Amazon X-Ray daemon - Amazon X-Ray
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Amazon X-Ray daemon


You can now use the CloudWatch agent to collect metrics, logs and traces from Amazon EC2 instances and on-premise servers. CloudWatch agent version 1.300025.0 and later can collect traces from OpenTelemetry or X-Ray client SDKs, and send them to X-Ray. Using the CloudWatch agent instead of the Amazon Distro for OpenTelemetry (ADOT) Collector or X-Ray daemon to collect traces can help you reduce the number of agents that you manage. See the CloudWatch agent topic in the CloudWatch User Guide for more information.

The Amazon X-Ray daemon is a software application that listens for traffic on UDP port 2000, gathers raw segment data, and relays it to the Amazon X-Ray API. The daemon works in conjunction with the Amazon X-Ray SDKs and must be running so that data sent by the SDKs can reach the X-Ray service. The X-Ray daemon is an open source project. You can follow the project and submit issues and pull requests on GitHub:

On Amazon Lambda and Amazon Elastic Beanstalk, use those services' integration with X-Ray to run the daemon. Lambda runs the daemon automatically any time a function is invoked for a sampled request. On Elastic Beanstalk, use the XRayEnabled configuration option to run the daemon on the instances in your environment. For more information, see

To run the X-Ray daemon locally, on-premises, or on other Amazon Web Services, download it, run it, and then give it permission to upload segment documents to X-Ray.

Downloading the daemon

You can download the daemon from Amazon S3, Amazon ECR, or Docker Hub, and then run it locally, or install it on an Amazon EC2 instance on launch.

Amazon S3
X-Ray daemon installers and executables

These links always point to the latest 3.x release of the daemon. To download a specific release, do the following:

  • If you want to download a release prior to version 3.3.0, replace 3.x with the version number. For example, 2.1.0. Prior to version 3.3.0, the only available architecture is arm64.

  • If you want to download a release after version 3.3.0, replace 3.x with the version number and arch with the architecture type. For example, 2.1.0 and arm64.

X-Ray assets are replicated to buckets in every supported region. To use the bucket closest to you or your Amazon resources, replace the region in the above links with your region.

The available local Regions are cn-north-1 and cn-northwest-1.

Amazon ECR

As of version 3.2.0 the daemon can be found on Amazon ECR. Before pulling an image you should authenticate your docker client to the Amazon ECR public registry.

Pull the latest released 3.x version tag by running the following command:

docker pull

Prior or alpha releases can be downloaded by replacing 3.x with alpha or a specific version number.

We do not recommend using a daemon image with an alpha tag in a production environment.

Docker Hub

The daemon can be found on Docker Hub. To download the latest released 3.x version, run the following command:

docker pull amazon/aws-xray-daemon:3.x

Prior releases of the daemon can be released by replacing 3.x with the desired version.

Verifying the daemon archive's signature

GPG signature files are included for daemon assets compressed in ZIP archives. The public key is here: aws-xray.gpg.

You can use the public key to verify that the daemon's ZIP archive is original and unmodified. First, import the public key with GnuPG.

To import the public key
  1. Download the public key.

    $ BUCKETURL= $ wget $BUCKETURL/xray-daemon/aws-xray.gpg
  2. Import the public key into your keyring.

    $ gpg --import aws-xray.gpg gpg: /Users/me/.gnupg/trustdb.gpg: trustdb created gpg: key 7BFE036BFE6157D3: public key "AWS X-Ray <>" imported gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1

Use the imported key to verify the signature of the daemon's ZIP archive.

To verify an archive's signature
  1. Download the archive and signature file.

    $ BUCKETURL= $ wget $BUCKETURL/xray-daemon/ $ wget $BUCKETURL/xray-daemon/
  2. Run gpg --verify to verify the signature.

    $ gpg --verify gpg: Signature made Wed 19 Apr 2017 05:06:31 AM UTC using RSA key ID FE6157D3 gpg: Good signature from "AWS X-Ray <>" gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: EA6D 9271 FBF3 6990 277F 4B87 7BFE 036B FE61 57D3

Note the warning about trust. A key is only trusted if you or someone you trust has signed it. This does not mean that the signature is invalid, only that you have not verified the public key.

Running the daemon

Run the daemon locally from the command line. Use the -o option to run in local mode, and -n to set the region.

~/Downloads$ ./xray -o -n us-east-2

For detailed platform-specific instructions, see the following topics:

You can customize the daemon's behavior further by using command line options or a configuration file. See Configuring the Amazon X-Ray daemon for details.

Giving the daemon permission to send data to X-Ray

The X-Ray daemon uses the Amazon SDK to upload trace data to X-Ray, and it needs Amazon credentials with permission to do that.

On Amazon EC2, the daemon uses the instance's instance profile role automatically. For information about credentials required to run the daemon locally, see running your application locally.

If you specify credentials in more than one location (credentials file, instance profile, or environment variables), the SDK provider chain determines which credentials are used. For more information about providing credentials to the SDK, see Specifying Credentials in the Amazon SDK for Go Developer Guide.

The IAM role or user that the daemon's credentials belong to must have permission to write data to the service on your behalf.

  • To use the daemon on Amazon EC2, create a new instance profile role or add the managed policy to an existing one.

  • To use the daemon on Elastic Beanstalk, add the managed policy to the Elastic Beanstalk default instance profile role.

  • To run the daemon locally, see running your application locally.

For more information, see Identity and access management for Amazon X-Ray.

X-Ray daemon logs

The daemon outputs information about its current configuration and segments that it sends to Amazon X-Ray.

2016-11-24T06:07:06Z [Info] Initializing Amazon X-Ray daemon 2.1.0 2016-11-24T06:07:06Z [Info] Using memory limit of 49 MB 2016-11-24T06:07:06Z [Info] 313 segment buffers allocated 2016-11-24T06:07:08Z [Info] Successfully sent batch of 1 segments (0.123 seconds) 2016-11-24T06:07:09Z [Info] Successfully sent batch of 1 segments (0.006 seconds)

By default, the daemon outputs logs to STDOUT. If you run the daemon in the background, use the --log-file command line option or a configuration file to set the log file path. You can also set the log level and disable log rotation. See Configuring the Amazon X-Ray daemon for instructions.

On Elastic Beanstalk, the platform sets the location of the daemon logs. See Running the X-Ray daemon on Amazon Elastic Beanstalk for details.