CreateFileSystem - Amazon Elastic File System
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CreateFileSystem

Creates a new, empty file system. The operation requires a creation token in the request that Amazon EFS uses to ensure idempotent creation (calling the operation with same creation token has no effect). If a file system does not currently exist that is owned by the caller's AWS account with the specified creation token, this operation does the following:

  • Creates a new, empty file system. The file system will have an Amazon EFS assigned ID, and an initial lifecycle state creating.

  • Returns with the description of the created file system.

Otherwise, this operation returns a FileSystemAlreadyExists error with the ID of the existing file system.

注意

For basic use cases, you can use a randomly generated UUID for the creation token.

The idempotent operation allows you to retry a CreateFileSystem call without risk of creating an extra file system. This can happen when an initial call fails in a way that leaves it uncertain whether or not a file system was actually created. An example might be that a transport level timeout occurred or your connection was reset. As long as you use the same creation token, if the initial call had succeeded in creating a file system, the client can learn of its existence from the FileSystemAlreadyExists error.

For more information, see Creating a file system in the Amazon EFS User Guide.

注意

The CreateFileSystem call returns while the file system's lifecycle state is still creating. You can check the file system creation status by calling the DescribeFileSystems operation, which among other things returns the file system state.

This operation accepts an optional PerformanceMode parameter that you choose for your file system. We recommend generalPurpose performance mode for most file systems. File systems using the maxIO performance mode can scale to higher levels of aggregate throughput and operations per second with a tradeoff of slightly higher latencies for most file operations. The performance mode can't be changed after the file system has been created. For more information, see Amazon EFS performance modes.

You can set the throughput mode for the file system using the ThroughputMode parameter.

After the file system is fully created, Amazon EFS sets its lifecycle state to available, at which point you can create one or more mount targets for the file system in your VPC. For more information, see CreateMountTarget. You mount your Amazon EFS file system on an EC2 instances in your VPC by using the mount target. For more information, see Amazon EFS: How it Works.

This operation requires permissions for the elasticfilesystem:CreateFileSystem action.

Request Syntax

POST /2015-02-01/file-systems HTTP/1.1 Content-type: application/json { "AvailabilityZoneName": "string", "Backup": boolean, "CreationToken": "string", "Encrypted": boolean, "KmsKeyId": "string", "PerformanceMode": "string", "ProvisionedThroughputInMibps": number, "Tags": [ { "Key": "string", "Value": "string" } ], "ThroughputMode": "string" }

URI Request Parameters

The request does not use any URI parameters.

Request Body

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

AvailabilityZoneName

Used to create a file system that uses One Zone storage classes. It specifies the AWS Availability Zone in which to create the file system. Use the format us-east-1a to specify the Availability Zone. For more information about One Zone storage classes, see Using EFS storage classes in the Amazon EFS User Guide.

注意

One Zone storage classes are not available in all Availability Zones in AWS Regions where Amazon EFS is available.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: .+

Required: No

Backup

Specifies whether automatic backups are enabled on the file system that you are creating. Set the value to true to enable automatic backups. If you are creating a file system that uses One Zone storage classes, automatic backups are enabled by default. For more information, see Automatic backups in the Amazon EFS User Guide.

Default is false. However, if you specify an AvailabilityZoneName, the default is true.

注意

AWS Backup is not available in all AWS Regions where Amazon EFS is available.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

CreationToken

A string of up to 64 ASCII characters. Amazon EFS uses this to ensure idempotent creation.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: .+

Required: Yes

Encrypted

A Boolean value that, if true, creates an encrypted file system. When creating an encrypted file system, you have the option of specifying CreateFileSystem:KmsKeyId for an existing AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer master key (CMK). If you don't specify a CMK, then the default CMK for Amazon EFS, /aws/elasticfilesystem, is used to protect the encrypted file system.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

KmsKeyId

The ID of the AWS KMS CMK to be used to protect the encrypted file system. This parameter is only required if you want to use a non-default CMK. If this parameter is not specified, the default CMK for Amazon EFS is used. This ID can be in one of the following formats:

  • Key ID - A unique identifier of the key, for example 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab.

  • ARN - An Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the key, for example arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab.

  • Key alias - A previously created display name for a key, for example alias/projectKey1.

  • Key alias ARN - An ARN for a key alias, for example arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:444455556666:alias/projectKey1.

If KmsKeyId is specified, the CreateFileSystem:Encrypted parameter must be set to true.

重要

EFS accepts only symmetric CMKs. You cannot use asymmetric CMKs with EFS file systems.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Maximum length of 2048.

Pattern: ^([0-9a-f]{8}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{12}|alias/[a-zA-Z0-9/_-]+|(arn:aws[-a-z]*:kms:[a-z0-9-]+:\d{12}:((key/[0-9a-f]{8}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{12})|(alias/[a-zA-Z0-9/_-]+))))$

Required: No

PerformanceMode

The performance mode of the file system. We recommend generalPurpose performance mode for most file systems. File systems using the maxIO performance mode can scale to higher levels of aggregate throughput and operations per second with a tradeoff of slightly higher latencies for most file operations. The performance mode can't be changed after the file system has been created.

