Configure settings for test runners - Amazon IoT Greengrass
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China.

Amazon IoT Greengrass Version 1 no longer receives feature updates, and will receive only security patches and bug fixes until June 30, 2023. For more information, see the Amazon IoT Greengrass V1 maintenance policy. We strongly recommend that you migrate to Amazon IoT Greengrass Version 2, which adds significant new features and support for additional platforms.

Configure settings for test runners

To run custom test suites, test runners must configure their settings based on the test suite that they want to run. Settings are specified based on JSON configuration file templates located in the <device-tester-extract-location>/configs/ folder. If required, test runners must also set up Amazon credentials that IDT will use to connect to the Amazon cloud.

As a test writer, you will need to configure these files to debug your test suite. You must provide instructions to test runners so that they can configure the following settings as needed to run your test suites.

Configure device.json

The device.json file contains information about the devices that tests are run on (for example, IP address, login information, operating system, and CPU architecture).

Test runners can provide this information using the following template device.json file located in the <device-tester-extract-location>/configs/ folder.

[ { "id": "<pool-id>", "sku": "<pool-sku>", "features": [ { "name": "<feature-name>", "value": "<feature-value>", "configs": [ { "name": "<config-name>", "value": "<config-value>" } ], } ], "devices": [ { "id": "<device-id>", "connectivity": { "protocol": "ssh | uart | docker", // ssh "ip": "<ip-address>", "port": <port-number>, "auth": { "method": "pki | password", "credentials": { "user": "<user-name>", // pki "privKeyPath": "/path/to/private/key", // password "password": "<password>", } }, // uart "serialPort": "<serial-port>", // docker "containerId": "<container-id>", "containerUser": "<container-user-name>", } } ] } ]

All fields that contain values are required as described here:

id

A user-defined alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies a collection of devices called a device pool. Devices that belong to a pool must have identical hardware. When you run a suite of tests, devices in the pool are used to parallelize the workload. Multiple devices are used to run different tests.

sku

An alphanumeric value that uniquely identifies the device under test. The SKU is used to track qualified devices.

Note

If you want to list your board in the Amazon Partner Device Catalog, the SKU you specify here must match the SKU that you use in the listing process.

features

Optional. An array that contains the device's supported features. Device features are user-defined values that you configure in your test suite. You must provide your test runners with information about the feature names and values to include in the device.json file. For example, if you want to test a device that functions as an MQTT server for other devices, then you can configure your test logic to validate specific supported levels for a feature named MQTT_QOS. Test runners provide this feature name and set the feature value to the QOS levels supported by their device. You can retrieve the provided information from the IDT context with the devicePool.features query, or from the state machine context with the pool.features query.

features.name

The name of the feature.

features.value

The supported feature values.

features.configs

Configuration settings, if needed, for the feature.

features.config.name

The name of the configuration setting.

features.config.value

The supported setting values.

devices

An array of devices in the pool to be tested. At least one device is required.

devices.id

A user-defined unique identifier for the device being tested.

connectivity.protocol

The communication protocol used to communicate with this device. Each device in a pool must use the same protocol.

Currently, the only supported values are ssh and uart for physical devices, and docker for Docker containers.

connectivity.ip

The IP address of the device being tested.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to ssh.

connectivity.port

Optional. The port number to use for SSH connections.

The default value is 22.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to ssh.

connectivity.auth

Authentication information for the connection.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to ssh.

connectivity.auth.method

The authentication method used to access a device over the given connectivity protocol.

Supported values are:

  • pki

  • password

connectivity.auth.credentials

The credentials used for authentication.

connectivity.auth.credentials.password

The password used for signing in to the device being tested.

This value applies only if connectivity.auth.method is set to password.

connectivity.auth.credentials.privKeyPath

The full path to the private key used to sign in to the device under test.

This value applies only if connectivity.auth.method is set to pki.

connectivity.auth.credentials.user

The user name for signing in to the device being tested.

connectivity.serialPort

Optional. The serial port to which the device is connected.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to uart.

connectivity.containerId

The container ID or name of the Docker container being tested.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to docker.

connectivity.containerUser

Optional. The name of the user to user inside the container. The default value is the user provided in the Dockerfile.

The default value is 22.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to docker.

Note

To check if test runners configure the incorrect device connection for a test, you can retrieve pool.Devices[0].Connectivity.Protocol from the state machine context and compare it to the expected value in a Choice state. If an incorrect protocol is used, then print a message using the LogMessage state and transition to the Fail state.

Alternatively, you can use error handling code to report a test failure for incorrect device types.

(Optional) Configure userdata.json

The userdata.json file contains any additional information that is required by a test suite but is not specified in the device.json file. The format of this file depends on the userdata_scheme.json file that is defined in the test suite. If you are a test writer, make sure you provide this information to users who will run the test suites that you write.

(Optional) Configure resource.json

The resource.json file contains information about any devices that will be used as resource devices. Resource devices are devices that are required to test certain capabilities of a device under test. For example, to test a device's Bluetooth capability, you might use a resource device to test that your device can connect to it successfully. Resource devices are optional, and you can require as many resources devices as you need. As a test writer, you use the test.json file to define the resource device features that are required for a test. Test runners then use the resource.json file to provide a pool of resource devices that have the required features. Make sure you provide this information to users who will run the test suites that you write.

