Change Data Capture with Amazon DynamoDB - Amazon DynamoDB
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Change Data Capture with Amazon DynamoDB

Many applications benefit from capturing changes to items stored in a DynamoDB table, at the point in time when such changes occur. The following are some example use cases:

  • A popular mobile app modifies data in a DynamoDB table, at the rate of thousands of updates per second. Another application captures and stores data about these updates, providing near-real-time usage metrics for the mobile app.

  • A financial application modifies stock market data in a DynamoDB table. Different applications running in parallel track these changes in real time, compute value-at-risk, and automatically rebalance portfolios based on stock price movements.

  • Sensors in transportation vehicles and industrial equipment send data to a DynamoDB table. Different applications monitor performance and send messaging alerts when a problem is detected, predict any potential defects by applying machine learning algorithms, and compress and archive data to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3).

  • An application automatically sends notifications to the mobile devices of all friends in a group as soon as one friend uploads a new picture.

  • A new customer adds data to a DynamoDB table. This event invokes another application that sends a welcome email to the new customer.

DynamoDB supports streaming of item-level change data capture records in near-real time. You can build applications that consume these streams and take action based on the contents.

Streaming Options for Change Data Capture

DynamoDB offers two streaming models for change data capture: Kinesis Data Streams for DynamoDB and DynamoDB Streams.

To help you choose the right solution for your application, the following table summarizes the features of each streaming model.

Properties Kinesis Data Streams for DynamoDB DynamoDB Streams
Data retention Up to 1 year. 24 hours.
Kinesis Client Library (KCL) support Supports KCL versions 1.X and 2.X. Supports KCL version 1.X.
Number of consumers Up to 5 simultaneous consumers per shard, or up to 20 simultaneous consumers per shard with enhanced fan-out. Up to 2 simultaneous consumers per shard.
Throughput quotas Unlimited. Subject to throughput quotas by DynamoDB table and AWS Region.
Record delivery model Pull model over HTTP using GetRecords and with enhanced fan-out, Kinesis Data Streams pushes the records over HTTP/2 by using SubscribeToShard. Pull model over HTTP using GetRecords.
Ordering of records The timestamp attribute on each stream record can be used to identify the actual order in which changes occurred in the DynamoDB table. For each item that is modified in a DynamoDB table, the stream records appear in the same sequence as the actual modifications to the item.
Duplicate records Duplicate records might occasionally appear in the stream. No duplicate records appear in the stream.
Stream processing options Process stream records using AWS Lambda, Kinesis Data Analytics, Kinesis Data Firehose , or AWS Glue Streaming ETL. Process stream records using AWS Lambda or DynamoDB Streams Kinesis Adapter.

You can enable both streaming models on the same DynamoDB table.