Log Amazon IoT Greengrass V2 API calls with Amazon CloudTrail - Amazon IoT Greengrass
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Log Amazon IoT Greengrass V2 API calls with Amazon CloudTrail

Amazon IoT Greengrass V2 is integrated with Amazon CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an Amazon service in Amazon IoT Greengrass Version 2. CloudTrail captures all API calls for Amazon IoT Greengrass as events. The calls that are captured include calls from the Amazon IoT Greengrass console and code calls to the Amazon IoT Greengrass API operations.

If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an S3 bucket, including events for Amazon IoT Greengrass. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to Amazon IoT Greengrass, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

For more information about CloudTrail, see the Amazon CloudTrail User Guide.

Amazon IoT Greengrass V2 information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is enabled on your Amazon Web Services account when you create the account. When activity occurs in Amazon IoT Greengrass, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other Amazon service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your Amazon Web Services account. For more information, see Viewing events with CloudTrail Event history.

For an ongoing record of events in your Amazon Web Services account, including events for Amazon IoT Greengrass, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all Amazon Web Services Regions. The trail logs events from all Regions in the Amazon partition and delivers the log files to the S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other Amazon services to further analyze and act upon the event data collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see the following:

All Amazon IoT Greengrass V2 actions are logged by CloudTrail and are documented in the Amazon IoT Greengrass V2 API Reference. For example, calls to the CreateComponentVersion, CreateDeployment and CancelDeployment actions generate entries in the CloudTrail log files.

Every event or log entry contains information about who generated the request. The identity information helps you determine the following:

  • Whether the request was made with root or Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user credentials.

  • Whether the request was made with temporary security credentials for a role or federated user.

  • Whether the request was made by another Amazon service.

For more information, see the CloudTrail userIdentity element.

Understanding Amazon IoT Greengrass V2 log file entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source. It includes information about the requested action, the date and time of the action, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files aren't an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they don't appear in any specific order.

The following example shows a CloudTrail log entry that demonstrates the CreateDeployment action.

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws-cn:iam::123456789012:user/Administrator", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "userName": "Administrator" }, "eventTime": "2021-01-06T02:38:05Z", "eventSource": "greengrass.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateDeployment", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "", "userAgent": "aws-cli/2.1.9 Python/3.7.9 Windows/10 exe/AMD64 prompt/off command/greengrassv2.create-deployment", "requestParameters": { "deploymentPolicies": { "failureHandlingPolicy": "DO_NOTHING", "componentUpdatePolicy": { "timeoutInSeconds": 60, "action": "NOTIFY_COMPONENTS" }, "configurationValidationPolicy": { "timeoutInSeconds": 60 } }, "deploymentName": "Deployment for MyGreengrassCoreGroup", "components": { "aws.greengrass.Cli": { "componentVersion": "2.0.3" } }, "iotJobConfiguration": {}, "targetArn": "arn:aws-cn:iot:us-west-2:123456789012:thinggroup/MyGreengrassCoreGroup" }, "responseElements": { "iotJobArn": "arn:aws-cn:iot:us-west-2:123456789012:job/fdfeba1d-ac6d-44ef-ab28-54f684ea578d", "iotJobId": "fdfeba1d-ac6d-44ef-ab28-54f684ea578d", "deploymentId": "4196dddc-0a21-4c54-a985-66a525f6946e" }, "requestID": "311b9529-4aad-42ac-8408-c06c6fec79a9", "eventID": "c0f3aa2c-af22-48c1-8161-bad4a2ab1841", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012" }