记录 Amazon Route 53 API 调用Amazon CloudTrail - Amazon Route 53
Amazon Web Services 文档中描述的 Amazon Web Services 服务或功能可能因区域而异。要查看适用于中国区域的差异,请参阅中国的 Amazon Web Services 服务入门

本文属于机器翻译版本。若本译文内容与英语原文存在差异,则一律以英文原文为准。

记录 Amazon Route 53 API 调用Amazon CloudTrail

Route 53 与Amazon CloudTrail,该服务可提供用户、角色或Amazon服务在 Route 53。CloudTrail 将对 Route 53 的所有 API 调用作为事件捕获,包括来自 Route 53 控制台的调用和对 Route 53 API 的代码调用。如果您创建跟踪,则可以使 CloudTrail 事件持续传送到 Amazon S3 存储桶(包括 Route 53 的事件)。如果您不配置跟踪,则仍可在 CloudTrail 控制台中的 Event history (事件历史记录) 中查看最新事件。通过使用 CloudTrail 收集的信息,您可以确定向 Route 53 发出了什么请求、发出请求的 IP 地址、何人发出的请求、请求的发出时间以及其他详细信息。

云路径中的 53 号路线信息

在您创建 Amazon 账户时,将在该账户上启用 CloudTrail。当 Route 53 中发生活动时,该活动将记录在 CloudTrail 事件中,并与其他Amazon中的服务事件事件历史记录. 您可以在 Amazon 账户中查看、搜索和下载最新事件。有关更多信息,请参阅使用 CloudTrail 事件历史记录查看事件

有关事件的持续记录Amazon帐户(包括 Route 53 的事件),请创建跟踪。通过跟踪,CloudTrail 可将日志文件传送至 Amazon S3 存储桶。默认情况下,在控制台中创建跟踪记录时,此跟踪记录应用于所有 区域。此跟踪记录在 Amazon 分区中记录所有区域中的事件,并将日志文件传送至您指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶。此外,您可以配置其他 Amazon 服务,进一步分析在 CloudTrail 日志中收集的事件数据并采取行动。有关更多信息,请参阅:

所有 Route 53 操作都由 CloudTrail 记录,并记录在Amazon Route 53 API 参考. 例如,对 CreateHostedZoneCreateHealthCheckRegisterDomain 操作的调用会在 CloudTrail 日志文件中生成条目。

每个事件或日志条目都包含有关生成请求的人员信息。身份信息可帮助您确定以下内容:

  • 请求是使用根用户凭证还是 IAM 用户凭证发出的。

  • 请求是使用角色还是联合身份用户的临时安全凭证发出的。

  • 请求是否由其他 Amazon 服务发出。

有关更多信息,请参阅 CloudTrail userIdentity 元素

在事件历史记录中查看 Route 53 事件

CloudTrail 可让您在事件历史记录. 要查看 Route 53 API 请求的事件,您必须选择美国东部(弗吉尼亚北部)在控制台顶部的区域选择器中。有关更多信息,请参阅 Amazon CloudTrail 用户指南中的使用 CloudTrail 事件历史记录查看事件

了解 Route 53 日志文件条目

跟踪是一种配置,可用于将事件作为日志文件传送到您指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶。CloudTrail 日志文件包含一个或多个日志条目。一个事件表示来自任何源的一个请求,包括有关请求的操作、操作的日期和时间、请求参数等方面的信息。CloudTrail 日志文件不是公用 API 调用的有序堆栈跟踪,因此它们不会按任何特定顺序显示。

eventName 元素可标识发生的操作。(在 CloudTrail 日志中,第一个字母对于域注册操作为小写形式,即使它在此类操作的名称中是大写形式。 例如,UpdateDomainContact显示为updateDomainContact在日志中)。CloudTrail 支持所有 Route 53 API 操作。下面的示例显示了一个 CloudTrail 日志条目,该条目演示了以下操作:

