{{RebootOption}}", "Operation":"{{Operation}}" }, "Targets":[ { "Key":"{{returnSecondaryTagKey.secondaryPatchGroupKey}}", "Values":[ "{{returnSecondaryTagValue.secondaryPatchGroupValue}}" ] } ], "MaxConcurrency":"10%", "MaxErrors":"10%" }, "nextStep":"returnSecondaryToOriginalState" }, { "name":"returnSecondaryToOriginalState", "action":"aws:executeScript", "timeoutSeconds":600, "onFailure":"Abort", "inputs":{ "Runtime":"python3.7", "Handler":"returnToOriginalState", "InputPayload":{ "targetInstances":"{{getSecondaryInstanceState.originalInstanceStates}}" }, "Script":"..." } } ] }

有关此示例中使用的自动化操作的更多信息,请参阅 Systems Manager 自动化操作参考