Test runners can provide this information using the following template resource.json file located in the <device-tester-extract-location>/configs/ folder.

[ { "id": "<pool-id>", "features": [ { "name": "<feature-name>", "version": "<feature-value>", "jobSlots": <job-slots> } ], "devices": [ { "id": "<device-id>", "connectivity": { "protocol": "ssh | uart | docker", // ssh "ip": "<ip-address>", "port": <port-number>, "auth": { "method": "pki | password", "credentials": { "user": "<user-name>", // pki "privKeyPath": "/path/to/private/key", // password "password": "<password>", } }, // uart "serialPort": "<serial-port>", // docker "containerId": "<container-id>", "containerUser": "<container-user-name>", } } ] } ]

All fields that contain values are required as described here:

id

A user-defined alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies a collection of devices called a device pool. Devices that belong to a pool must have identical hardware. When you run a suite of tests, devices in the pool are used to parallelize the workload. Multiple devices are used to run different tests.

features

Optional. An array that contains the device's supported features. The information required in this field is defined in the test.json files in the test suite and determines which tests to run and how to run those tests. If the test suite does not require any features, then this field is not required.

features.name

The name of the feature.

features.version

The feature version.

features.jobSlots

Setting to indicate how many tests can concurrently use the device. The default value is 1.

devices

An array of devices in the pool to be tested. At least one device is required.

devices.id

A user-defined unique identifier for the device being tested.

connectivity.protocol

The communication protocol used to communicate with this device. Each device in a pool must use the same protocol.

Currently, the only supported values are ssh and uart for physical devices, and docker for Docker containers.

connectivity.ip

The IP address of the device being tested.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to ssh.

connectivity.port

Optional. The port number to use for SSH connections.

The default value is 22.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to ssh.

connectivity.auth

Authentication information for the connection.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to ssh.

connectivity.auth.method

The authentication method used to access a device over the given connectivity protocol.

Supported values are:

  • pki

  • password

connectivity.auth.credentials

The credentials used for authentication.

connectivity.auth.credentials.password

The password used for signing in to the device being tested.

This value applies only if connectivity.auth.method is set to password.

connectivity.auth.credentials.privKeyPath

The full path to the private key used to sign in to the device under test.

This value applies only if connectivity.auth.method is set to pki.

connectivity.auth.credentials.user

The user name for signing in to the device being tested.

connectivity.serialPort

Optional. The serial port to which the device is connected.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to uart.

connectivity.containerId

The container ID or name of the Docker container being tested.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to docker.

connectivity.containerUser

Optional. The name of the user to user inside the container. The default value is the user provided in the Dockerfile.

The default value is 22.

This property applies only if connectivity.protocol is set to docker.

(Optional) Configure config.json

The config.json file contains configuration information for IDT. Typically, test runners will not need to modify this file except to provide their Amazon user credentials for IDT, and optionally, an Amazon region. If Amazon credentials with required permissions are provided Amazon IoT Device Tester collects and submits usage metrics to Amazon. This is an opt-in feature and is used to improve IDT functionality. For more information, see IDT usage metrics.

Test runners can configure their Amazon credentials in one of the following ways:

  • Credentials file

    IDT uses the same credentials file as the Amazon CLI. For more information, see Configuration and credential files.

    The location of the credentials file varies, depending on the operating system you are using:

    • macOS, Linux: ~/.aws/credentials

    • Windows: C:\Users\UserName\.aws\credentials

  • Environment variables

    Environment variables are variables maintained by the operating system and used by system commands. Variables defined during an SSH session are not available after that session is closed. IDT can use the AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY environment variables to store Amazon credentials

    To set these variables on Linux, macOS, or Unix, use export:

    export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=<your_access_key_id> export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=<your_secret_access_key>

    To set these variables on Windows, use set:

    set AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=<your_access_key_id> set AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=<your_secret_access_key>

To configure Amazon credentials for IDT, test runners edit the auth section in the config.json file located in the <device-tester-extract-location>/configs/ folder.

{ "log": { "location": "logs" }, "configFiles": { "root": "configs", "device": "configs/device.json" }, "testPath": "tests", "reportPath": "results", "awsRegion": "<region>", "auth": { "method": "file | environment", "credentials": { "profile": "<profile-name>" } } } ]

All fields that contain values are required as described here:

Note

All paths in this file are defined relative to the <device-tester-extract-location>.

log.location

The path to the logs folder in the <device-tester-extract-location>.

configFiles.root

The path to the folder that contains the configuration files.

configFiles.device

The path to the device.json file.

testPath

The path to the folder that contains test suites.

reportPath

The path to the folder that will contain test results after IDT runs a test suite.

awsRegion

Optional. The Amazon region that test suites will use. If not set, then test suites will use the default region specified in each test suite.

auth.method

The method IDT uses to retrieve Amazon credentials. Supported values are file to retrieve credentials from a credentials file, and environment to retrieve credentials using environment variables.

auth.credentials.profile

The credentials profile to use from the credentials file. This property applies only if auth.method is set to file.