Logging Service Quotas API calls using Amazon CloudTrail - Service Quotas
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Logging Service Quotas API calls using Amazon CloudTrail

Service Quotas is integrated with Amazon CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an Amazon Web Service in Service Quotas. CloudTrail captures all API calls for Service Quotas as events. The calls captured include calls from the Service Quotas console and code calls to the Service Quotas API operations. If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon S3 bucket, including events for Service Quotas. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to Service Quotas, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

To learn more about CloudTrail, see the Amazon CloudTrail User Guide.

Service Quotas information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is enabled on your Amazon Web Services account when you create the account. When activity occurs in Service Quotas, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other Amazon Web Service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your Amazon Web Services account. For more information, see Viewing events with CloudTrail Event history.

For an ongoing record of events in your Amazon Web Services account, including events for Service Quotas, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an Amazon S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all Amazon Web Services Regions. The trail logs events from all Regions in the Amazon partition and delivers the log files to the Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other Amazon Web Services to further analyze and act upon the event data collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see the following:

All Service Quotas actions are logged by CloudTrail and are documented in the Service Quotas API Reference. For example, calls to the GetServiceQuota, RequestServiceQuotaIncrease and ListAWSDefaultServiceQuotas actions generate entries in the CloudTrail log files.

Every event or log entry contains information that helps you determine who made the request.

  • Amazon account root credentials.

  • Temporary security credentials from an Amazon Identity and Access Management role or federated user.

  • Long-term security credentials from an IAM user.

  • Another Amazon Web Service.

For more information, see the CloudTrail userIdentity element.

Understanding Service Quotas log file entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source and includes information about the requested action, the date and time of the action, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files aren't an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they don't appear in any specific order.

The following example shows a CloudTrail log entry that demonstrates the RequestQuotaIncrease action.

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDA123456789012Example", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:user/admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "userName": " admin", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": {}, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "creationDate": "2022-01-24T16:57:04Z", "mfaAuthenticated": "true" } } }, "eventTime": "2022-01-24T17:00:15Z", "eventSource": "servicequotas.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "RequestServiceQuotaIncrease", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "", "userAgent": "aws-internal/3 aws-sdk-java/1.12.127 Linux/5.4.147-83.259.amzn2int.x86_64 OpenJDK_64-Bit_Server_VM/25.312-b07 java/1.8.0_312 vendor/Oracle_Corporation cfg/retry-mode/standard", "requestParameters": { "serviceCode": "ec2", "quotaCode": "L-CEED54BB", "desiredValue": 10 }, "responseElements": { "requestedQuota": { "id": "cd3ad3d9-2776-4ef1-a904-4c229d1642ee", "serviceCode": "ec2", "serviceName": "Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2)", "quotaCode": "L-CEED54BB", "quotaName": "EC2-Classic Elastic IPs", "desiredValue": 10, "status": "PENDING", "created": "Jan 24, 2022 5:00:15 PM", "requester": "{\"accountId\":\"123456789012\",\"callerArn\":\"arn:aws-cn:iam::123456789012:user/admin\"}", "quotaArn": "arn:aws-cn:servicequotas:us-east-1:123456789012:ec2/L-CEED54BB", "globalQuota": false, "unit": "None" } }, "requestID": "3d3f5cdc-af30-4121-b69a-84b2f5c33be5", "eventID": "0cb51588-e460-4e00-bc48-a9d4820cad83", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management" }

This example shows that the user named admin generated a request for additional Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud Elastic IP addresses on January 24, 2022. The requested increase was 10, an increase of 5 from the default quota of 5.

The following is an example of an approved quota increase in Service Quotas:

{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "accountId": "123456789012", "invokedBy": "servicequotas.amazonaws.com" }, "eventTime": "2022-01-24T17:02:17Z", "eventSource": "servicequotas.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UpdateServiceQuotaIncreaseRequestStatus", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "servicequotas.amazonaws.com", "userAgent": "servicequotas.amazonaws.com", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": null, "eventID": "e331b0a0-9395-4895-aeba-73cbab9ebcb0", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsServiceEvent", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "serviceEventDetails": { "requestId": "cdc5f1f78739459e6642407bb2bZKO8GKUM", "newStatus": "CASE_CLOSED", "createTime": "2022-01-24T17:00:15.363Z", "newQuotaValue": "10.0", "serviceName": "Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2)", "quotaName": "EC2-Classic Elastic IPs", "unit": "None" }, "eventCategory": "Management" }

From the serviceEventDetails section, you can determine that Amazon Web Services Support approved the request for a quota increase to 10 Elastic IP addresses, and closed the request. The newQuotaValue displays 10 as the new quota.