Tutorial: Build and run the sample IDT test suite - Amazon IoT Greengrass
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Amazon IoT Greengrass Version 1 no longer receives feature updates, and will receive only security patches and bug fixes until June 30, 2023. For more information, see the Amazon IoT Greengrass V1 maintenance policy. We strongly recommend that you migrate to Amazon IoT Greengrass Version 2, which adds significant new features and support for additional platforms.

Tutorial: Build and run the sample IDT test suite

The Amazon IoT Device Tester download includes the source code for a sample test suite. You can complete this tutorial to build and run the sample test suite to understand how you can use Amazon IoT Device Tester for Amazon IoT Greengrass to run custom test suites.

In this tutorial, you will complete the following steps:

  1. Build the sample test suite

  2. Use IDT to run the sample test suite

Prerequisites

To complete this tutorial, you need the following:

  • Host computer requirements

    • Latest version of Amazon IoT Device Tester

    • Python 3.7 or later

      To check the version of Python installed on your computer, run the following command:

      python3 --version

      On Windows, if using this command returns an error, then use python --version instead. If the returned version number is 3.7 or greater, then run the following command in a Powershell terminal to set python3 as an alias for your python command.

      Set-Alias -Name "python3" -Value "python"

      If no version information is returned or if the version number is less than 3.7, follow the instructions in Downloading Python to install Python 3.7+. For more information, see the Python documentation.

    • urllib3

      To verify that urllib3 is installed correctly, run the following command:

      python3 -c 'import urllib3'

      If urllib3 is not installed, run the following command to install it:

      python3 -m pip install urllib3
  • Device requirements

    • A device with a Linux operating system and a network connection to the same network as your host computer.

      We recommend that you use a Raspberry Pi with Raspberry Pi OS. Make sure you set up SSH on your Raspberry Pi to remotely connect to it.

Configure device information for IDT

Configure your device information for IDT to run the test. You must update the device.json template located in the <device-tester-extract-location>/configs folder with the following information.

[ { "id": "pool", "sku": "N/A", "devices": [ { "id": "<device-id>", "connectivity": { "protocol": "ssh", "ip": "<ip-address>", "port": "<port>", "auth": { "method": "pki | password", "credentials": { "user": "<user-name>", "privKeyPath": "/path/to/private/key", "password": "<password>" } } } } ] } ]

In the devices object, provide the following information:

id

A user-defined unique identifier for your device.

connectivity.ip

The IP address of your device.

connectivity.port

Optional. The port number to use for SSH connections to your device.

connectivity.auth

Authentication information for the connection.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to ssh.

connectivity.auth.method

The authentication method used to access a device over the given connectivity protocol.

Supported values are:

  • pki

  • password

connectivity.auth.credentials

The credentials used for authentication.

connectivity.auth.credentials.user

The user name used to sign in to your device.

connectivity.auth.credentials.privKeyPath

The full path to the private key used to sign in to your device.

This value applies only if connectivity.auth.method is set to pki.

devices.connectivity.auth.credentials.password

The password used for signing in to your device.

This value applies only if connectivity.auth.method is set to password.

Note

Specify privKeyPath only if method is set to pki.

Specify password only if method is set to password.

Build the sample test suite

The <device-tester-extract-location>/samples/python folder contains sample configuration files, source code, and the IDT Client SDK that you can combine into a test suite using the provided build scripts. The following directory tree shows the location of these sample files:

<device-tester-extract-location> ├── ... ├── tests ├── samples │ ├── ... │ └── python │ ├── configuration │ ├── src │ └── build-scripts │ ├── build.sh │ └── build.ps1 └── sdks ├── ... └── python └── idt_client

To build the test suite, run the following commands on your host computer:

Windows
cd <device-tester-extract-location>/samples/python/build-scripts ./build.ps1
Linux, macOS, or UNIX
cd <device-tester-extract-location>/samples/python/build-scripts ./build.sh

This creates the sample test suite in the IDTSampleSuitePython_1.0.0 folder within the <device-tester-extract-location>/tests folder. Review the files in the IDTSampleSuitePython_1.0.0 folder to understand how the sample test suite is structured and see various examples of test case executables and test configuration JSON files.

Next step: Use IDT to run the sample test suite that you created.

Use IDT to run the sample test suite

To run the sample test suite, run the following commands on your host computer:

cd <device-tester-extract-location>/bin ./devicetester_[linux | mac | win_x86-64] run-suite --suite-id IDTSampleSuitePython

IDT runs the sample test suite and streams the results to the console. When the test has finished running, you see the following information:

========== Test Summary ========== Execution Time: 5s Tests Completed: 4 Tests Passed: 4 Tests Failed: 0 Tests Skipped: 0 ---------------------------------- Test Groups: sample_group: PASSED ---------------------------------- Path to IoT Device Tester Report: /path/to/devicetester/results/87e673c6-1226-11eb-9269-8c8590419f30/awsiotdevicetester_report.xml Path to Test Execution Logs: /path/to/devicetester/results/87e673c6-1226-11eb-9269-8c8590419f30/logs Path to Aggregated JUnit Report: /path/to/devicetester/results/87e673c6-1226-11eb-9269-8c8590419f30/IDTSampleSuitePython_Report.xml

Troubleshooting

Use the following information to help resolve any issues with completing the tutorial.

Test case does not run successfully

If the test does not run successfully, IDT streams the error logs to the console that can help you troubleshoot the test run. Make sure that you meet all the prerequisites for this tutorial.

Cannot connect to the device under test

Verify the following:

  • Your device.json file contains the correct IP address, port, and authentication information.

  • You can connect to your device over SSH from your host computer.