使用记录 Amazon Keyspaces API 调用Amazon CloudTrail - Amazon Keyspaces(针对 Apache Cassandra)
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使用记录 Amazon Keyspaces API 调用Amazon CloudTrail

亚马逊 Keyspaces 与Amazon CloudTrail,该服务提供了用户、角色或Amazon服务。CloudTrail 将捕获数据定义语言 (DDL) API 调用 Keyspaces 为事件。捕获的调用包括来自 Amazon Keyspaces 控制台的调用和对 Amazon Keyspace API 操作的代码调用。如果您创建跟踪,则可以使 CloudTrail 事件持续传送到 Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) 存储桶(包括 Amazon Keyspaces 的事件)。如果您不配置跟踪,则仍可在 CloudTrail 控制台中查看最新事件。事件历史记录。使用 CloudTrail 收集的信息,您可以确定向 Amazon Keyspaces 发出了什么请求、发出请求的 IP 地址、何人发出的请求、请求的发出时间以及其他详细信息。

要了解有关 CloudTrail 的更多信息,请参阅 Amazon CloudTrail 用户指南

CloudTrail 中的 Amazon Keyspaces(云跟踪)

CloudTrail 已启用 Amazon Web Services 账户 创建账户时。当 Amazon Keyspaces (事件中发生活动时,该活动将记录在 CloudTrail 事件中,并与其他Amazon中的服务事件事件历史记录。您可以在 Amazon Web Services 账户 。有关更多信息,请参阅使用 CloudTrail 事件历史记录查看事件

要持续记录您的事件 Amazon Web Services 账户 (包括 Amazon Keyspaces(事件),请创建跟踪。通过跟踪,CloudTrail 可将日志文件传送至 Amazon S3 存储桶。默认情况下,在控制台中创建跟踪时,此跟踪应用于所有 Amazon 区域。此跟踪在Amazon分区中记录所有区域中的事件,并将日志文件传送至您指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶。此外,您可以配置其他Amazon服务,进一步分析在 CloudTrail 日志中收集的事件数据并采取行动。

有关更多信息,请参阅 Amazon CloudTrail 用户指南 中的以下主题:

每个事件或日志条目都包含有关生成请求的人员信息。身份信息可帮助您确定以下内容:

  • 请求是使用根用户凭证还是 Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) 用户凭证发出的

  • 请求是使用角色还是联合身份用户的临时安全凭证发出的

  • 请求是否由其他Amazon服务发出

有关更多信息,请参阅 CloudTrail userIdentity 元素

了解 Amazon Keyspaces 日志文件条目

跟踪是一种配置,可用于将事件作为日志文件传送到您指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶。CloudTrail 日志文件包含一个或多个日志条目。一个事件表示来自任何源的一个请求,包括有关请求的操作、操作的日期和时间、请求参数等方面的信息。CloudTrail 日志文件不是公用 API 调用的有序堆栈跟踪,因此它们不会按任何特定顺序显示。

下面的示例显示了一个 CloudTrail 日志条目,该条目演示了CreateKeyspaceDropKeyspaceCreateTable, 和DropTable操作:

{ "Records": [ { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T18:53:04Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateKeyspace", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.72", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "\n\tCREATE KEYSPACE \"mykeyspace\"\n\tWITH\n\t\tREPLICATION = {'class': 'SingleRegionStrategy'}\n\t\t", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "bfa3e75d-bf4d-4fc0-be5e-89d15850eb41", "eventID": "d25beae8-f611-4229-877a-921557a07bb9", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Keyspace", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T19:28:39Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DropKeyspace", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.73", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "DROP KEYSPACE \"mykeyspace\"", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "66f3d86a-56ae-4c29-b46f-abcd489ed86b", "eventID": "e5aebeac-e1dd-41e3-a515-84fe6aaabd7b", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Keyspace", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T18:55:24Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateTable", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.72", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "\n\tCREATE TABLE \"mykeyspace\".\"mytable\"(\n\t\t\"ID\" int,\n\t\t\"username\" text,\n\t\t\"email\" text,\n\t\t\"post_type\" text,\n\t\tPRIMARY KEY((\"ID\", \"username\", \"email\")))", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace", "tableName": "mytable" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "5f845963-70ea-4988-8a7a-2e66d061aacb", "eventID": "fe0dbd2b-7b34-4675-a30c-740f9d8d73f9", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Table", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/table/mytable" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:alice", "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/users/alice", "accountId": "111122223333", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/Admin", "accountId": "111122223333", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-01-15T18:47:56Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2020-01-15T19:27:59Z", "eventSource": "cassandra.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DropTable", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "sourceIPAddress": "52.95.24.66", "userAgent": "Cassandra Client/ProtocolV4", "requestParameters": { "rawQuery": "DROP TABLE \"mykeyspace\".\"mytable\"", "keyspaceName": "mykeyspace", "tableName": "mytable" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "025501b0-3582-437e-9d18-8939e9ef262f", "eventID": "1a5cbedc-4e38-4889-8475-3eab98de0ffd", "readOnly": false, "resources": [ { "accountId": "111122223333", "type": "AWS::Cassandra::Table", "ARN": "arn:aws:cassandra:us-east-2:111122223333:/keyspace/mykeyspace/table/mytable" } ], "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "apiVersion": "3.4.4", "recipientAccountId": "111122223333" } ] }