Federate an event data store - Amazon CloudTrail
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Federate an event data store

Federating an event data store lets you view the metadata associated with the event data store in the Amazon Glue Data Catalog, registers the Data Catalog with Amazon Lake Formation, and lets you run SQL queries against your event data using Amazon Athena. The table metadata stored in the Amazon Glue Data Catalog lets the Athena query engine know how to find, read, and process the data that you want to query.

You can enable federation by using the CloudTrail console, Amazon CLI, or EnableFederation API operation. When you enable Lake query federation, CloudTrail creates a managed database named aws:cloudtrail (if the database doesn't already exist) and a managed federated table in the Amazon Glue Data Catalog. The event data store ID is used for the table name. CloudTrail registers the federation role ARN and event data store in Amazon Lake Formation, the service responsible for allowing fine-grained access control of the federated resources in the Amazon Glue Data Catalog.

To enable Lake query federation, you must create a new IAM role or choose an existing role. Lake Formation uses this role to manage permissions for the federated event data store. When you create a new role using the CloudTrail console, CloudTrail automatically creates the required permissions for the role. If you choose an existing role, be sure that the role provides the minimum permissions.

You can disable federation by using the CloudTrail console, Amazon CLI, or DisableFederation API operation. When you disable federation, CloudTrail disables the integration with Amazon Glue, Amazon Lake Formation, and Amazon Athena. After disabling Lake query federation, you can no longer query your event data in Athena. No CloudTrail Lake data is deleted when you disable federation and you can continue to run queries in CloudTrail Lake.

There are no CloudTrail charges for federating a CloudTrail Lake event data store. There are costs for running queries in Amazon Athena. For more information about Athena pricing, see Amazon Athena Pricing.

Considerations

Consider the following factors when federating an event data store:

  • There are no CloudTrail charges for federating a CloudTrail Lake event data store. There are costs for running queries in Amazon Athena. For more information about Athena pricing, see Amazon Athena Pricing.

  • Lake Formation is used to manage permissions for the federated resources. If you delete the federation role, or revoke permissions to the resources from Lake Formation or Amazon Glue, you can't run queries from Athena. For more information about working with Lake Formation, see Managing CloudTrail Lake federation resources with Amazon Lake Formation.

  • Anyone using Amazon Athena to query data registered with Lake Formation must have an IAM permissions policy that allows the lakeformation:GetDataAccess action. The Amazon managed policy: AmazonAthenaFullAccess allows this action. If you use inline policies, be sure to update permissions policies to allow this action. For more information, see Managing Lake Formation and Athena user permissions.

  • To create views on federated tables in Athena, you need a destination database other than aws:cloudtrail. This is because the aws:cloudtrail database is managed by CloudTrail.

  • To create a dataset in Amazon QuickSight, you must choose the Use custom SQL option. For more information, see Creating a dataset using Amazon Athena data.

  • If federation is enabled, you can't delete an event data store. To delete a federated event data store, you must first disable federation and termination protection if it's enabled.

  • The following considerations apply to organization event data stores:

    • Only a single delegated administrator account or the management account can enable federation on an organization event data store. Other delegated administrator accounts can still query and share information using the Lake Formation data sharing feature.

    • Any delegated administrator account or the organization's management account can disable federation.

Required permissions for federation

Before federating an event data store, be sure that you have all the required permissions for the federation role and for enabling and disabling federation. You only need to update the federation role permissions if you choose an existing IAM role to enable federation. If you choose to create a new IAM role using the CloudTrail console, CloudTrail provides all necessary permissions for the role.

IAM permissions for federating an event data store

When you enable federation, you have the option to create a new IAM role, or use an existing IAM role. When you choose a new IAM role, CloudTrail creates an IAM role with the required permissions and no further action is required on your part.

If you choose an existing role, ensure the IAM role's policies provide the required permissions to enable federation. This section provides examples of the required IAM role permission and trust policies.

The following example provides the permissions policy for the federation role. For the first statement provide the full ARN of your event data store for the Resource.

The second statement in this policy allows Lake Formation to decrypt data for an event data store encrypted with a KMS key. Replace key-region, account-id, and key-id with the values for your KMS key. You can omit this statement if your event data store does not use a KMS key for encryption.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "LakeFederationEDSDataAccess", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "cloudtrail:GetEventDataStoreData", "Resource": "arn:aws:cloudtrail:eds-region:account-id:eventdatastore/eds-id" }, { "Sid": "LakeFederationKMSDecryptAccess", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "kms:Decrypt", "kms:GenerateDataKey" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:kms:key-region:account-id:key/key-id" } ] }

The following example provides the IAM trust policy, which allows Amazon Lake Formation to assume an IAM role to manage permissions for the federated event data store.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lakeformation.amazonaws.com" }, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" } ] }

Required permissions for enabling federation

The following example policy provides the minimum required permissions to enable federation on an event data store. This policy allows CloudTrail to enable federation on the event data store, Amazon Glue to create the federated resources in the Amazon Glue Data Catalog, and Amazon Lake Formation to manage resource registration.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "Allow CloudTrail to enable federation on the event data store", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "cloudtrail:EnableFederation", "Resource": "arn:aws:cloudtrail:region:account-id:eventdatastore/eds-id" }, { "Sid": "Allow access to the federation role", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:PassRole", "iam:GetRole" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::region:role/federation-role-name" }, { "Sid": "Allow Amazon Glue to create the federated resources in the Data Catalog", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "glue:CreateDatabase", "glue:CreateTable", "glue:PassConnection" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:glue:region:account-id:catalog", "arn:aws:glue:region:account-id:database/aws:cloudtrail", "arn:aws:glue:region:account-id:table/aws:cloudtrail/eds-id", "arn:aws:glue:region:account-id:connection/aws:cloudtrail" ] }, { "Sid": "Allow Lake Formation to manage resource registration", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "lakeformation:RegisterResource", "lakeformation:DeregisterResource" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:lakeformation:region:account-id:catalog:account-id" } ] }

Required permissions for disabling federation

The following example policy provides the minimum required resources to disable federation on an event data store. This policy allows CloudTrail to disable federation on the event data store, Amazon Glue to delete the managed federated table in the Amazon Glue Data Catalog, and Lake Formation to deregister the federated resource.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "Allow CloudTrail to disable federation on the event data store", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "cloudtrail:DisableFederation", "Resource": "arn:aws:cloudtrail:region:account-id:eventdatastore/eds-id" }, { "Sid": "Allow Amazon Glue to delete the managed federated table from the Amazon Glue Data Catalog", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "glue:DeleteTable", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:glue:region:account-id:catalog", "arn:aws:glue:region:account-id:database/aws:cloudtrail", "arn:aws:glue:region:account-id:table/aws:cloudtrail/eds-id" ] }, { "Sid": "Allow Lake Formation to deregister the resource", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "lakeformation:DeregisterResource", "Resource": "arn:aws:lakeformation:region:account-id:catalog:account-id" } ] }