How Amazon FSx File Gateway works - Amazon Storage Gateway
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Volume Gateway documentation has been moved to What is Volume Gateway?

Tape Gateway documentation has been moved to What is Tape Gateway?

How Amazon FSx File Gateway works

To use Amazon FSx File Gateway (FSx File Gateway), you must have at least one Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file system. You must also have on-premises access to FSx for Windows File Server, either through a VPN or through an Amazon Direct Connect connection. For more information about using Amazon FSx file systems, see What is Amazon FSx for Windows File Server?

You deploy the gateway into your on-premises environment as a virtual machine (VM) running on VMware ESXi, Microsoft Hyper-V, or Linux Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM), or as a hardware appliance that you order from your preferred reseller. You can also deploy the Storage Gateway VM in VMware Cloud on Amazon, or as an AMI in Amazon EC2. After deploying your appliance, you activate the FSx File Gateway from the Storage Gateway console or through the Storage Gateway API.

After the Amazon FSx File Gateway is activated and can access FSx for Windows File Server, use the Storage Gateway console to join it to your Microsoft Active Directory domain. After the gateway successfully joins a domain, you use the Storage Gateway console to attach the gateway to an existing FSx for Windows File Server. FSx for Windows File Server makes all the shares on the server available as shares on your Amazon FSx File Gateway. You can then use a client to browse and connect to the file shares on FSx File Gateway that correspond to the selected FSx File Gateway.

When the file shares are connected, you can read and write your files locally, while benefiting from all the features available on FSx for Windows File Server. FSx File Gateway maps local file shares and their contents to file shares stored remotely in FSx for Windows File Server. There is a 1:1 correspondence between the remote and locally visible files and their shares.

The following diagram provides an overview of file storage deployment for Storage Gateway.


                Storage Gateway connecting SMB clients through Active Directory to Amazon FSx cloud
                    storage.

Note the following in the diagram:

  • Amazon Direct Connect or a VPN is needed to allow the FSx File Gateway to access the Amazon FSx file share using SMB and to allow the FSx for Windows File Server to join your on-premises Active Directory domain.

  • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) is needed to connect to the FSx for Windows File Server service VPC and the Storage Gateway service VPC using private endpoints. The FSx File Gateway can also connect to the public endpoints.

You can use Amazon FSx File Gateway in all Amazon Regions where FSx for Windows File Server is available.