  • 列出与Amazon账户

  • 创建运行状况检查

  • 创建两个记录

  • 删除托管区域

  • 为已注册的域更新信息

  • 创建 Route 53 解析程序出站终端节点

{ "Records": [ { "apiVersion": "2013-04-01", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "eventID": "1cdbea14-e162-43bb-8853-f9f86d4739ca", "eventName": "ListHostedZones", "eventSource": "route53.amazonaws.com", "eventTime": "2015-01-16T00:41:48Z", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "eventVersion": "1.02", "recipientAccountId": "444455556666", "requestID": "741e0df7-9d18-11e4-b752-f9c6311f3510", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": null, "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.92", "userAgent": "Apache-HttpClient/4.3 (java 1.5)", "userIdentity": { "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "accountId": "111122223333", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/smithj", "principalId": "A1B2C3D4E5F6G7EXAMPLE", "type": "IAMUser", "userName": "smithj" } }, { "apiVersion": "2013-04-01", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "eventID": "45ec906a-1325-4f61-b133-3ef1012b0cbc", "eventName": "CreateHealthCheck", "eventSource": "route53.amazonaws.com", "eventTime": "2018-01-16T00:41:57Z", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "eventVersion": "1.02", "recipientAccountId": "444455556666", "requestID": "79915168-9d18-11e4-b752-f9c6311f3510", "requestParameters": { "callerReference": "2014-05-06 64832", "healthCheckConfig": { "iPAddress": "192.0.2.249", "port": 80, "type": "TCP" } }, "responseElements": { "healthCheck": { "callerReference": "2014-05-06 64847", "healthCheckConfig": { "failureThreshold": 3, "iPAddress": "192.0.2.249", "port": 80, "requestInterval": 30, "type": "TCP" }, "healthCheckVersion": 1, "id": "b3c9cbc6-cd18-43bc-93f8-9e557example" }, "location": "https://route53.amazonaws.com/2013-04-01/healthcheck/b3c9cbc6-cd18-43bc-93f8-9e557example" }, "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.92", "userAgent": "Apache-HttpClient/4.3 (java 1.5)", "userIdentity": { "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "accountId": "111122223333", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/smithj", "principalId": "A1B2C3D4E5F6G7EXAMPLE", "type": "IAMUser", "userName": "smithj" } }, { "additionalEventData": { "Note": "Do not use to reconstruct hosted zone" }, "apiVersion": "2013-04-01", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "eventID": "883b14d9-2f84-4005-8bc5-c7bf0cebc116", "eventName": "ChangeResourceRecordSets", "eventSource": "route53.amazonaws.com", "eventTime": "2018-01-16T00:41:43Z", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "eventVersion": "1.02", "recipientAccountId": "444455556666", "requestID": "7081d4c6-9d18-11e4-b752-f9c6311f3510", "requestParameters": { "changeBatch": { "changes": [ { "action": "CREATE", "resourceRecordSet": { "name": "prod.example.com.", "resourceRecords": [ { "value": "192.0.1.1" }, { "value": "192.0.1.2" }, { "value": "192.0.1.3" }, { "value": "192.0.1.4" } ], "tTL": 300, "type": "A" } }, { "action": "CREATE", "resourceRecordSet": { "name": "test.example.com.", "resourceRecords": [ { "value": "192.0.1.1" }, { "value": "192.0.1.2" }, { "value": "192.0.1.3" }, { "value": "192.0.1.4" } ], "tTL": 300, "type": "A" } } ], "comment": "Adding subdomains" }, "hostedZoneId": "Z1PA6795UKMFR9" }, "responseElements": { "changeInfo": { "comment": "Adding subdomains", "id": "/change/C156SRE0X2ZB10", "status": "PENDING", "submittedAt": "Jan 16, 2018 12:41:43 AM" } }, "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.92", "userAgent": "Apache-HttpClient/4.3 (java 1.5)", "userIdentity": { "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "accountId": "111122223333", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/smithj", "principalId": "A1B2C3D4E5F6G7EXAMPLE", "type": "IAMUser", "userName": "smithj" } }, { "apiVersion": "2013-04-01", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "eventID": "0cb87544-ebee-40a9-9812-e9dda1962cb2", "eventName": "DeleteHostedZone", "eventSource": "route53.amazonaws.com", "eventTime": "2018-01-16T00:41:37Z", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "eventVersion": "1.02", "recipientAccountId": "444455556666", "requestID": "6d5d149f-9d18-11e4-b752-f9c6311f3510", "requestParameters": { "id": "Z1PA6795UKMFR9" }, "responseElements": { "changeInfo": { "id": "/change/C1SIJYUYIKVJWP", "status": "PENDING", "submittedAt": "Jan 16, 2018 12:41:36 AM" } }, "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.92", "userAgent": "Apache-HttpClient/4.3 (java 1.5)", "userIdentity": { "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "accountId": "111122223333", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/smithj", "principalId": "A1B2C3D4E5F6G7EXAMPLE", "type": "IAMUser", "userName": "smithj" } }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "A1B2C3D4E5F6G7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/smithj", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "userName": "smithj", "sessionContext": { "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2018-11-01T19:43:59Z" } }, "invokedBy": "test" }, "eventTime": "2018-11-01T19:49:36Z", "eventSource": "route53domains.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "updateDomainContact", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.92", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.12; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0", "requestParameters": { "domainName": { "name": "example.com" } }, "responseElements": { "requestId": "034e222b-a3d5-4bec-8ff9-35877ff02187" }, "additionalEventData": "Personally-identifying contact information is not logged in the request", "requestID": "015b7313-bf3d-11e7-af12-cf75409087f6", "eventID": "f34f3338-aaf4-446f-bf0e-f72323bac94d", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "444455556666" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "A1B2C3D4E5F6G7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/smithj", "accountId": "111122223333", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2018-11-01T14:33:09Z" }, "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AROAIUZEZLWWZOEXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" } } }, "eventTime": "2018-11-01T14:37:19Z", "eventSource": "route53resolver.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateResolverEndpoint", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "192.0.2.176", "userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.12; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0", "requestParameters": { "creatorRequestId": "123456789012", "name": "OutboundEndpointDemo", "securityGroupIds": [ "sg-05618b249example" ], "direction": "OUTBOUND", "ipAddresses": [ { "subnetId": "subnet-01cb0c4676example" }, { "subnetId": "subnet-0534819b32example" } ], "tags": [] }, "responseElements": { "resolverEndpoint": { "id": "rslvr-out-1f4031f1f5example", "creatorRequestId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:route53resolver:us-west-2:123456789012:resolver-endpoint/rslvr-out-1f4031f1f5example", "name": "OutboundEndpointDemo", "securityGroupIds": [ "sg-05618b249example" ], "direction": "OUTBOUND", "ipAddressCount": 2, "hostVPCId": "vpc-0de29124example", "status": "CREATING", "statusMessage": "[Trace id: 1-5bd1d51e-f2f3032eb75649f71example] Creating the Resolver Endpoint", "creationTime": "2018-11-01T14:37:19.045Z", "modificationTime": "2018-11-01T14:37:19.045Z" } }, "requestID": "3f066d98-773f-4628-9cba-4ba6eexample", "eventID": "cb05b4f9-9411-4507-813b-33cb0example", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012" } ] }