Logging Amazon Keyspaces API Calls with AWS CloudTrail - Amazon Keyspaces(针对 Apache Cassandra)
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Logging Amazon Keyspaces API Calls with AWS CloudTrail

Amazon Keyspaces is integrated with AWS CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an AWS service in Amazon Keyspaces. CloudTrail captures Data Definition Language (DDL) API calls for Amazon Keyspaces as events. The calls that are captured include calls from the Amazon Keyspaces console and code calls to the Amazon Keyspaces API operations. If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket, including events for Amazon Keyspaces. 如果您不配置跟踪,则仍可在 CloudTrail 控制台的 Event history (事件历史记录). 中查看最新事件。Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to Amazon Keyspaces, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

To learn more about CloudTrail, see the AWS CloudTrail User Guide.

Amazon Keyspaces Information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail在您创建 AWS 账户时,即针对该账户启用了 When activity occurs in Amazon Keyspaces, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other AWS service events in Event history. 您可以在 AWS 账户中查看、搜索和下载最新事件。有关更多信息,请参阅使用 CloudTrail 事件历史记录查看事件.

For an ongoing record of events in your AWS account, including events for Amazon Keyspaces, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an Amazon S3 bucket. 默认情况下,在控制台中创建跟踪时,此跟踪应用于所有 AWS 区域。此跟踪记录来自 AWS 分区中的所有区域的事件,并将日志文件传送至您指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶。此外,您可以配置其他 AWS 服务,进一步分析在 CloudTrail 日志中收集的事件数据并采取操作。

For more information, see the following topics in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide:

每个事件或日志条目都包含有关生成请求的人员的信息。身份信息帮助您确定以下内容:

  • 发出请求使用的是根凭证还是 AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) 用户凭证

  • 请求是使用角色还是联合身份用户的临时安全凭证发出的

  • 请求是否由其他 AWS 服务发出

有关更多信息,请参阅 CloudTrail userIdentity 元素.

Understanding Amazon Keyspaces Log File Entries

跟踪是一种配置,可用于将事件作为日志文件传送到您指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶。CloudTrail 日志文件包含一个或多个日志条目。一个事件表示来自任何源的一个请求,包括有关所请求的操作、操作的日期和时间、请求参数等方面的信息。CloudTrail 日志文件不是公用 API 调用的有序堆栈跟踪,因此它们不会按任何特定顺序显示。

The following example shows a CloudTrail log entry that demonstrates the CreateKeyspace, DropKeyspace, CreateTable, and DropTable actions:

{ "Records": [ { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T18:53:04Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateKeyspace", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.72", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "\n\tCREATE KEYSPACE \"mykeyspace\"\n\tWITH\n\t\tREPLICATION = {'class': 'SingleRegionStrategy'}\n\t\t", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "bfa3e75d-bf4d-4fc0-be5e-89d15850eb41", "eventID": "d25beae8-f611-4229-877a-921557a07bb9", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Keyspace", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T19:28:39Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DropKeyspace", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.73", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "DROP KEYSPACE \"mykeyspace\"", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "66f3d86a-56ae-4c29-b46f-abcd489ed86b", "eventID": "e5aebeac-e1dd-41e3-a515-84fe6aaabd7b", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Keyspace", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T18:55:24Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateTable", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.72", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "\n\tCREATE TABLE \"mykeyspace\".\"mytable\"(\n\t\t\"ID\" int,\n\t\t\"username\" text,\n\t\t\"email\" text,\n\t\t\"post_type\" text,\n\t\tPRIMARY KEY((\"ID\", \"username\", \"email\")))", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace", "tableName": "mytable" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "5f845963-70ea-4988-8a7a-2e66d061aacb", "eventID": "fe0dbd2b-7b34-4675-a30c-740f9d8d73f9", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Table", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/table/mytable" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T19:27:59Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DropTable", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.66", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "DROP TABLE \"mykeyspace\".\"mytable\"", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace", "tableName": "mytable" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "025501b0-3582-437e-9d18-8939e9ef262f", "eventID": "1a5cbedc-4e38-4889-8475-3eab98de0ffd", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Table", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/table/mytable" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" } ] }