Session Options - SQL Server to Aurora MySQL Migration Playbook
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Session Options

Feature compatibility Amazon SCT / Amazon DMS automation level Amazon SCT action code index Key differences


                              Two star feature compatibility

N/A

N/A

SET options are significantly different, except for transaction isolation control.

SQL Server Usage

Session options in SQL Server is a collection of run-time settings that control certain aspects of how the server handles data for individual sessions. A session is the period between a login event and a disconnect event or the exec sp_reset_connection command for connection pooling.

Each session may have multiple run scopes, which are all the statements before the GO keyword used in SQL Server management Studio scripts, or any set of commands sent as a single run batch by a client application. Each run scope may contain additional sub-scopes. For example, scripts calling stored procedures or functions.

You can set the global session options, which all run scopes use by default, using the SET T-SQL command. Server code modules such as stored procedures and functions may have their own run context settings, which are saved along with the code to guarantee the validity of results.

Developers can explicitly use SET commands to change the default settings for any session or for an run scope within the session. Typically, client applications send explicit SET commands upon connection initiation.

You can view the metadata for current sessions using the sp_who_system stored procedure and the sysprocesses system table.

Note

To change the default setting for SQL Server Management Studio, choose Tools, Options, Query Execution, SQL Server, Advanced.

Syntax

The following example includes categories and settings for the SET command:

SET
Date and time
DATEFIRST | DATEFORMAT
Locking
DEADLOCK_PRIORITY | SET LOCK_TIMEOUT
Miscellaneous
CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL | CURSOR_CLOSE_ON_COMMIT | FIPS_FLAGGER |
SET IDENTITY_INSERT | LANGUAGE | OFFSETS | QUOTED_IDENTIFIER
Query Execution
ARITHABORT | ARITHIGNORE | FMTONLY | NOCOUNT | NOEXEC |
NUMERIC_ROUNDABORT | PARSEONLY | QUERY_GOVERNOR_COST_LIMIT |
ROWCOUNT | TEXTSIZE | ANSI ANSI_DEFAULTS | ANSI_NULL_DFLT_OFF |
ANSI_NULL_DFLT_ON | ANSI_NULLS | ANSI_PADDING |  ANSI_WARNINGS
Execution Stats
FORCEPLAN | SHOWPLAN_ALL | SHOWPLAN_TEXT | SHOWPLAN_XML | STATISTICS IO |
STATISTICS XML | STATISTICS PROFILE | STATISTICS TIME
Transactions
IMPLICIT_TRANSACTIONS | REMOTE_PROC_TRANSACTIONS |
TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL | XACT_ABORT

For more information, see SET Statements (Transact-SQL) in the SQL Server documentation.

SET ROWCOUNT for DML Deprecated Setting

The SET ROWCOUNT for DML statements has been deprecated as of SQL Server 2008.

Up to and including SQL Server 2008 R2, you could limit the number of rows affected by INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE operations using SET ROWCOUNT. For example, it is a common practice in SQL Server to batch large DELETE or UPDATE operations to avoid transaction logging issues. The following example loops and deletes rows having ForDelete set to 1, but only 5000 rows at a time in separate transactions (assuming the loop isn’t within an explicit transaction).

SET ROWCOUNT 5000;
WHILE @@ROWCOUNT > 0
BEGIN
    DELETE FROM MyTable
    WHERE ForDelete = 1;
END

Starting with SQL Server 2012, SET ROWCOUNT is ignored for INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE statements.

You can achieve the same functionality using TOP, which can be converted to LIMIT in Aurora MySQL. For example, you can rewrite the preceding example as shown following:

WHILE @@ROWCOUNT > 0
BEGIN
    DELETE TOP (5000)
    FROM MyTable
    WHERE ForDelete = 1;
END

Amazon Schema Conversion Tool (Amazon SCT automatically converts this example to Aurora MySQL.

Examples

Use SET within a stored procedure.

CREATE PROCEDURE <ProcedureName>
AS
BEGIN
    <Some non critical transaction code>
    SET TRANSACTION_ISOLATION_LEVEL SERIALIZABLE;
    SET XACT_ABORT ON;
    <Some critical transaction code>
END
Note

Explicit SET commands affect their run scope and sub scopes. After the scope terminates and the procedure code exits, the calling scope resumes its original settings used before the calling the stored procedure.

