AWS Config
开发人员指南
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使用 AWS CloudTrail 记录 AWS Config API 调用

AWS Config 已与 AWS CloudTrail 集成,后者是一种服务,可在 AWS 账户中捕获由 AWS 服务或代表其发出的 API 调用,并将日志文件传输到您指定的 Amazon Simple Storage Service 存储桶。CloudTrail 从 AWS Config 控制台或 AWS Config API 捕获所有 API 调用。通过 CloudTrail 收集的信息,您可以确定向 AWS Config 发出了什么请求、发出请求的源 IP 地址、何人发出的请求以及发出请求的时间等。要了解有关 CloudTrail 的更多信息,包括如何对其进行配置和启用,请参阅 AWS CloudTrail User Guide

CloudTrail 中的 AWS Config 信息

如果您在 AWS 账户中启用了 CloudTrail,它便会跟踪对 AWS Config 进行的 API 调用。AWS Config 记录会与其他 AWS 服务记录一起写入日志文件。CloudTrail 基于时间段和文件大小来确定何时创建新文件并向其写入内容。

所有 AWS Config 操作都会记录下来,AWS Config API Reference中对这些操作进行了介绍。例如,对 DeliverConfigSnapshotDeleteDeliveryChannelDescribeDeliveryChannels 操作进行的调用会在 CloudTrail 日志文件中生成条目。

每个日志条目都包含有关生成请求的人员的信息。日志中的用户身份信息有助于确定发出的请求是否具有根或 IAM 用户证书,是否具有角色或联合用户的临时安全证书,或者是否是由其他 AWS 服务发出的。有关更多信息,请参阅 CloudTrail 事件参考中的 userIdentity 字段。

日志文件可以在存储桶中存储任意长时间,不过您也可以定义 Amazon S3 生命周期规则以自动存档或删除日志文件。有关设置生命周期规则的信息,请参阅 Amazon Simple Storage Service 控制台用户指南 中的管理生命周期配置

如果您需要针对日志文件传输快速采取措施,可选择让 CloudTrail 在传输新的日志文件时发布 Amazon SNS 通知。有关更多信息,请参阅配置 Amazon SNS 通知

您还可以将多个 AWS 区域和多个 AWS 账户中的 AWS Config 日志文件聚合到单个 S3 存储桶中。更多信息,请参阅将 CloudTrail 日志文件聚合到单个 Amazon S3 存储桶中

了解 AWS Config 日志文件条目

CloudTrail 日志文件可包含一个或多个日志条目,每个条目由多个 JSON 格式的事件组成。一个日志条目表示来自任何源的一个请求,包括有关所请求的操作、任意参数以及操作的日期和时间等信息。日志条目不一定具有任何特定顺序。也即,它们不是公用 API 调用的有序堆栈跟踪。

示例日志文件

有关这些 CloudTrail 日志条目的类似示例,请参阅以下主题。

DeleteDeliveryChannel

下面是 DeleteDeliveryChannel 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:32:57Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeleteDeliveryChannel", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "10.24.34.0", "userAgent": "aws-internal/3", "requestParameters": { "deliveryChannelName": "default" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "207d695a-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "5dcff7a9-e414-411a-a43e-88d122a0ad4a", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }

DeliverConfigSnapshot

下面是 DeliverConfigSnapshot 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AIDAABCDEFGHIJKLNMOPQ:Config-API-Test", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111111111111:assumed-role/JaneDoe/Config-API-Test", "accountId": "111111111111", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2014-12-11T00:58:42Z" }, "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AIDAABCDEFGHIJKLNMOPQ", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111111111111:role/JaneDoe", "accountId": "111111111111", "userName": "JaneDoe" } } }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T00:58:53Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeliverConfigSnapshot", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "10.24.34.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": { "deliveryChannelName": "default" }, "responseElements": { "configSnapshotId": "58d50f10-212d-4fa4-842e-97c614da67ce" }, "requestID": "e0248561-80d0-11e4-9f1c-7739d36a3df2", "eventID": "3e88076c-eae1-4aa6-8990-86fe52aedbd8", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", recipientAccountId": "111111111111" }

DescribeConfigurationRecorderStatus

下面是 DescribeConfigurationRecorderStatus 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:35:44Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DescribeConfigurationRecorderStatus", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "8442f25d-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "a675b36b-455f-4e18-a4bc-d3e01749d3f1", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }

DescribeConfigurationRecorders

下面是 DescribeConfigurationRecorders 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:34:52Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DescribeConfigurationRecorders", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "6566b55c-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "6259a9ad-889e-423b-beeb-6e1eec84a8b5", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }

DescribeDeliveryChannels

下面是 DescribeDeliveryChannels 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:35:02Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DescribeDeliveryChannels", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "6b6aee3f-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "3e15ebc5-bf39-4d2a-8b64-9392807985f1", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }

GetResourceConfigHistory

下面是 GetResourceConfigHistory 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AIDAABCDEFGHIJKLNMOPQ:Config-API-Test", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111111111111:assumed-role/JaneDoe/Config-API-Test", "accountId": "111111111111", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2014-12-11T00:58:42Z" }, "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AIDAABCDEFGHIJKLNMOPQ", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111111111111:role/JaneDoe", "accountId": "111111111111", "userName": "JaneDoe" } } }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T00:58:42Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "GetResourceConfigHistory", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "10.24.34.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": { "resourceId": "vpc-a12bc345", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::VPC", "limit": 0, "laterTime": "Dec 11, 2014 12:58:42 AM", "earlierTime": "Dec 10, 2014 4:58:42 PM" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "d9f3490d-80d0-11e4-9f1c-7739d36a3df2", "eventID": "ba9c1766-d28f-40e3-b4c6-3ffb87dd6166", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "111111111111" }

PutConfigurationRecorder

下面是 PutConfigurationRecorder 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:35:23Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "PutConfigurationRecorder", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": { "configurationRecorder": { "name": "default", "roleARN": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:role/config-role-pdx" } }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "779f7917-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "c91f3daa-96e8-44ee-8ddd-146ac06565a7", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }

PutDeliveryChannel

下面是 PutDeliveryChannel 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:33:08Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "PutDeliveryChannel", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": { "deliveryChannel": { "name": "default", "s3BucketName": "config-api-test-pdx", "snsTopicARN": "arn:aws:sns:us-west-2:222222222222:config-api-test-pdx" } }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "268b8d4d-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "b2db05f1-1c73-4e52-b238-db69c04e8dd4", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }

StartConfigurationRecorder

下面是 StartConfigurationRecorder 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:35:34Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "StartConfigurationRecorder", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": { "configurationRecorderName": "default" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "7e03fa6a-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "55a5507f-f306-4896-afe3-196dc078a88d", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }

StopConfigurationRecorder

下面是 StopConfigurationRecorder 操作的一个 CloudTrail 日志文件示例。

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{ "eventVersion": "1.02", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::222222222222:user/JohnDoe", "accountId": "222222222222", "accessKeyId": "AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "userName": "JohnDoe" }, "eventTime": "2014-12-11T18:35:13Z", "eventSource": "config.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "StopConfigurationRecorder", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.0", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.2.11 Python/2.7.4 Linux/2.6.18-164.el5", "requestParameters": { "configurationRecorderName": "default" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "716deea3-8164-11e4-ab4f-657c7ab282ab", "eventID": "6225a85d-1e49-41e9-bf43-3cfc5549e560", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "222222222222" }