注意

The maxIO mode is not supported on file systems using One Zone storage classes.

Type: String

Valid Values: generalPurpose | maxIO

Required: No

ProvisionedThroughputInMibps

The throughput, measured in MiB/s, that you want to provision for a file system that you're creating. Valid values are 1-1024. Required if ThroughputMode is set to provisioned. The upper limit for throughput is 1024 MiB/s. To increase this limit, contact AWS Support. For more information, see Amazon EFS quotas that you can increase in the Amazon EFS User Guide.

Type: Double

Valid Range: Minimum value of 1.0.

Required: No

Tags

A value that specifies to create one or more tags associated with the file system. Each tag is a user-defined key-value pair. Name your file system on creation by including a "Key":"Name","Value":"{value}" key-value pair.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Required: No

ThroughputMode

Specifies the throughput mode for the file system, either bursting or provisioned. If you set ThroughputMode to provisioned, you must also set a value for ProvisionedThroughputInMibps. After you create the file system, you can decrease your file system's throughput in Provisioned Throughput mode or change between the throughput modes, as long as it’s been more than 24 hours since the last decrease or throughput mode change. For more information, see Specifying throughput with provisioned mode in the Amazon EFS User Guide.

Default is bursting.

Type: String

Valid Values: bursting | provisioned

Required: No

Response Syntax

HTTP/1.1 201 Content-type: application/json { "AvailabilityZoneId": "string", "AvailabilityZoneName": "string", "CreationTime": number, "CreationToken": "string", "Encrypted": boolean, "FileSystemArn": "string", "FileSystemId": "string", "KmsKeyId": "string", "LifeCycleState": "string", "Name": "string", "NumberOfMountTargets": number, "OwnerId": "string", "PerformanceMode": "string", "ProvisionedThroughputInMibps": number, "SizeInBytes": { "Timestamp": number, "Value": number, "ValueInIA": number, "ValueInStandard": number }, "Tags": [ { "Key": "string", "Value": "string" } ], "ThroughputMode": "string" }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 201 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

AvailabilityZoneId

The unique and consistent identifier of the Availability Zone in which the file system's One Zone storage classes exist. For example, use1-az1 is an Availability Zone ID for the us-east-1 AWS Region, and it has the same location in every AWS account.

Type: String

AvailabilityZoneName

Describes the AWS Availability Zone in which the file system is located, and is valid only for file systems using One Zone storage classes. For more information, see Using EFS storage classes in the Amazon EFS User Guide.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: .+

CreationTime

The time that the file system was created, in seconds (since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z).

Type: Timestamp

CreationToken

The opaque string specified in the request.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: .+

Encrypted

A Boolean value that, if true, indicates that the file system is encrypted.

Type: Boolean

FileSystemArn

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the EFS file system, in the format arn:aws:elasticfilesystem:region:account-id:file-system/file-system-id . Example with sample data: arn:aws:elasticfilesystem:us-west-2:1111333322228888:file-system/fs-01234567

Type: String

FileSystemId

The ID of the file system, assigned by Amazon EFS.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Maximum length of 128.

Pattern: ^(arn:aws[-a-z]*:elasticfilesystem:[0-9a-z-:]+:file-system/fs-[0-9a-f]{8,40}|fs-[0-9a-f]{8,40})$

KmsKeyId

The ID of an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer master key (CMK) that was used to protect the encrypted file system.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Maximum length of 2048.

Pattern: ^([0-9a-f]{8}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{12}|alias/[a-zA-Z0-9/_-]+|(arn:aws[-a-z]*:kms:[a-z0-9-]+:\d{12}:((key/[0-9a-f]{8}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{12})|(alias/[a-zA-Z0-9/_-]+))))$

LifeCycleState

The lifecycle phase of the file system.

Type: String

Valid Values: creating | available | updating | deleting | deleted | error

Name

You can add tags to a file system, including a Name tag. For more information, see CreateFileSystem. If the file system has a Name tag, Amazon EFS returns the value in this field.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Maximum length of 256.

Pattern: ^([\p{L}\p{Z}\p{N}_.:/=+\-@]*)$

NumberOfMountTargets

The current number of mount targets that the file system has. For more information, see CreateMountTarget.

Type: Integer

Valid Range: Minimum value of 0.

OwnerId

The AWS account that created the file system. If the file system was created by an IAM user, the parent account to which the user belongs is the owner.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Maximum length of 14.

Pattern: ^(\d{12})|(\d{4}-\d{4}-\d{4})$

PerformanceMode

The performance mode of the file system.

Type: String

Valid Values: generalPurpose | maxIO

ProvisionedThroughputInMibps

The amount of provisioned throughput, measured in MiB/s, for the file system. Valid for file systems using ThroughputMode set to provisioned.