For more information, see SET Statements (Transact-SQL) in the SQL Server documentation.

MySQL Usage

Amazon Aurora MySQL-Compatible Edition (Aurora MySQL) supports hundreds of Server System Variables to control server behavior and the global and session levels.

Use the SHOW VARIABLES command to view a list of all variables.

SHOW SESSION VARIABLES;
-- 532 rows returned
Note

Aurora MySQL 5.7 provides additional variables that don’t exist in MySQL 5.7 standalone installations. These variables are prefixed with Amazon Aurora or Amazon.

You can view Aurora MySQL variables using the MySQL command line utility, Aurora database cluster parameters, Aurora database instance parameters, or SQL interface system variables.

To view all sessions, use the SHOW PROCESSLIST command or the information_schema PROCESSLIST view, which displays information such as session current status, default database, host name, and application name.

Note

Unlike standalone installations of MySQL, Amazon Aurora doesn’t provide access to the configuration file containing system variable defaults. Cluster-level parameters are managed in database cluster parameter groups and instance-level parameters are managed in database parameter groups. In Aurora MySQL, some parameters from the full base set of standalone MySQL installations can’t be modified and others were removed. See Server Options for a walkthrough of creating a custom parameter group.

Converting from SQL Server 2008 SET ROWCOUNT for DML operations

The use of SET ROWCOUNT for DML operations is deprecated as of SQL Server 2008 R2. Code that uses the SET ROWCOUNT syntax can’t be converted automatically. You can either rewrite to use TOP before running Amazon SCT, or manually change it afterward.

The following example runs batch DELETE operations in SQL Server using TOP:

WHILE @@ROWCOUNT > 0
BEGIN
    DELETE TOP (5000)
    FROM MyTable
    WHERE ForDelete = 1;
END

You can rewrite the preceding example to use the LIMIT clause in Aurora MySQL.

WHILE row_count() > 0
DO
    DELETE
    FROM MyTable
    WHERE ForDelete = 1
    LIMIT 5000;
END WHILE;

Examples

View the metadata for all processes.

SELECT *
FROM information_schema.PROCESSLIST;
SHOW PROCESSLIST;

Use the SET command to change session isolation level and SQL mode.

SET sql_mode = 'ANSI_QUOTES';
SET SESSION TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL 'READ-COMMITTED';

Set isolation level using a system variable.

SET SESSION tx_isolation = 'READ-COMMITTED'

The SET SESSION command is the equivalent to the SET command in T-SQL.

However, there are far more configurable parameters in Aurora MySQL than in SQL Server.

Summary

The following table summarizes commonly used SQL Server session options and their corresponding Aurora MySQL system variables.

Category SQL Server Aurora MySQL Comments

Date and time

DATEFIRST

DATEFORMAT

default_week_format

date_format (deprecated)

default_week_format operates different than DATEFIRST. You can use only Sunday and Monday as the start of the week. It also controls what is considered week one of the year and whether returned WEEK value is zero- based, or one-based. There is no alternative to the deprecated date_format variable.

Locking

LOCK_TIMEOUT

lock_wait_timeout

Set in database parameter groups.

ANSI

ANSI_NULLS

ANSI_PADDING

N/A

PAD_CHAR_TO_FULL_LENGTH

Set with the sql_mode system variable.

Transactions

IMPLICIT_TRANSACTIONS

TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL

autocommit

SET SESSION TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL

The default for Aurora MySQL, as in SQL server, is to commit automatically. Syntax is compatible except the addition of the SESSION keyword.

Query run

IDENTITY_INSERT

LANGUAGE

QUOTED_IDENTIFIER

NOCOUNT

See Identity and Sequences

lc_time_names

ANSI_QUOTES

N/A and not needed

lc_time_names are set in a database parameter group. lc_messages isn’t supported in Aurora MySQL. ANSI_QUOTES is a value for the sql_mode parameter. Aurora MySQL doesn’t add row count information to the errors collection.

Runtime stats

SHOWPLAN_ALL, TEXT, and XML

STATISTICS IO, XML, PROFILE, and TIME

See Run Plans

Miscellaneous

CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL

ROWCOUNT

N/A

sql_select_limit

Aurora MySQL always returns NULL for any NULL concatenation operation. sql_select_limit only affects SELECT statements unlike ROWCOUNT, which also affects all DML.

For more information, see Server System Variables in the MySQL documentation.