Migrate user Lambda trigger - Amazon Cognito
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Migrate user Lambda trigger

When a user doesn't exist in the user pool at sign-in with a password, or in the forgot-password flow, Amazon Cognito invokes this trigger. After the Lambda function returns successfully, Amazon Cognito creates the user in the user pool. For details on the authentication flow with the user migration Lambda trigger, see Importing users into user pools with a user migration Lambda trigger.

To migrate users from your existing user directory into Amazon Cognito user pools at sign-in, or during the forgot-password flow, use this Lambda trigger.

Migrate user Lambda trigger sources

triggerSource value Event
UserMigration_Authentication User migration at sign-in.
UserMigration_ForgotPassword User migration during forgot-password flow.

Migrate user Lambda trigger parameters

The request that Amazon Cognito passes to this Lambda function is a combination of the parameters below and the common parameters that Amazon Cognito adds to all requests.

{ "userName": "string", "request": { "password": "string", "validationData": { "string": "string", . . . }, "clientMetadata": { "string": "string", . . . } }, "response": { "userAttributes": { "string": "string", . . . }, "finalUserStatus": "string", "messageAction": "string", "desiredDeliveryMediums": [ "string", . . .], "forceAliasCreation": boolean, "enableSMSMFA": boolean } }

Migrate user request parameters


The username that the user enters at sign-in.


The password that the user enters at sign-in. Amazon Cognito doesn't send this value in a request that's initiated by a forgot-password flow.


One or more key-value pairs that contain the validation data in the user's sign-in request. To pass this data to your Lambda function, you can use the ClientMetadata parameter in the InitiateAuth and AdminInitiateAuth API actions.


One or more key-value pairs that you can provide as custom input to the Lambda function for the migrate user trigger. To pass this data to your Lambda function, you can use the ClientMetadata parameter in the AdminRespondToAuthChallenge and ForgotPassword API actions.

Migrate user response parameters


This field is required.

This field must contain one or more name-value pairs that Amazon Cognito stores in the user profile in your user pool and uses as user attributes. You can include both standard and custom user attributes. Custom attributes require the custom: prefix to distinguish them from standard attributes. For more information, see Custom attributes.


To reset their passwords in the forgot-password flow, a user must have either a verified email address or a verified phone number. Amazon Cognito sends a message containing a reset password code to the email address or phone number in the user attributes.

Attributes Requirement
Any attributes marked as required when you created your user pool If any required attributes are missing during the migration, Amazon Cognito uses default values.

Required if you configured your user pool with alias attributes in addition to username for sign-in, and the user has entered an valid alias value as a username. This alias value can be an email address, preferred username, or phone number.

If the request and the user pool meet the alias requirements, the response from your function must assign the username parameter that it received to an alias attribute, Also, the response must assign your own value to the username attribute. If your user pool doesn't meet the conditions required to map the received username to an alias, then the username parameter in the response must either exactly match the request, or be omitted.


username must be unique in the user pool.


You can set this parameter to CONFIRMED to auto-confirm your users so that they can sign in with their previous passwords. When you set a user to CONFIRMED, they do not need to take additional action before they can sign in. If you don't set this attribute to CONFIRMED, it's set to RESET_REQUIRED.

A finalUserStatus of RESET_REQUIRED means that the user must change their password immediately after migration at sign-in, and your client app must handle the PasswordResetRequiredException during the authentication flow.


Amazon Cognito doesn't enforce the password strength policy that you configured for the user pool during migration using Lambda trigger. If the password doesn't meet the password policy that you configured, Amazon Cognito still accepts the password so that it can continue to migrate the user. To enforce password strength policy and reject passwords that don't meet the policy, validate the password strength in your code. Then, if the password doesn't meet the policy, set finalUserStatus to RESET_REQUIRED.


You can set this parameter to SUPPRESS to decline to send the welcome message that Amazon Cognito usually sends to new users. If your function doesn't return this parameter, Amazon Cognito sends the welcome message.


You can set this parameter to EMAIL to send the welcome message by email, or SMS to send the welcome message by SMS. If your function doesn't return this parameter, Amazon Cognito sends the welcome message by SMS.


If you set this parameter to TRUE and the phone number or email address in the UserAttributes parameter already exists as an alias with a different user, the API call migrates the alias from the previous user to the newly created user. The previous user can no longer log in using that alias.

If you set this parameter to FALSE and the alias exists, Amazon Cognito doesn't migrate the user and returns an error to the client app.

If you don't return this parameter, Amazon Cognito assumes its value is "false".


Set this parameter to true to require that your migrated user complete SMS text message multi-factor authentication (MFA) to sign in. Your user pool must have MFA enabled. Your user's attributes in the request parameters must include a phone number, or else the migration of that user will fail.

Example: Migrate a user with an existing password

This example Lambda function migrates the user with an existing password and suppresses the welcome message from Amazon Cognito.

const validUsers = { belladonna: { password: "Test123", emailAddress: "bella@example.com" }, }; // Replace this mock with a call to a real authentication service. const authenticateUser = (username, password) => { if (validUsers[username] && validUsers[username].password === password) { return validUsers[username]; } else { return null; } }; const lookupUser = (username) => { const user = validUsers[username]; if (user) { return { emailAddress: user.emailAddress }; } else { return null; } }; const handler = async (event) => { if (event.triggerSource == "UserMigration_Authentication") { // Authenticate the user with your existing user directory service const user = authenticateUser(event.userName, event.request.password); if (user) { event.response.userAttributes = { email: user.emailAddress, email_verified: "true", }; event.response.finalUserStatus = "CONFIRMED"; event.response.messageAction = "SUPPRESS"; } } else if (event.triggerSource == "UserMigration_ForgotPassword") { // Look up the user in your existing user directory service const user = lookupUser(event.userName); if (user) { event.response.userAttributes = { email: user.emailAddress, // Required to enable password-reset code to be sent to user email_verified: "true", }; event.response.messageAction = "SUPPRESS"; } } return event; }; export { handler };