使用记录 Amazon Kinesis Data Streams API 调用Amazon CloudTrail - Amazon Kinesis Data Streams
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使用记录 Amazon Kinesis Data Streams API 调用Amazon CloudTrail

Amazon Kinesis Data Streams 与Amazon CloudTrail,提供用户、角色或用户所采取操作的记录的服务。AmazonKinesis Data Streams 中的服务。CloudTrail将 Kinesis Data Streams 的所有 API 调用作为事件捕获。捕获的调用包括来自 Kinesis Data Streams 控制台的调用和对 Kinesis Data Streams API 操作的代码调用。如果您创建了跟踪,则可以启用持续交付CloudTrail发送到 Amazon S3 存储桶的事件,包括 Kinesis Data Streams 的事件。如果您不配置跟踪记录,则仍可在 CloudTrail 控制台的 Event history(事件历史记录)中查看最新事件。使用收集的信息CloudTrail,您可以确定向 Kinesis Data Streams am 发出的请求、发出请求的 IP 地址、何人发出的请求、请求的发出时间以及其他详细信息。

要了解有关 CloudTrail 的更多信息(包括如何配置和启用它),请参阅 Amazon CloudTrail 用户指南

在 Kinesis Data Streams 信息CloudTrail

在您创建 CloudTrail 账户时,即针对该账户启用了 Amazon。当 Kinesis Data Streams 中发生受支持的事件活动时,该活动将记录在CloudTrail活动以及其他Amazon中的服务事件事件记录. 您可以在 Amazon 账户中查看、搜索和下载最新事件。有关更多信息,请参阅使用 CloudTrail 事件历史记录查看事件

要持续记录您的事件Amazon帐户(包括 Kinesis Data Streams 的事件)创建跟踪。一个踪迹启用CloudTrail将日志文件传送至 Amazon S3 存储桶。预设情况下,在控制台中创建跟踪时,此跟踪应用于所有 Amazon 区域。此跟踪记录在 Amazon 分区中记录所有区域中的事件,并将日志文件传送至您指定的 Simple Storage Service(Amazon S3)存储桶。此外,您可以配置其他 Amazon 服务,进一步分析在 CloudTrail 日志中收集的事件数据并采取行动。有关更多信息,请参阅下列内容:

Kinesis Data Streams 支持在中将以下操作记录为事件:CloudTrail日志文件:

每个事件或日志条目都包含有关生成请求的人员信息。身份信息可帮助您确定以下内容:

  • 请求是使用根用户凭证还是 Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) 用户凭证发出的。

  • 请求是使用角色还是联合身份用户的临时安全凭证发出的。

  • 请求是否由其它 Amazon 服务发出。

有关更多信息,请参阅 CloudTrail userIdentity 元素

例如:Kinesis Data Streams 日志文件条目

跟踪记录是一种配置,可用于将事件作为日志文件传送到您指定的 Simple Storage Service(Amazon S3)存储桶。CloudTrail 日志文件包含一个或多个日志条目。一个事件表示来自任何源的一个请求,包括有关所请求的操作、操作的日期和时间、请求参数等方面的信息。CloudTrail 日志文件不是公用 API 调用的有序堆栈跟踪,因此它们不会按任何特定顺序显示。

以下示例显示了一个 CloudTrail 日志条目,该条目演示了 CreateStreamDescribeStreamListStreamsDeleteStreamSplitShardMergeShards 操作。

{ "Records": [ { "eventVersion": "1.01", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EX_PRINCIPAL_ID", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678910:user/Alice", "accountId": "012345678910", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE_KEY_ID", "userName": "Alice" }, "eventTime": "2014-04-19T00:16:31Z", "eventSource": "kinesis.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateStream", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "127.0.0.1", "userAgent": "aws-sdk-java/unknown-version Linux/x.xx", "requestParameters": { "shardCount": 1, "streamName": "GoodStream" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "db6c59f8-c757-11e3-bc3b-57923b443c1c", "eventID": "b7acfcd0-6ca9-4ee1-a3d7-c4e8d420d99b" }, { "eventVersion": "1.01", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EX_PRINCIPAL_ID", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678910:user/Alice", "accountId": "012345678910", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE_KEY_ID", "userName": "Alice" }, "eventTime": "2014-04-19T00:17:06Z", "eventSource": "kinesis.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DescribeStream", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "127.0.0.1", "userAgent": "aws-sdk-java/unknown-version Linux/x.xx", "requestParameters": { "streamName": "GoodStream" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "f0944d86-c757-11e3-b4ae-25654b1d3136", "eventID": "0b2f1396-88af-4561-b16f-398f8eaea596" }, { "eventVersion": "1.01", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EX_PRINCIPAL_ID", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678910:user/Alice", "accountId": "012345678910", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE_KEY_ID", "userName": "Alice" }, "eventTime": "2014-04-19T00:15:02Z", "eventSource": "kinesis.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListStreams", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "127.0.0.1", "userAgent": "aws-sdk-java/unknown-version Linux/x.xx", "requestParameters": { "limit": 10 }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "a68541ca-c757-11e3-901b-cbcfe5b3677a", "eventID": "22a5fb8f-4e61-4bee-a8ad-3b72046b4c4d" }, { "eventVersion": "1.01", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EX_PRINCIPAL_ID", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678910:user/Alice", "accountId": "012345678910", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE_KEY_ID", "userName": "Alice" }, "eventTime": "2014-04-19T00:17:07Z", "eventSource": "kinesis.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeleteStream", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "127.0.0.1", "userAgent": "aws-sdk-java/unknown-version Linux/x.xx", "requestParameters": { "streamName": "GoodStream" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "f10cd97c-c757-11e3-901b-cbcfe5b3677a", "eventID": "607e7217-311a-4a08-a904-ec02944596dd" }, { "eventVersion": "1.01", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EX_PRINCIPAL_ID", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678910:user/Alice", "accountId": "012345678910", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE_KEY_ID", "userName": "Alice" }, "eventTime": "2014-04-19T00:15:03Z", "eventSource": "kinesis.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "SplitShard", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "127.0.0.1", "userAgent": "aws-sdk-java/unknown-version Linux/x.xx", "requestParameters": { "shardToSplit": "shardId-000000000000", "streamName": "GoodStream", "newStartingHashKey": "11111111" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "a6e6e9cd-c757-11e3-901b-cbcfe5b3677a", "eventID": "dcd2126f-c8d2-4186-b32a-192dd48d7e33" }, { "eventVersion": "1.01", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "EX_PRINCIPAL_ID", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678910:user/Alice", "accountId": "012345678910", "accessKeyId": "EXAMPLE_KEY_ID", "userName": "Alice" }, "eventTime": "2014-04-19T00:16:56Z", "eventSource": "kinesis.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "MergeShards", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "127.0.0.1", "userAgent": "aws-sdk-java/unknown-version Linux/x.xx", "requestParameters": { "streamName": "GoodStream", "adjacentShardToMerge": "shardId-000000000002", "shardToMerge": "shardId-000000000001" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "e9f9c8eb-c757-11e3-bf1d-6948db3cd570", "eventID": "77cf0d06-ce90-42da-9576-71986fec411f" } ] }