Type: Double

Valid Range: Minimum value of 1.0.

SizeInBytes

The latest known metered size (in bytes) of data stored in the file system, in its Value field, and the time at which that size was determined in its Timestamp field. The Timestamp value is the integer number of seconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z. The SizeInBytes value doesn't represent the size of a consistent snapshot of the file system, but it is eventually consistent when there are no writes to the file system. That is, SizeInBytes represents actual size only if the file system is not modified for a period longer than a couple of hours. Otherwise, the value is not the exact size that the file system was at any point in time.

Type: FileSystemSize object

Tags

The tags associated with the file system, presented as an array of Tag objects.

Type: Array of Tag objects

ThroughputMode

Displays the file system's throughput mode. For more information, see Throughput modes in the Amazon EFS User Guide.

Type: String

Valid Values: bursting | provisioned

Errors

BadRequest

Returned if the request is malformed or contains an error such as an invalid parameter value or a missing required parameter.

HTTP Status Code: 400

FileSystemAlreadyExists

Returned if the file system you are trying to create already exists, with the creation token you provided.

HTTP Status Code: 409

FileSystemLimitExceeded

Returned if the AWS account has already created the maximum number of file systems allowed per account.

HTTP Status Code: 403

InsufficientThroughputCapacity

Returned if there's not enough capacity to provision additional throughput. This value might be returned when you try to create a file system in provisioned throughput mode, when you attempt to increase the provisioned throughput of an existing file system, or when you attempt to change an existing file system from bursting to provisioned throughput mode. Try again later.

HTTP Status Code: 503

InternalServerError

Returned if an error occurred on the server side.

HTTP Status Code: 500

ThroughputLimitExceeded

Returned if the throughput mode or amount of provisioned throughput can't be changed because the throughput limit of 1024 MiB/s has been reached.

HTTP Status Code: 400

UnsupportedAvailabilityZone

Returned if the requested Amazon EFS functionality is not available in the specified Availability Zone.

HTTP Status Code: 400

Examples

Create an encrypted EFS file system

The following example sends a POST request to create a file system in the us-west-2 Region with automatic backups enabled. The request specifies myFileSystem1 as the creation token for idempotency.

Sample Request

POST /2015-02-01/file-systems HTTP/1.1 Host: elasticfilesystem.us-west-2.amazonaws.com x-amz-date: 20140620T215117Z Authorization: <...> Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 42 { "CreationToken" : "myFileSystem1", "PerformanceMode" : "generalPurpose", "Backup": true, "Encrypted": true, "Tags":[ { "Key": "Name", "Value": "Test Group1" } ] }

Sample Response

HTTP/1.1 201 Created x-amzn-RequestId: 01234567-89ab-cdef-0123-456789abcdef Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 319 { "ownerId":"251839141158", "CreationToken":"myFileSystem1", "Encrypted": true, "PerformanceMode" : "generalPurpose", "fileSystemId":"fs-01234567", "CreationTime":"1403301078", "LifeCycleState":"creating", "numberOfMountTargets":0, "SizeInBytes":{ "Timestamp": 1403301078, "Value": 29313417216, "ValueInIA": 675432, "ValueInStandard": 29312741784 }, "Tags":[ { "Key": "Name", "Value": "Test Group1" } ], "ThroughputMode": "bursting" }

Create an encrypted EFS file system that uses One Zone storage classes

The following example sends a POST request to create a file system in the us-west-2 Region with automatic backups enabled. The file system will have One Zone storage redundancy in the us-west-2b Availability Zone.

Sample Request

POST /2015-02-01/file-systems HTTP/1.1 Host: elasticfilesystem.us-west-2.amazonaws.com x-amz-date: 20140620T215117Z Authorization: <...> Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 42 { "CreationToken" : "myFileSystem2", "PerformanceMode" : "generalPurpose", "Backup": true, "AvailabilityZoneName": "us-west-2b", "Encrypted": true, "ThroughputMode": "provisioned", "ProvisionedThroughputInMibps": 60, "Tags":[ { "Key": "Name", "Value": "Test Group1" } ] }

Sample Response

HTTP/1.1 201 Created x-amzn-RequestId: 01234567-89ab-cdef-0123-456789abcdef Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 319 { "ownerId":"251839141158", "CreationToken":"myFileSystem1", "Encrypted": true, "AvailabilityZoneId": "usew2-az2", "AvailabilityZoneName": "us-west-2b", "PerformanceMode" : "generalPurpose", "fileSystemId":"fs-01234567", "CreationTime":"1403301078", "LifeCycleState":"creating", "numberOfMountTargets":0, "ProvisionedThroughputInMibps": 60, "SizeInBytes":{ "Timestamp": 1403301078, "Value": 29313417216, "ValueInIA": 675432, "ValueInStandard": 29312741784 }, "Tags":[ { "Key": "Name", "Value": "Test Group1" } ], "ThroughputMode": "provisioned" }

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: