Tutorial: Create a VPC for use with a DB cluster (IPv4 only) - Amazon Aurora
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Tutorial: Create a VPC for use with a DB cluster (IPv4 only)

A common scenario includes a DB cluster in a virtual private cloud (VPC) based on the Amazon VPC service. This VPC shares data with a web server that is running in the same VPC. In this tutorial, you create the VPC for this scenario.

The following diagram shows this scenario. For information about other scenarios, see Scenarios for accessing a DB cluster in a VPC.


            Single VPC scenario

Your DB cluster needs to be available only to your web server, and not to the public internet. Thus, you create a VPC with both public and private subnets. The web server is hosted in the public subnet, so that it can reach the public internet. The DB cluster is hosted in a private subnet. The web server can connect to the DB cluster because it is hosted within the same VPC. But the DB cluster isn't available to the public internet, providing greater security.

This tutorial configures an additional public and private subnet in a separate Availability Zone. These subnets aren't used by the tutorial. An RDS DB subnet group requires a subnet in at least two Availability Zones. The additional subnet makes it easier to configure more than one Aurora DB instance.

This tutorial describes configuring a VPC for Amazon Aurora DB clusters. For a tutorial that shows you how to create a web server for this VPC scenario, see Tutorial: Create a web server and an Amazon Aurora DB cluster. For more information about Amazon VPC, see Amazon VPC Getting Started Guide and Amazon VPC User Guide.

Tip

You can set up network connectivity between an Amazon EC2 instance and a DB cluster automatically when you create the DB cluster. The network configuration is similar to the one described in this tutorial. For more information, see Configure automatic network connectivity with an EC2 instance.

Create a VPC with private and public subnets

Use the following procedure to create a VPC with both public and private subnets.

To create a VPC and subnets

  1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

  2. In the top-right corner of the Amazon Web Services Management Console, choose the Region to create your VPC in. This example uses the US West (Oregon) Region.

  3. In the upper-left corner, choose VPC dashboard. To begin creating a VPC, choose Create VPC.

  4. For Resources to create under VPC settings, choose VPC and more.

  5. For the VPC settings, set these values:

    • Name tag auto-generationtutorial

    • IPv4 CIDR block10.0.0.0/16

    • IPv6 CIDR blockNo IPv6 CIDR block

    • TenancyDefault

    • Number of Availability Zones (AZs)2

    • Customize AZs – Keep the default values.

    • Number of public subnet2

    • Number of private subnets2

    • Customize subnets CIDR blocks – Keep the default values.

    • NAT gateways ($)None

    • VPC endpointsNone

    • DNS options – Keep the default values.

  6. Choose Create VPC.

Create a VPC security group for a public web server

Next, you create a security group for public access. To connect to public EC2 instances in your VPC, you add inbound rules to your VPC security group. These allow traffic to connect from the internet.

To create a VPC security group

  1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

  2. Choose VPC Dashboard, choose Security Groups, and then choose Create security group.

  3. On the Create security group page, set these values:

    • Security group name: tutorial-securitygroup

    • Description: Tutorial Security Group

    • VPC: Choose the VPC that you created earlier, for example: vpc-identifier (tutorial-vpc)

  4. Add inbound rules to the security group.

    1. Determine the IP address to use to connect to EC2 instances in your VPC using Secure Shell (SSH). To determine your public IP address, in a different browser window or tab, you can use the service at https://checkip.amazonaws.com. An example of an IP address is 203.0.113.25/32.

      In many cases, you might connect through an internet service provider (ISP) or from behind your firewall without a static IP address. If so, find the range of IP addresses used by client computers.

      Warning

      If you use 0.0.0.0/0 for SSH access, you make it possible for all IP addresses to access your public instances using SSH. This approach is acceptable for a short time in a test environment, but it's unsafe for production environments. In production, authorize only a specific IP address or range of addresses to access your instances using SSH.

    2. In the Inbound rules section, choose Add rule.

    3. Set the following values for your new inbound rule to allow SSH access to your Amazon EC2 instance. If you do this, you can connect to your Amazon EC2 instance to install the web server and other utilities. You also connect to your EC2 instance to upload content for your web server.

      • Type: SSH

      • Source: The IP address or range from Step a, for example: 203.0.113.25/32.

    4. Choose Add rule.

    5. Set the following values for your new inbound rule to allow HTTP access to your web server:

      • Type: HTTP

      • Source: 0.0.0.0/0

  5. Choose Create security group to create the security group.

    Note the security group ID because you need it later in this tutorial.

Create a VPC security group for a private DB cluster

To keep your DB cluster private, create a second security group for private access. To connect to private DB clustersin your VPC, you add inbound rules to your VPC security group that allow traffic from your web server only.

To create a VPC security group

  1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

  2. Choose VPC Dashboard, choose Security Groups, and then choose Create security group.

  3. On the Create security group page, set these values:

    • Security group name: tutorial-db-securitygroup

    • Description: Tutorial DB Instance Security Group

    • VPC: Choose the VPC that you created earlier, for example: vpc-identifier (tutorial-vpc)

  4. Add inbound rules to the security group.

    1. In the Inbound rules section, choose Add rule.

    2. Set the following values for your new inbound rule to allow MySQL traffic on port 3306 from your Amazon EC2 instance. If you do this, you can connect from your web server to your DB cluster. By doing so, you can store and retrieve data from your web application to your database.

      • Type: MySQL/Aurora

      • Source: The identifier of the tutorial-securitygroup security group that you created previously in this tutorial, for example: sg-9edd5cfb.

  5. Choose Create security group to create the security group.

Create a DB subnet group

A DB subnet group is a collection of subnets that you create in a VPC and that you then designate for your DB clusters. A DB subnet group makes it possible for you to specify a particular VPC when creating DB clusters.

To create a DB subnet group

  1. Identify the private subnets for your database in the VPC.

    1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

    2. Choose VPC Dashboard, and then choose Subnets.

    3. Note the subnet IDs of the subnets named tutorial-subnet-private1-us-west-2a and tutorial-subnet-private2-us-west-2b.

      You need the subnet IDs when you create your DB subnet group.

  2. Open the Amazon RDS console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/rds/.

    Make sure that you connect to the Amazon RDS console, not to the Amazon VPC console.

  3. In the navigation pane, choose Subnet groups.

  4. Choose Create DB subnet group.

  5. On the Create DB subnet group page, set these values in Subnet group details:

    • Name: tutorial-db-subnet-group

    • Description: Tutorial DB Subnet Group

    • VPC: tutorial-vpc (vpc-identifier)

  6. In the Add subnets section, choose the Availability Zones and Subnets.

    For this tutorial, choose us-west-2a and us-west-2b for the Availability Zones. For Subnets, choose the private subnets you identified in the previous step.

  7. Choose Create.

    Your new DB subnet group appears in the DB subnet groups list on the RDS console. You can choose the DB subnet group to see details in the details pane at the bottom of the window. These details include all of the subnets associated with the group.

Note

If you created this VPC to complete Tutorial: Create a web server and an Amazon Aurora DB cluster, create the DB cluster by following the instructions in Create an Amazon Aurora DB cluster.

Deleting the VPC

After you create the VPC and other resources for this tutorial, you can delete them if they are no longer needed.

Note

If you added resources in the VPC that you created for this tutorial, you might need to delete these before you can delete the VPC. For example, these resources might include Amazon EC2 instances or Amazon RDS DB clusters. For more information, see Delete your VPC in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

To delete a VPC and related resources

  1. Delete the DB subnet group.

    1. Open the Amazon RDS console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/rds/.

    2. In the navigation pane, choose Subnet groups.

    3. Select the DB subnet group you want to delete, such as tutorial-db-subnet-group.

    4. Choose Delete, and then choose Delete in the confirmation window.

  2. Note the VPC ID.

    1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

    2. Choose VPC Dashboard, and then choose VPCs.

    3. In the list, identify the VPC that you created, such as tutorial-vpc.

    4. Note the VPC ID of the VPC that you created. You need the VPC ID in later steps.

  3. Delete the security groups.

    1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

    2. Choose VPC Dashboard, and then choose Security Groups.

    3. Select the security group for the Amazon RDS DB instance, such as tutorial-db-securitygroup.

    4. For Actions, choose Delete security groups, and then choose Delete on the confirmation page.

    5. On the Security Groups page, select the security group for the Amazon EC2 instance, such as tutorial-securitygroup.

    6. For Actions, choose Delete security groups, and then choose Delete on the confirmation page.

  4. Delete the NAT gateway.

    1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

    2. Choose VPC Dashboard, and then choose NAT Gateways.

    3. Select the NAT gateway of the VPC that you created. Use the VPC ID to identify the correct NAT gateway.

    4. For Actions, choose Delete NAT gateway.

    5. On the confirmation page, enter delete, and then choose Delete.

  5. Delete the VPC.

    1. Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/vpc/.

    2. Choose VPC Dashboard, and then choose VPCs.

    3. Select the VPC you want to delete, such as tutorial-vpc.

    4. For Actions, choose Delete VPC.

      The confirmation page shows other resources that are associated with the VPC that will also be deleted, including the subnets associated with it.

    5. On the confirmation page, enter delete, and then choose Delete.

  6. Release the Elastic IP addresses:

    1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/ec2/.

    2. Choose Amazon EC2 Dashboard, and then choose Elastic IPs.

    3. Select the Elastic IP address you want to release.

    4. For Actions, choose Release Elastic IP addresses.

    5. On the confirmation page, choose Release.